Bible Verse-Search Engines

Download free Christian theology software worth $500 including a concordance, commentaries, Greek lexicons, Hebrew dictionaries, Bibles, and Websters Dictionary. The best totally free program is the downloadable E-sword engine  with its massive Keil & Delitzsch OT Commentary plus Vincent’s Word Studies plus Robertson’s Word Pictures plus the King James Concordance (a rare item). The runner-up is the free Online Bible program, followed by the free Sword Project engine, both of which feature an Interlinear Greek-English New Testament. See our free quickstart manuals for these Bible-programs, namely a Libronix manual,  Logos manual, E-sword-manual, Online Bible manual, and Sword Project manual.


Andrew Murray alone fully understood the Holy Spirit. Click here for shocking truths overlooked by every denomination - or remain weak and deceived until heaven. 



- Table of Contents

- Save this entire web page to your Desktop.

- Navigate this web page by using your browser’s Back button to backtrack after jumping to any link.

- Try using control-F or Edit-Find to search this page for a particular topic. The search will start from wherever on the page that you last clicked the mouse.

- This page was updated July 5, 2003 with new sections explaining how to download Libronix free, instructions for installing Libronix, how to troubleshoot Libronix installation,  how to install a CD-burner, how to install a Zip drive,  how to reformat your hard drive, and how to use a word-processor.

-This page is a book written and copyrighted by Tekana Histrom. The title is Bible Verse-Search Engines. All rights reserved. 



 [Listen to a free audio summary of my book]

[Save this entire web page to your Desktop]

Libronix Free and Forced to Install [Download Libronix Free] [Two-Step and Three-Step Installation] [A Summary of Troubleshooting Libronix]  [How to Uninstall (Purge) Logos and Libronix] [Popular Installation Solutions] [Installing Internet Explorer 6.0] [Duplicate Books and Duplicate Entries][Library Index Problems] [Get Help From the Libronix Newsgroup] [Appendix: Installing the Libronix Files Manually]


-Quickstart Instructions for using the Libronix engine [Display Your List of Books] [Libronix Activation (Mandatory Registration)] [License Your Books (Unlock Them)] [Copy the Books from the CD to the Hard Drive] [Font Size, Font Color, Default Bible, Strong’s Numbers] [Download My Toolbar or Design Your Own] [Jumping To Pages, Chapters, Bookmarks, And Windows] [Defining Book Collections] [Searching for Topics, Phrases, and Words] [Keylinks in Libronix] [Printing Libronix Documents] [Appendix: Rearranging Windows in Logos and Libronix] [Appendix: Hotspots Defined]


-Quickstart Instructions for the Logos search engine  [Getting Started in Logos] [Copying Books to the Hard Drive] [Using the Library Browser to Open Books and Periodicals] [Browsing or Scrolling Books] [Prepare for a Word-Search By Delimiting Collections of Books] [Basic Word-Searching And Phrase-Searching] [Using Advanced Boolean Operators In Searches] [Using A Chapter Title Or Verse Number As The Keyword In Searches] [Keylinks in Logos] [Printing From Logos] [Appendix: Rearranging Windows in Logos and Libronix] [Appendix: Hotspots Defined]


-Quickstart Instructions for the free E-sword engine [Making the Screen More Readable][Automatic Greek and Hebrew Lookups] [Jumping from Verse to Verse and Bible to Bible] [Backtracking And Retracking Visited Verses] [Non-automatic dictionary lookups] [Word Searching in E-sword] [Bonus Library Resources in E-sword]


-Quickstart Instructions for the  free Online Bible search engine

[Websites to Download Online Bible] [Screen and Font Readability] [How many Bibles will Initially Open?] [Autolookup Greek and Hebrew Definitions] [Bonus Library Books] [Opening Multiple Windows and Sync Scrolling] [Sophisticated Word Searching] [Morphology Tags Both Alphabetic and Numeric]


-Quickstart Instructions for the free Sword Project engine [Recommended Downloads] [Getting Started] [Backtracking with Bookmarks and Back Button] [Highlight and Right-Click for Dictionary Lookups] [All Word Searches Based on Double Wildcards]


-Download a fantastic word-processor free to keep. See our introduction to word-processors if you don’t know how to use them.

-Want a simple, lightweight, speedy Bible with no features? Download a “Speed Bible.”


[Back to Top]







- If Libronix is already installed, just use the Libronix manual to get started.

- The procedures outlined here only install the free Libronix program. You must purchase the actual books separately. Libronix version 1.1a is a slight upgrade to all Libronix software shipped prior to May 2003. Libronix 2.0 (a beta version) is a slight upgrade to 1.1a and requires Internet Explorer 6.0 installable only in post-Windows-95 computers. You have three download options.


Internet Option 1. Download Libronix 1.1a here directly from Logos Software – the makers of Libronix – in the form of a 50-megabyte zip-package entitled Unzip the package of files and click the file “Setup.exe” to display the Libronix Update Window. Checkmark any desired options in the window and click its Update button to launch installation. Allow the window to install various components and reboot immediately if prompted. After installation is complete, click Setup.exe yet again to re-summon the Libronix Update Window on the lookout for additional components to install. Troubleshoot Libronix here if any problems occur.


Internet Option 2. After installing Internet Explorer 6.0 required for Libronix 2.0, download Libronix 2.0 here directly from Logos Software – the makers of Libronix – in the form of a 65-megabyte zip-package entitled Follow the same instructions listed in Option 1.


Internet Option 3 (not recommended).  Download the Libronix 5.5 MB core-file here directly from Logos Software – the makers of Libronix. The core-file is entitled DLSsetup.exe to be click-installed as the first step of a two-step or three-step installation. If you are merely upgrading from a successfully installed Libronix 1.x (where 1.x means any pre-2.0 version), this file is already installed and hence unnecessary. Next click here to download Libronix on-the-fly from Logos’ on-the-fly server. This link activates a server-file entitled AutoUpdate.lbxupd which summons the Libronix Update Window to install Libronix 1.1a as the second step of a two-step or three-step installation. The window will also attempt to upgrade Libronix to 2.0 (the third step), possibly after a reboot, assuming you previously installed Internet Explorer 6.0 required for Libronix 2.0.




- The downloaded zip-files unpack to an arrangement identical to that of a Libronix CD, namely a folder entitled Setup plus a file entitled Setup.exe. Inserting a CD prompts Windows to auto-click the file Setup.exe. Clicking Setup.exe will display the following error-message if your version  of Internet Explorer is less than 5.5 (assuming Libronix is not yet installed): “This update to the Libronix Digital Library System requires Internet Explorer 5.5 Sp2. Install Internet Explorer 5.5 SP2 now?” (Sp2 means Service Pack 2). In Libronix 2.0 the message became as follows, “This update to the Libronix Digital Library System requires Internet Explorer 6.0. Install Internet Explorer 6.0 now?” Responding “Yes” installs Internet Explorer only if Setup.exe is located on a Libronix CD since only the CDs contain Internet Explorer. The zip-version of Setup.exe does not come with Internet Explorer and consequently halts the setup process dead in its tracks. Installers of Libronix 1.x (any pre-2.0 version), however, can use the two-step installation (below) to bypass Setup.exe because Libronix 1.x merely requires Internet Explorer 5.0 despite demanding 5.5. On the other hand installers of Libronix 2.0, though equally commended to the two-step installation, cannot bypass the required Internet Explorer 6.0 (easily obtained).

 - Obviously Setup.exe will not produce these error messages if Internet Explorer 6.0 was pre-installed.  In this case Setup.exe pulls up the Libronix Update Window as pilot, engine, and cockpit of all installation and upgrading. If Libronix is already installed, this window installs any Libronix upgrades found in the vicinity of Setup.exe and installs the licenses (the unlock codes) for any books in that vicinity (but does not unlock any demo-books added to the CD to entice your purchase).

- As already forecast, the two-step installation bypasses Setup.exe. In brief, the first step is to click-install DLSsetup.exe. The second step is to click AutoUpdate.lbxupd. In detail, the Setup folder (whether the CD-version or the unzipped version) contains a subfolder entitled Installs. Inside Installs is a dark-blue icon labeled DLSsetup.exe alongside several light-blue icons.  The first step is to click the dark-blue DLSsetup.exe also known as the Libronix core-file. Until then the second step usually cannot proceed because either DLSsetup.exe or its cousin LibronixUpdate.msi (renamed 11LibronixUpdate.msi in Libronix 2.0) has to create Update-exe. Apparently Update.exe is the source-code (the programming language) that allows the program-script entitled AutoUpdate.lbxupd to be click-executed (the second step). AutoUpdate.lbxupd is located within the (unzipped) Setup folder itself. Clicking AutoUpdate.lbxupd (the second step) displays the Libronix Update Window as the very pilot, cockpit, and engine of all Libronix installation and upgrading. Checkmark any desired components in the window and click its Update button to actually install them. Afterwards the window should report, “Update has completed successfully.” You are finished except that Libronix 2.0 sometimes does not fully manifest until a reboot (a third step) has re-summoned the Libronix Update Window for the final upgrade.

- Troubleshooting Libronix. The Libronix Update Window sometimes displays an error message prefaced thus: “The Libronix Digital Library System may not function properly. Please run Update again at a later time to analyze and update the system.” Underneath this preface is usually one of the following two messages:

- “Error Code: 6; Internal Error. Exception 0x800736b1.  This application has failed to start because the application configuration is incorrect. Reinstalling the application may fix this problem.”

- “Error Code: 3; Unexpected error. Exception 0x80004003: Invalid pointer.”

- A third possible error pertains to scripts, “An Error has occurred in the script on this page. Line: 1215; Char: 4; Error: Can’t move focus to the control because it is invisible, not enabled, or of a type that does not accept the focus.” You can download directly from Microsoft a script-support file either for Windows 95, 98, Millennium, and NT or for Windows 2000. (Windows XP apparently has this support built-in). However, probably behind this third error-message lurks the Libronix Update Window displaying one of the first two errors. Using the below solution aimed at the first two errors will sometimes bypass the script-error.  

- (A few people will encounter additonal error-messages).

- During actual installations the present writer discovered the following solution to the first two errors. Using the keyword Manifest, search the C-drive for the file LibSys.exe.manifest (assuming you configured Windows to display all file-extensions such as “manifest”). Delete this file and re-run step two of the two-step installation (i.e. re-click AutoUpdate.lbxupd). The path to the file LibSys.exe.manifest is usually

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS\System\LibSys.exe.manifest

You can browse to this file by clicking open the C-drive in MyComputer to find the folder Libronix DLS and its subfolder System. (The entire subfolder System is deleted during a full purge).  Within System delete LibSys.exe.manifest and then re-click AutoUpdate.lbxupd to re-summon the Libronix Update Window for completing the installation, after which it will boast complete success. However, attempting to start up Libronix might produce the error-message, “This application has failed to start because the application configuration is incorrect. Reinstalling the application may fix this problem.” Use the same keyword Manifest to find and delete another file labeled LDLS.exe.manifest located in the same System subfolder. Libronix should now be correctly installed; start it up without further ado. 

- If Libronix claims to have installed version 2.0 even though the main menu at Help-About indicates 1.1a, rebooting should re-summon the Libronix Update Window for the final upgrade to 2.0. 

- If you can’t install Libronix 2.0 by any means, install 1.x and click the 2.0-file Setup.exe to display the Libronix Update Window for an upgrade. Checkmark any desired options in the window and click the Update button. Allow the window to install various components and reboot immediately if prompted.  If the window reappears after the reboot, re-checkmark any desired options and re-click the Update button.

- If these steps fail you will almost certainly need to purge and re-install Libronix.

- The following are additional solutions worth trying when all else fails. (1).  Uninstall and reinstall DLSsetup.exe. Installing it is the first step of the two-step installation. Then perform the second step (click AutoUpdate.lbxupd). (2) Uninstall LibronixUpdate.msi (renamed 11LibronixUpdate.msi in version 2.0) and then install DLSsetup.exe (step one). Next perform step two (click AutoUpdate.lbxupd).

- Return to the main troubleshooting-summary if still unsuccessful.




- If Libronix freezes up during installation or usage, hitting control-alternate-delete summons the Microsoft Windows Task List with the option to terminate any active program. Select Libronix Digital Library System from the Task List and click End Task or End Process.  Libronix-related modules possibly displayed on the Task List for convenient termination might include LDLS.exe and LibSys.exe. Finally, rebooting is another way to shut down a frozen program.

- Installation is best accomplished with a Libronix CD or a downloaded Libronix zip-file versus the on-the-fly download. 

- Rumor has it that anti-virus software can prevent installation. You can temporarily deactivate it by right-clicking its icon in the lower right-hand corner of the Desktop and selecting Disable, Close, or Exit.

- A scratched CD will produce confusing, unrelated error-messages onscreen.

- After clicking a file, be willing to wait as much as 60-seconds before it activates.

- Upgrade your version of Internet Explorer as necessary. Libronix 1.1a is apparently satisfied with Internet Explorer 5.0 despite demanding 5.5. Libronix 2.0 requires Internet Explorer 6.0.

- Purging and re-installing Libronix solves most installation problems although several tries might be necessary. Stanley Kober published two indispensable purge-steps, namely to (1) click-execute the file PurgeLDLS.bat and (2) go to the Libronix DLS folder and delete all its subfolders entitled Common, Inbound, and System except for the subfolder labeled Resources which is to remain. The Resources-subfolder contains any books copied to the hard drive.

- After the purge perform the two-step installation whose discussion covers script-errors.

- One of the popular installation solutions might succeed if all else fails, though not likely. Even less likely to succeed is a manual installation of the Libronix files. Almost anything is worth a try, however.

- Click here to seek help from the Libronix Newsgroup.

- Libronix will provide technical support at 1-360-685-2337 if you purchased a CD at regular retail prices but not for the $7.95 CDs obtained from 

- Your final resort would be to reformat your hard drive and start over.

- Assuming Libronix is installed, click here regarding duplicate entries in the Library index. Click here if the Library index is not functioning at all. Click here regarding mandatory product-activation, unlocking locked books, and tips for using the program.

- If Libronix installed okay but is unresponsive to its own menu-commands or even freezes, you probably installed a 1.x version of the file LibronixDLSApplication.msi (located in the Installs folder of the CD or zip-package) instead of the 2.0 version. Uninstall the 1.x version of this file and install the 2.0 version. Failing that, remove any potentially scratched CDs from the drive. Open Internet Explorer, select Tools-Options, click Delete Files, checkmark “Delete all offline content,” and click OK. This may take some time. Failing that, purge and re-install Libronix.




- Prior to purging, click here if interested in suggestions on saving a backup copy of any CD-licenses, personal notes, unlock-codes, and custom settings.

- To uninstall Logos, simply delete the two files Logos20 and LRsystem found in the C-drive reached from the MyComputer icon on the Desktop.

- To uninstall Libronix, either search or browse to find a file entitled PurgeLDLS.bat. Use the right-click menu to copy-and-paste this file onto your Desktop for easy reach. The path to this file should be:

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS\System\PurgeLDLS.bat

- You can even download PurgeLDLS.bat here.

- PurgeLDLS.bat will list onscreen each major Libronix component successfully purged and will warn you if a particular component could not be purged in virtue of being uninstalled to begin with.

- PurgeLDLS might abort with the error message, “The MSIEXEC.EXE file is linked to missing export MSI.DLL-222.” Windows Installer (=MSIEXEC.EXE) is installed by Libronix but probably needs a reboot. You can also try reinstalling Windows Installer if rebooting does not solve the problem.              

- As an occasional alternative to PurgeLDLS, try the traditional uninstallation-procedure at Start-Settings-ControlPanel-AddRemovePrograms; select Libronix and click Uninstall or Remove.

- Open the C-drive in MyComputer to browse to the main Libronix folder entitled Libronix DLS (located in the folder Program Files) whose path is typically:

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS

Delete the subfolders entitled “Common,” “Inbound,” and “System” if found in this Libronix DLS folder.  In fact “Resources” is the only subfolder of Libronix DLS that should remain. “Resources” contains any Libronix books copied to the hard drive. The present writer learned this purge-step from Stanley Kober’s article in the Libronix newsgroup. THIS IS THE CRUCIAL PURGE-STEP IN MOST CASES! DO NOT NEGLECT IT! Omitting it might produce an error when Libronix is started even if the Libronix Update Window reported a successful installation.

- This concludes the purge. Now reattempt the two-step installation.




- Certain individuals have suggested the following solutions admittedly unlikely to succeed. After each step, make another attempt to install Libronix.

- If you get Error Code 3 during install, LRSuser.dat file might be corrupt. Rename C:\LRSYSTEM\LRSUser.dat, if it exists, by going to MyComputer, opening the C:drive, opening the LRSsystem folder, and right-Clicking on the LRSuser.dat file to rename it.

- Utilize the Start-Run command line in an effort to manually re-register the msxml.dll (the Microsoft XML Dynamic Link Library). For users of Windows 95/98/Me use the right-click menu to copy and paste the following command onto the Start-Run line:

C:\Windows\System\RegSvr32 C:\Windows\System\Msxml3.dll

-For Windows NT/2000 the command is this:

C:\Winnt\System32\RegSvr32 C:\Winnt\System32\Msxml3.dll


-For Windows XP the command is this:

C:\Windows\System32\RegSvr32 C:\Windows\System32\Msxml3.dll

- Failing that, run the above command again, but this time change the filename from Msxml3.dll to Msxml4.dll

- Next, download directly from Microsoft the installation program for Msxml3.dll and Msxml4.dll. The links to Microsoft are these:


msxml.msi (Msxml4 – not for Windows 95 and may require the advanced version of Windows Installer whether for

Windows 2000 and NT users or for

Windows 98 and Millennium users

-XP users should  download the following file 

or obtain an updated (?) version from the following address:

This zipped file is a self-extracting (self-unzipping) program. It will offer you the option of decompressing it to any desired folder (path) but will default to the proper folder if you merely click Unzip. The proper path (folder) is C:\Windows\WinSxS\Manifests unless you installed Windows XP to a non-standard location, that is, to a path other than C:\Windows, as might happen when XP upgrades 2000 or NT, in which case find WinSxS, select it as the destination folder for Manifests, and click Unzip. Try installing Libronix again.




- On the Desktop Internet Explorer is the blue “e” also accessible at Start-Programs-InternetExplorer. It is Microsoft’s proprietary Internet browser. An Internet browser is a program designed to both (1) recognize HTML-format data received from all the Internet-accessing computers constituting the world-wide-web (abbreviated WWW); (2) and convert these HTML-encoded messages into vivid onscreen-displays of text, pictures, graphics, and clickable icons for “surfing the net.” One excellent feature of Internet Explorer is the menu-item File-SaveAs for downloading a web page in a two-part format (a file plus a folder of images if the web page has any colors or images), or better yet, select the “single-file MHT format” from the same File-SaveAs window. Talk about making Internet research easy!

- Internet Explorer 6.0 will install to all versions of Windows except Windows 95 and earlier.  You will find a copy of Internet Explorer 6.0 on the current AOL CD (version 8.0) and the current MSN CD (also version 8.0). Searching these CDs for the file MSIE6 (Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0) will locate the three files MSIE62K.EXE (for Windows 2000 and XP), MSIE698.EXE (for Windows 98), and MSIE6ME.EXE (for Windows Millennium). Windows XP apparently has Internet Explorer 6.0 built-in. AOL stands for America Online, and MSN for Microsoft Network. They are ISPs (Internet service providers) who furnish dial-up Internet-access to the public. You can find free AOL CDs in many large department stores and certainly all major computer stores. Some computer stores carry both AOL and MSN. Ask for both, but first examine each of the recent computer CDs in your household very carefully because they may unexpectedly contain Internet Explorer 6.0. You can also order an Internet Explorer 6.0 CD directly from Microsoft  for about $5.00 shipping. Finally, it is also available across the Internet from Microsoft’s on-the-fly server. You first have to download a tiny core file from Microsoft’s Internet Explorer 6.0 download page. Running the core file activates the on-the-fly server. You can accelerate the on-the-fly installation by first pre-installing Internet Explorer 5.5 from a Libronix CD or other household CD.




- Often there is no way to completely remedy the problem of redundant listings for certain books in the Library index. For starters try Tools-Options-General-Interface and checkmark “Use Only Primary Resources in My Library.” Also try the option Tools-PowerTools-RemoveDuplicateResources (assuming you used the two-step or three-step installation to install the Power Tools add-in).

-Jim Taylor’s free program will remove duplicate books but not necessarily their duplicate titles in the Library index. It can free up some hard drive space if needed. Download it from It comes in two versions, Move and Delete.  “Move” holds the extra files in a safe place in case you decide to put them back later. The program does not have a help file, so hopefully we have understood Jim correctly as follows. Download Jim’s program, right-click it, and select copy. From the Desktop open the MyComputer window and click the C:drive looking for the folder ProgramFiles (click “Show files” if empty), and its subfolder Libronix DLS. Paste the program into the Resources folder.  From there click-activate the program and click Select. You will see a window containing your drives and folders. Find the C:drive and open the Logos20 folder. You will now see the named path of that folder listed (registered) in Jim’s program-window (usually c:\Logos20).  Repeat these steps, going one more level deep, to register the Books subfolder of the Logos20 folder. Then click Start. If any duplicates are found, you will be given an option to move them (if you have Jim’s “Move” version) or delete them (in the case of his “Delete” version).




- Others have suggested the following solutions to a non-functioning Library index. However, the present writer will remain skeptical until receiving opportunity to test them.

- Close Libronix and use the keyword Libronix to search for a folder called Libronix DLS that contains the subfolder entitled Library. The path is something like this:

C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Libronix DLS

- Right-click on the subfolder Library and choose Properties to see how large it is. A floppy disk holds 1.44 MB (Megabytes) or about 1440 KB (Kilobytes). Attempt to copy the subfolder Library to a floppy, or better yet a Zip disk if you have such a drive, or even a CD-burner. Then open the subfolder Library and delete one of its subfolders called Cache.  Then open Libronix again and check to see if it has found your books.

- Next, if you have Windows 95 or 98, search for a file called oleacc.dll or browse the following path looking for it:


If that file is missing, download and the click-activate the file:

- You might get the error message: “Preferences.LbxPreferences.1: Unable to parse the preferences stream: (line 1001) Illegal xml charter.” Close Libronix. Delete the Statistics.lbxprf Libronix preferences file on your C:drive.  Use the keyword Statistics to search for it. Afterwards check to see if Libronix found your books.





The Windows email program Outlook Express has a built-in newsreader for newsgroups (although a protective web filter for children such as Cybersitter might prohibit this function). To activate this function, click one of the following links to the Libronix news server:

launch your news reader software.



Available Newsgroups:

Logos Bible Software

























Another way to activate this function of Outlook Express is to open Outlook Express from Start-Programs, choose Tools-Accounts, select the News tab, click Add, and select “News.” Type your name or nickname in the name field and your email address for receiving replies to your questions. Type as the server name and allow the program to download the names of the available newsgroups featured by the server (as listed above).

- You will probably see the “Newsgroups Subscriptions” window which lists the subgroups. If not, use Tools-Newgroups to open this window and click its All tab at the bottom to list the subsgroups. When the subgroup names appear, select one that seems relevant to your question and click “Go To” to download the individual message titles (whereas clicking “Subscribe” probably would only list the subgroup name in the left-hand pane without actually downloading the message-titles). This will take some time. Outlook Express will download the default number of message-titles specified in Tools-Options Read. There you can change the default number at any time to, say, 1000.  If you want to leave the default at 1000 but desire to download the next 1000 message-titles, go to Tools and select “Get the next 1000 headers.”  Obviously you cannot download the next 1000 if this particular subgroup only had 297 to begin with.

-  Double-click on any message-title listed in the right-hand pane (the Subject pane) to download the actual message for that message-title. To save the message to your Desktop after reading it, click File-SaveAs, scroll up to the Desktop, and click Save. Or copy and paste important information into you word processor.

- To quickly find a message relevant to your question, click the Find icon or choose Edit-Find-Message, type a keyword such as “Strong’s” in the Subject field, and click Find-Now. This will pull up any message titles with “Strong’s” in their subject-headings.

- You may be able to download multiple messages rapidly although the server might be able to override this effort if it thinks you are “hogging the server.” Highlight the subgroup name in the left-hand pane and right-click. You will see either a “subscribe” option or an “unsubscribe” option depending on whether you have activated this subgroup. Selecting Unsubscribe will delete the entire subgroup  and all downloaded messages! If the subgroup has been activated (subscribed), select SynchronizeSettings and then “All messages” to inform Outlook Express that you are interested in the entire message, not just the titles. Then choose Tools-SynchronizeNewsgroup to begin downloading the actual message for each already-downloaded message-title (whereas Tools-SynchronizeAll would download all subgroups). You will see a small window appear with a flashing arrow and a horizontal progress bar indicating the download. You can click Hide to vanish this window because a tiny blue-tray icon under a curly black arrow should also appear at the bottom right to verify progress. Another way to note the progress is on the Subject screen itself; the icon next to each message title was a tiny pen upon a tiny empty page but, as the download proceeds, each empty page converts to a written page. You can even read messages while this process proceeds automatically.

- Another way, much less convenient, to download multiple messages is to simply highlight several in the right-hand pane (the Subject pane) by holding down the shift-key and pressing the right-down arrow. This is less convenient because it actually opens a new window for each message that you have to manually close. (Although holding down the shift key supposedly closes multiple windows in some versions of Windows).

- If you decided to close the left-hand pane, you can reopen it by clicking the icon on the left-hand side of the title bar and, finally, click the thumbtack on the title-bar.

- To post a question for the entire newsgroup to view and respond click New Post, type a subject-heading, explain your question, and then click “Send.” Hopefully it will appear publicly within the next couple of hours. Similarly, to reply publicly to a message, open it and click Reply Group (whereas Reply responds individually rather than publicly).





- This section is more informational than problem-solving in nature. Attempting a manual installation has not proven to be an effective solution for troubleshooting Libronix and is here mentioned only on behalf of the desperate person who will probably attempt it anyway.

-Within the “Installs” folder, alongside the file DLSSetup.exe (see the earlier discussion of DLSsetup.exe), you will find several light-blue icons representing the installation-programs consecutively launched by Libronix Update during installation.  Thus you can provisionally skip both DLSSetup.exe and AutoUpdate.lbxupd (the two regular installation files) and manually execute each of the light-blue icons. But what is the proper sequence for executing them? LibronixUpdate.msi (renamed to 11LiboronixUpdate.msi in Libronix 2.0) should be run first and seems to have largely the same function as the core file DLSSetup.exe because it allows you to afterwards run AutoUpdate.lbxupd  (the Libronix Update Window). After LibronixUpdate.msi, the other files seem installable in any order. Libronix will function somewhat normally after you run the four major files (including LibronixUpdate.msi). The three other major files are these:



LibronixDLSApplication.msi (places the red icon on Desktop)


Note: If running any of these files brings up a “repair” window rather than an “install” window, it means that the file is installed already so just move on to the next one – except in the case of Update.msi whose “repair” sometimes solves installation problems). Note further that a manual installation typically will not install all the components until the Libronix Update Window completes the installation. As already noted, one tries to activate that window by either (a) clicking the file AutoUpdate.lbxupd found either on Libronix CDs or in the unzipped Setup-folder download; or (b) clicking the following link to the on-the-fly server:


Also try rebooting to see if that helps pull up the Libronix Update Window. Microsoft Windows should be aware that when you click the Libronix-Update-Window file (the program-script entitled AutoUpdate.lbxupd), Update.exe is the executing program that runs this script to pull up the Libronix Update Window. If AutoUpdate.lbxupd is not producing the Libronix Update Window, and if you suspect the problem to be Windows’ forgetting that Update.exe is the executing program for AutoUpdate.lbxupd, highlight AutoUpdate.lbxupd, hold down the shift key, right-click and select “Open With” (or choose Properties and look for an option to change the program that the file “Opens With”). From the list of programs select Update.Exe to be the executing program and checkmark the box “Always use this program to open this type of file.” If Update.exe is not even on the list of eligible programs for selection, however, look for a browse option so that you can select it by browsing to it. Of course you will first need to search for it to find out where it is. Update.exe exists only if you manually executed either DLSsetup.exe or its close relative Update.msi without any subsequent purging.


                      Libronix 1.x installation files:





LibronixDLSApplication.msi (places the red icon on Desktop)






                        Libronix 2.0 installation files:


11LibronixUpdate.msi (not LibronixUpdate.msi)



LibronixDLSApplication.msi  (places red icon on Desktop)

LibronixUpdate.msi (probably redundant to 11LibronixUpdate.msi).







LogosPrayerList.msi (Palm Pilot users)



                          FYI on msi-files and Windows Installer


-This is more of an informational section than a troubleshooting section.

- The Libronix 2.0 Setup folder contains the following two versions of the same file:

InstMsiA.exe (for Win95, 98, and ME)

InstMsiW.exe (for Windows 2000 and NT).

This file from Microsoft installs a program-installation manager entitled Windows Installer version 2.0 already built into Windows XP.  Libronix  2.0 requires Windows Installer 2.0 but usually installs it automatically. If in doubt, run the above file to make sure. You can also download it from the bottom of these two pages.

Windows 98 and ME users

Windows NT and 2000 users

- Windows Installer, whether version 2.0 or an earlier version, is the Microsoft program-installation manager that manages and executes Microsoft-compliant installer programs (msi-files) including the above Libronix msi-files. If you ever suspect that Windows has become confused as to which program executes the above Libronix msi-files, highlight a Libronix msi-file and hold down the shift-key while right-clicking to expose the “Open With” command (or choose Properties on the lookout for the option to change the program opens (runs) the file). Your goal is to select Windows Installer (= the file msiexec.exe) from the ensuing list of programs as the executing-program for msi-files, but Windows Installer is probably not listed. Therefore look for an option to browse to Windows Installer (i.e. to the file msiexec.exe).  Select it, click “Open,” and checkmark the box, “Always use this program to open this type of file.” Obviously you will first have to locate  msiexec.exe before you can browse to it.

 - Unfortunately Windows Installer sometimes acquires an incompatibility with certain software including, oddly enough, Microsoft Office – and possibly Libronix. Microsoft did not provide a way to uninstall Windows Installer. You might actually have to erase your entire computer and start over. But first try downloading MSICU.exe (Microsoft Installer Cleanup Utility), for either

Win95, 98, and ME users

Win 2000 and NT users

Install the program and then run it from Start-Progams to display all files currently registered under Windows Installer. If any of the following files are listed in the Cleanup window, highlight them one at a time and click “Remove” to unregister them from Windows Installer:

 - Libronix Digital Library System

- PDF Resource Driver

- Bible Data Type System Files

- Libronix DLS Application

- Common System Files

- LibronixUpdate

- OEB Resource Driver

- LLS Resource Driver

If you are really desperate, you can unregister other files found in the Cleanup window, not just these Libronix files, but be forewarned that you may have to reinstall the unregistered programs with no guarantee of success. 

- A Windows Installer window might start to frequently reappear when you attempt to run certain programs, especially Libronix. You will probably see the error message: “Another Installation is already in progress. Complete that installation before proceeding with this install.” This means that an “installed” program is actually incomplete in its installation either because the installation never completed to begin with or because an active process inadvertently damaged or removed installed components. In most cases the incomplete installation is Libronix, but we have seen other culprits as well. In this situation Windows Installer will reappear whenever you attempt to either (A) launch the incomplete program or (B) launch a process interpreted by Windows Installer as a possible effort to supply the missing components. While there is no cut-and-dry solution to this problem, consider the following recommendations.

- Using Start-Programs, try to launch as many different programs as possible - READING THE ONSCREEN MESSAGES CAREFULLY -in hope that Windows Installer will specify which program is suffering from an incomplete installation.

- Use the installation CD to attempt reinstalling the suspected program.

- Try to repair the suspected program. To do this, go to Start-Settings-Control-Panel-AddRemovePrograms, select the program from the list, and click the Uninstall/ Repair button. Look for an option to Repair. If the only option is to Uninstall it, hopefully you have the CD to reinstall it.






- You can  download Libronix free if desired. Or see the instructions for installing Libronix  from either the download or a CD.

- Click MyLibrary on the toolbar to see your list of books. You can widen the list to fill the screen by dragging its borders. At the top is a selection bar called “Arrange By” whose four bulleted options alphabetically arrange your books either by author or title or subject or all three simultaneously. Thus the All-option will list each book three times simultaneously  – by author, by title, and by subject. Books listed by author are marked by a stylus-icon resembling the old-fashioned pen once used by earlier authors. Books listed by title are marked by a blue-book icon. Books listed by subject are marked with a white-card icon resembling the card catalogue found in real libraries. (Items with a padlock are unlicensed materials locked until the key code is purchased at retail prices).

- If a particular book is hard to find, choose the bullet on the “Arrange By” selection bar that arrange the books by title and type the first word of the title in the Find field. For example type “King” to pull up the King James Version.

- Make sure that the MyLibrary window is displaying the full list of books. The Book Collection field at the top should be set to display either “All Known Resources” or “All Unlocked Resources.” Follow the steps below if a book is missing or locked unduly.

 [Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




-  Failing to activate (register) Libronix within 45 days can undo the installation. If you implanted your registration codes upon a floppy during a previous installation of Libronix, select Tools-RestoreLicenses, insert the floppy when prompted, and when the floppy’s list of files display in the window, select your registration-file (typically entitled Libronix Licenses Backup.lbx). If instead you are a newcomer to Libronix, connect to the Internet, choose Tools-Account Management, and select “I am a first-time user” to summon the User Profile window. Here you will type standard registration information such as your name, address, telephone number, and email address.  Click OK.  In response Libronix’s server will immediately download and display a Customer ID (usually your email address) and a Confirmation Code optionally printed on paper or saved to a floppy (see below) but needed only when reinstalling Libronix. Your copy of Libronix is now activated (registered). Those who lack the Internet can call Customer Service at 1-360 685-2337 to report their name, address, telephone number, and email address to receive a Confirmation Code. They can then choose Tools-AccountManagement, select “I have a Customer ID  and Confirmation Code,” and input this info onscreen to nullify the 45-day expiration.

  However, you still must register (activate) any books purchased to prevent their expiration after 45 days. Activate (register) each Libronix CD individually. Use either the telephone, regular mail, or the Internet to report each CD’s serial number to Libronix Software in exchange for each Activation Code. You might find the serial number on a sticker affixed to the shipping package, but the Libronix program will actually tell you the serial number, in fact will automatically report it to the Libronix Internet-server, if you first officially install the CD. Tools-AccountManagement will display three options for each officially installed CD:

- Option 1: Activate Directly Over the Internet (i.e. obtain the  Activation Code from your Internet connection).

- Option 2: Print Form for Activation By Mail (i.e. obtain the Activation Code by regular mail).

- Option 3: Input a received Activation Code.

Selecting Option 3 displays immediately the CD’s serial number phoneable into Libronix Customer Service at 1-360-685-2337 in exchange for the Activation Code.

- You will see no such options for obtaining and inputting an  Activation Code if already input or if the CD is not officially installed as described below.




- Activation (registration) as described above nullifies the 45-day expiration but is distinct from unlocking (licensing) individual books. Even before activation, Libronix automatically unlocks the books on each Libronix CD officially installed as opposed to merely copied from the CD to the hard drive. There are two ways to officially install a CD:

- Option 1. Allow the CD’s installation program to auto-start in the drive and then select “Install Software.” This choice summons the Libronix Update Window to install Libronix if not yet installed or, if installed already, to install the licenses (the unlock-codes) and to also upgrade Libronix if the CD contains a program-upgrade. Of course the Libronix Update Window will not unlock any demo-books added to the CD to entice your purchase.

- Option 2. Manually summon the same Libronix Update Window by clicking either Setup.exe or AutoUpdate.lbxupd. You will find these two files on the Libronix CD if you click open the CD-ROM icon in the MyComputer window.

- So far we have been discussing Libronix CDs. Libronix automatically assigns an unlocked-status to any Logos CDs installed under the Logos program. Thus your Logos books should be fully accessible in Libronix even though Logos should be used to install them.  If Libronix locks them up malfunctionally, create a license-file in Logos and then copy it to Libronix (unless you have Libronix version 1.1a which freezes up here). To create a Logos license-file, start up Logos and select Tools-BackupSystemFiles. In the forthcoming browser-window you will see a yellow folder labeled C:\. Click open C:\ and close any other open yellow subfolders competing with C:\ for receiving the license-file. Click OK to create the file somewhere in the folder C:\.  In Libronix select Tools-RestoreLicenses. Hit “cancel” if necessary to pull up the browser-window. Click “MyComputer” in the browser-window and click open the C-drive-icon to find and select this new license-file (probably entitled Logos.LSB). This should unlock the Logos books..

- Libronix version 1.1a freezes up during the above procedure. As an alternative, both reinstall each Logos CD and  copy  the Logos books to the hard drive using Tools-Librarian. If Libronix still keeps the books locked, select Tools-Options-General-ResourcePaths and click Refresh Resources in the Options window.  You might even want to delete the following two standard paths to your books from the same Options window (since Libronix will automatically rediscover standard paths):



Now drag these same two folders, LRsystem and Logos20, to the Desktop. These folders comprise the entire Logos installation. (Simply click open MyComputer and then click open the C-drive to find these two folders). Reinstall each of the Logos CDs, one at a time. (You probably won’t need to copy the books to the hard drive again). This will create two new folders to replace the two just dragged away. Start up Libronix to insure that it has now unlocked the books. You can then delete the two new folders and drag the two old folders from the Desktop back to the C-drive. If Libronix still locks the books, try purging and re-installing Libronix a couple of times.




Use Logos rather than Libronix to copy the old Logos books to the hard drive. As for Libronix CDs, use Tools-SystemTools-LocationManager to display all CD-books copyable to the hard drive. None will be listed if already copied or if Libronix is looking in the wrong place. Expressly direct Libronix to search your CD for the books by specifying “Unlocked on Removable Media” in the  “List Resources” field. (Click here if curious about the other options found in the “List Resources” field).   If the resources (the books) are still not listed, close Libronix. Make sure the CD is in the drive before you restart Libronix. When the list finally appears, select Copy Resources. The list usually disappears when the copying is complete.  Failing that, go to Tools–Options-General-ResourcePaths and select Refresh Resources. Close Libronix, restart it, and try the Location Manager again.

- Failing that, make sure that Libronix is also checking your hard drive for books. Select Tools-Options-General-ResourcePaths. Make sure the following paths to your book-folders appear (unless you set up your book-folders in non-standard locations or assigned them nonstandard names):

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS\Resources




If the paths to your book-folders are missing, click the Browse button to browse through the folders looking for your book-folders, for starters tracing the above paths. Hopefully you will recognize each books-folder by name when encountered. Click it open to widen its flaps (jaws) and click OK to make it an official location of Libronix books..

- Failing that, you can also try manually copying the books from the Resources folder on the CD to the Resources folder on the hard drive. To do this, open the MyComputer icon, right-click the CD-rom drive, select Open, open the Resources folder, choose Edit-SelectAll (or ctrl-A), and choose Edit-copy (or ctrl-c).  Next do the paste as follows. Click the back-arrow at the top left as necessary to find and open the C:drive, find the ProgramFiles folder, enter the Libronix DLS subfolder, and open the Resources folder. Select Edit-paste or hit ctrl-v to paste.  

- Incidentally you can download new Libronix versions of your old Logos books from here:

Use the right-click menu to copy and paste the downloaded books into your Resources folder usually located at the following path:

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS\Resources

(Click open the C-drive in MyComputer looking for the folder Program Files, the subfolder Libronix DLS, and finally the subfolder Resources).

- If everything proceeded successfully, all your purchased books should now be both activated (registered) and unlocked (licensed). Now is a good time to save all your licenses and registrations to a floppy disk. Simply insert the floppy and select Tools-BackupLicenses. Usually Libronix will automatically select the floppy as the license-file destination. If not, scroll the save-window to pick the floppy drive (the A:drive). Click Save.


[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




- Choose Tools-Options-General and select “Restore Desktop to Last Session.” This causes Libronix to reopen all the windows from your last session at each new session as though you bookmarked them.

- You should probably make the King James Version the preferred Bible because it displays Strong’s Numbers. Choose Go-Home from the main menu and give Libronix time to slowly summon the Home Page. Scroll down the Home Page looking for the “Bible” field.  Select the King James Version and close the window.  The KJV is now your default Bible.

- The following step is more important than you might imagine at first. Enlarge the font size to 125% by choosing Tools-Options-General, clicking on “Text Display” at the left, setting “Default Zoom” to 125%, and unchecking “Use Default Zoom Only with Resources.”  This sets the font to 125% for all books at once. (Incidentally the main-menu option View-Zoom is a fontsize-override that permanently alters the current open book without affecting other books).

 -  For ease of reading, do not leave all types of text a single color but rather aim for seven sharply contrasting colors. You can leave regular text as black, the words of Christ as red, and the search hits as blue, but you should probably change the Strong’s Numbers to brown, morphology numbers to fluorescent green, verse-references such as Rom 10:17 to purple, and Greek-Hebrew text to dark green. To do this, choose Tools-Options-Keylink from the main menu and then select “Display” to see the colors. In the “Data Type” field select “Tense/Voice/Mood” (=morphology) and set it to fluorescent green. Next select “Bible” (=verse-references) and set it to purple. Next select “Hebrew Strong Numbers”  and  set it to brown. Next select “Greek Strong Numbers” and set it to brown as well.  Next select “Greek” and set it to dark green and finally set “Hebrew” to dark green.

-If you would prefer a different set of colors, click here for more information.

- When reading books or articles with footnotes, hovering the mouse over a footnote-number should pop up the footnote in a yellow window. You can also right-click the footnote-number and select “Display Information.”

[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




A professional toolbar is an effective time-saver. Most toolbars are the text-commands File, Edit, View, Tools, and Help plus a row of confusing colorful images. Therefore 15 of my 19 icons are text-commands, itemized in the list below, and all 19 fit neatly in one short row.  


|Library |Bibles |KJV |Strong# |Basic-Search |Bible-Search |Vertical |Horizontal  |Cascade |New (new window)|icon 1|icon 2|icon 3|icon 4| |Load (i.e. load workspace)| Save (i.e. save workspace)|Key (i.e. Define Keylink) |Close-All| Close|


Thus 8 consecutive commands rearrange windows either Vertically, Horizontally, Cascaded, or in one of four Half-Screen positions specified by icons 1-4. The present writer borrowed these four icons (programs) from Andrew McKenzie’s famous 50-icon toolbar comprised of his 50 window-rearranging computer programs. To download my toolbar, click one of the two links below, choose “save” if asked to choose between “save” versus “open,” and scroll up or down the save-window to select the Desktop as the download destination.

text-style-toolbar1.exe (self-expanding).   (if you prefer to expand it yourself).

The expanded file is entitled text-style-toolbar1.lbxctb (here lbxctb stands for Libronix Custom Toolbar).  Right-click it and choose Copy. Use “toolbars” as your keyword to search the computer for the yellow folder entitled Custom Toolbars and then right-click inside this folder to paste the downloaded file inside it. However, the folder Custom toolbars might not exist if you have never previously created any custom toolbars. In that case start Libronix, right-click on the regular toolbar, select “Customize,” click “New” (=new custom toolbar), and close the toolbar window. Then close Libronix and retry searching for the folder “Custom Toolbars” because it should now exist.

-  If the new toolbar does not appear in Libronix, right-click on the old toolbar and select “Customize.” You should see my “text-style-toolbar1” listed as the name of the downloaded toolbar (unless Libronix substituted “Custom 1” for the name). Checkmark it to activate it. (You can deactivate it any time by unchecking it). To avoid clutter, uncheck (deactivate) the Standard toolbar.

   -You can also use the following steps to manually re-create my toolbar.


                                            Designing a Toolbar


-You can delete any unwanted icons from  McKenzie’s 50-icon toollar. Right-click it, select “customize,” highlight his toolbar name (“ArrangeWindows”), and select Modify to reveal a list of all fifty icons by descriptive title. Highlight any of the fifty titles and select Delete. Repeat as desired. You can now add your icons to this shortened toolbar.

-If you don’t want any of McKenzie’s programs, create a toolbar  from scratch by right-clicking the standard toolbar, selecting “Customize” to open the Customize Window, and selecting “New.” To this new toolbar Libronix usually assigns the name “Custom 1” but sometimes “Custom2” or “Custom3” if you already have one or two custom toolbars. The assigned name will appear onscreen if you exit this window and re-enter it.

- To begin adding icons, highlight the name of the toolbar whether Custom1 or, in the case of McKenzie’s toolbar, “ArrangeWindows.” Click Modify to open the Modify Toolbar window. Keep in mind that toolbar icons are merely shortcuts to the menu. Select any menu-item from the top-left to make the menu-commands appear underneath it. (Admittedly this grid is not an exact match of the main menu).  Selecting any of these commands and clicking Add places a new icon on your toolbar as a shortcut to that command. Accordingly you would re-create my 13 text-icons as follows (open up the King James Version to make the changes easier to see on the toolbar):

-  First create a text-and-image icon entitled Library to open up the MyLibrary index of books. At the top left select the menu-item “GO” and underneath “Go” select the command “Toggle My Library” and click Add. Click Details and, in the Name field shorten the text-name from “Toggle My Library” to just Library (capitalize the first letter alone).  In the Style field specify whether the icon-style will be pure text, a  colorful image, or an image plus text. Select “Image and Text.” Click OK just once to return to the Modify Toolbar Window.

- Next create a text-icon called “Bibles” to open the “Parallel Bibles” window from which you can open any particular Bible.  At the top left select “Bible” and underneath it “Parallel Bible Versions.” Click Add. Click Details and shorten the text-name from Parallel Bible Versions to simply Bibles. In the Style field select “Text Only.” Click OK.

- Next create an icon for opening the King James Version because it shows Strong’s Numbers.  At the top left select “Special.”  Underneath “Special” select “Open Resource” and click Add. To specify the KJV as the resource to open, click Details and look for the Resource field. Click Change to open the Select Resource index of books.  At the top choose Title to index the books by title, and type “King James Version” in the Find field or scroll down to find the KJV. Click the KJV to exit this index. In the Name field shorten the text-name from Open Resource to simply KJV. In the Style-field select “Text-only.” Click OK.

- Next create an icon for toggling Strong’s Numbers on and off. At the top left select “LLS” and underneath “LLS” select “Inline Strong’s Numbers.” Click Add, click Details, and in the Name field change the text-name from Inline Strong Numbers to simply Strong#. Select “Text Only” in the Style field. Click OK.

-  Next create an icon for searching the currently open book. This is  called “Basic-Search.” At the top left select “Search” and underneath it select “Basic Search” again. Click Add, click Details and, in the Name field, shorten the name from “Basic Search…” with periods to just Basic-Search (no periods). In the Style field select “Image and Text.” In the “Image” field click “Change” and wait for the matrix of available images to appear. Near the bottom you will see two magnifying glasses. Pick the one without the curly black arrow. Click OK just once.

- Next create an icon for searching the currently open Bible. This is  called “Bible Search.” At the top left select “Search” and underneath it select “Bible Search.” Click Add, click Details and, in the Name field, shorten the name from “Bible Search…” with periods to just Bible-Search (no periods). In the Style field select “Image and Text.” In the “Image” field click “Change” and wait for the matrix of available images to appear. Near the bottom you will see two magnifying glasses. Pick the one without the curly black arrow. Click OK just once.

- Next create an icon to vertically align (“tile”) the windows.  At the top left choose “Window” and underneath it select “Tile Vertically” and click Add. Click Details and, in the Name field, shorten the name from Tile Vertically to simply “Vert.”  In the Style field choose “Text Only” and click OK.

- Next create an icon to horizontally align the windows. At the top left select “Window” and underneath it select “Tile Horizontally.” Click Add. Click Details and shorten the name from Tile Horizontally to simply “Horiz.” In the Style field choose “Text Only.” Click OK.

- Next create an icon to cascade the windows. At the top left select “Window” and underneath it select “Cascade.” Click  Add. Click Details, shorten the name to “Casc,” and select “Text Only” in the Style field. Click OK.

- Next create an icon to duplicate the current window in case you ever want to open a second copy of the current book. At the top left select “Window” and underneath it “New Window.” Click Add. Click Details to shorten the name to “New.” Select “Text Only” in the Style field. Click OK.

- Create an icon to load workspaces (discussed below). At the top left select “File” and underneath it select “Load Workspace.” Click Add. Click Details and, in the Name field, replace the name “Load Workspace…...” with just Load (removing the periods). Click OK.

- Likewise create an icon to save workspaces. At the top left select “File” And underneath it select “Save Workspace.” Click Add. Click Details and, in the Name filed, replace the name “Save Workspace…..” with just Save. Click Ok.

-Next create an icon for defining keylinks.  At the top left select “Tools” and underneath it select “Keylink Options.” Click Add. Click Details to shorten the name to just Key.  Select “Text Only” in the Style field. Click Ok.

- Next create an icon for closing all the windows at once. At the top left select “Window” and underneath it “Close All.” Click Add, click Details, and select “Text Only.” Click OK.

- Next create an icon for closing only the current window. At the top left select “Window” and underneath it “Close.” Click Add, click Details, and select “Text Only.”

 - To change the order of icons on the toolbar, select any item from the same “Modify Toolbar” window and click “Move UP” or “Move Down” until the icon is desirably positioned.


[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




-Click the Library icon on the toolbar to display your books and double click the volume that you wish to read. When it opens in a window, expand it to full screen by clicking the restore square on the title bar at the top. Select View-ContentsPane to open the table of contents frame at the left. You can drag borders to expand the table of contents frame. You can click any chapter-title in the table of contents frame to jump there.  Some books have a page number field at the top where you can type in a page number to jump to it.

- Select View-LocatorPane to run a chapter-title bar across the top indicating the current chapter. For easier reading, you can temporarily hide the chapter-title bar and the table of contents frame by toggling the two icons at the top far right on the toolbar.

-Using the table of contents frame, you can easily jump from chapter to chapter. Find your way back by using the Back Button and Forward Button (left arrow and right arrow) on the toolbar. Quite different are the Next Button and Previous Button (down arrow and up arrow); these move to the next chapter or previous chapter in order of their natural numeric sequence (i.e. chap 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.), not in the order that you jumped. Each new window that you open is assigned in computer memory a fresh Back Button and Forward Button, as well as a fresh Next Button and Previous Button. You can use these fresh buttons to return, not to prior windows, but to chapters earlier jump-reached within the current window. The easiest way to return to the prior window is to close the present window. (One reason that you might have opened multiple windows is the tendency to open dictionaries, commentaries, Bibles, and search windows to shed light on text in the original window). Bookmarks also allow you to jump to prior windows. Libronix allocates a total of nine bookmarks. All nine are grayed out when you start. Choose Bookmark-Set to establish a bookmark, BookmarkClear to erase one, or BookmarkClearAll to erase all. To jump to a bookmark simply scroll to any of the nine displayed on the Bookmark menu.

- The Window menu offers at least two additional ways to reach a prior window. First it shows a list of every window currently open even if hidden in the background. Select any window on the list to return it to the foreground.  Secondly the Window menu has options for arranging the windows either diagonally or vertically or horizontally. Windows in diagonal are said to be “cascaded.” Click here for basic training on how to arrange the windows.

- Libronix version 2.0 offers yet another way to reach a prior window. For each open window it creates a clickable icon on the bottom of the screen. As we recall, earlier versions of Libronix lacked this feature.

- A book that scrolls automatically when you manually scroll another book is said to sync-scroll. Generally only Bibles and commentaries are intercompatible for sync-scrolling. The chainlink icon on the toolbar  is precisely for forcing certain windows to sync-scroll. Use it to mark each open window either A, B, or C. All windows marked A sync-scroll together (assuming they are intercompatible). Likewise all windows marked B sync-scroll together, and all windows marked C sync-scroll together. In other words you get to determine which windows sync-scroll by simply labeling them either A, B, or C.  You can actually watch them sync-scroll if you use the Window option to simultaneously display all the windows. (Note: One user reported that the King James Version (KJV) might not sync-scroll in Libronix 1.1a).

- Another way to view Bibles side by side is to choose from the main menu Tools-BibleTools-ParallelBibleVersions.  In the top field enter a verse reference such as John 3:16. If you see only one Bible version displayed but want to see several in parallel, move to the blank field for Version 2 and choose a second version from the drop down list. Then do the same for Version 3 and so on until Libronix displays as many versions as you like (assuming you bought several versions). You may have to click “Chapter” (and wait a good while) to see entire chapters displayed side by side.  You can even assign a permanent name to each such combination of Bibles by clicking Save, and then reload that combination later on by clicking Load.


[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




- Keylinks are books that automatically open up to comment on text clicked or right-clicked. Each type of clickable text – whether Greek Strong’s numbers, Hebrew Strong’s numbers, morphology numbers, verse-references such as Rom 10:17, or English text – can have a unique keylink or entire set of keylinks assigned to it (whereas Logos provided only one keylink per type of text). Suppose for example that an article in the Libronix Theological Journal Library on CD ROM references many Bible verses to prove its point. You might desire that several of your other books provide commentary on each verse clicked on. You can conveniently set up this strategy in advance at Tools-Options-Keylink-Keylinking. In the Data Type field select the type of clickable text that the books will comment on, in this case verse-references, so choose “Bible.” The lower pane will then show a list of books that Libronix is willing to open to comment on “Bible” (on verse-references). Naturally the first item in the list is the King James Version opened to display the verse clicked on. To provide further commentary on this verse, Libronix will open the number of books in the list that you specify in the field “Number of Windows to Open on a Keylink.” Let’s assume you changed the default of 1 to 4.   In order to provide commentary, then, Libronix will open the first four books on the list each time you click on a verse-reference – except that Libronix skips to the next book on the list if a certain book lacks commentary on the verse. You can also uncheck any book’s checkbox to force Libronix to always skip it.  Obviously the first book on the list has the highest priority; for instance the tenth book might never be opened since you only requested 4 windows. However, you can reassign priority to award the tenth book the status of first-on-the-list because the top window, initially empty, has the highest priority. You would simply select the tenth book and click “Promote” to list it in the upper window (the priority window). You can list any number of books in the priority window, and books at the top of the priority window always have the very highest priority.  You can click the Up and Down buttons to shift a particular book up or down one level in the priority list.

- After clicking on a verse, you can see which 4 books opened by selecting Window-TileVertically. You would now have a total of five windows open if we include the original journal article in the tally.

- Having assigned 4 keylinks to verse-references, you could now assign keylinks to other types of text. Lexicons will usually be the keylinks assigned to Strong’s Numbers. A Bible dictionary or Bible encyclopedia would be a suitable keylink assigned to English text.  A morphology codebook would be a standard keylink assigned to the morphology numbers located alongside the KJV’s Strong’s Numbers.

- The claim that clicking text activates keylinks requires some qualification. If the text is a hotspot (as are all verse-references), single-clicking activates the keylinks, but ordinary text requires double-clicking.  However, both double and single clicking can fail if you deselected the double-click option in Tools-Options-General-Interface and the single-click option in Tools-Options-Keylink-Display. You can still activate the keylinks by right-clicking on the text, however, and choosing “Selected Text” followed by “Execute Keylink.”

- Clicking or right-clicking opens the keylinks in ordinary windows, but mouse-hovering opens the primary keylink in a special yellow preview-window (but defaults to the secondary keylink, or tertiary if necessary, when the primary lacks relevant commentary).  Of course each type of text (whether Strong’s Number, verse-references, morphology codes, etc.) has its own unique set of keylinks and its own unique primary keylink. Completely deactivating this mouse-hovering option, therefore, entails individually doing so for each type of text (whether Strong’s Numbers, verse-references, etc). To begin this deactivation-process, specify one particular type of text such as “Bible” (=verse-references) in the Data Type field of the Keylink Window at Tools-Options-Keylink-Display.  Then deselect the “Preview Keylink” option in the field entitled “When the Mouse Hovers over a DataType.”  Repeat this process if so desired (but why?) for each type of text including Strong Numbers, morphology codes, etc.

- A final issue is this. The toolbar’s Reference-Target icon (or use the main-menu command Windows-ReferenceTarget) temporarily appoints the currently open book (the active window), until you close it, to be the primary keylink (except when irrelevant in commentary) and terminates the keylink of lowest priority to avoid exceeding your specified number of windows. (Mouse-hovering, unaffected by all of this, continues to display the real primary keylink in a yellow window).

 - Don’t forget the chain-link icon as an option for sync-scrolling books and thus similar in effect to keylinks.


[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




Obviously if you accumulated a thousand books on your hard drive, a word search could take too long and produce more hits than you have time to read. Consequently Libronix lets you set up mini-lists of books called collections. When conducting a word-search, simply tell Libronix which book collection to search. To set up a custom collection, choose Tools-DefineCollections. Libronix has already named some predefined collections for you. Moving your cursor to any collection should display its constitutive books in the “resources” subwindow underneath. Any empty collections can be deleted by clicking the Delete button. To add or remove books from an existing collection click Modify to open the add-remove window. Click OK when finished adding books to, or removing books from, the current collection. To set up a totally new collection click New to open the New Collection Window. Type a descriptive name for the collection in the Name field such as “All Theology Journals” or “All Commentaries.” Add as many journals or commentaries as you like (assuming you have purchased any) and click OK. You can begin word searching when you have finished setting up your custom collections.

- The search window has the option “Search All Open Resources.” In this case only those books currently open in their own windows will be searched, as an alternative to searching custom collections and predefined collections.

[Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 




-Most of the following search information is published online at this Logos Software page.

- Libronix considers your set of purchased Bibles a special collection of books separate and distinct from the other book collections. Consequently the Search menu distinguishes the option “Basic Search” (for regular collections) from the option “Bible Search” (for the Bible collection). A third option “Search-Search” merely defaults to the other two options; it defaults to “Bible Search” if a Bible is open or to “Basic Search” otherwise. Likewise the Search icon on the toolbar defaults to “Bible Search” if a Bible is open and “Basic Search” otherwise. (“Basic Search” is a misleading name because Libronix actually facilitates the most logically sophisticated searches conceivable).

- Bible Search can arrange hits either by Chapters or Verses, preferably Verses. To make Verses the default, simply do precisely such a search since Bible-Search retains the option chosen at the preceding search. For example do a Bible Search for the word Pentecost’ with the Verses-option selected in the Bible Search window.

- Libronix 2.0 has a fourth option on the Search menu entitled “Advanced Search.” Here you can access the new Graphical Query Editor if you want to formulate (express) search-requests mostly in images rather than words. However, the present writer is skeptical as to the benefits. Generally the old adage that a picture is worth a thousand words holds true only when the picture conveys far more than what the words can convey. In some cases it does not. For example the word SAVE on a toolbar is surely more intuitive than a colorful image designed to connote “save” because one can easily forget what each image signifies. The Graphical Query Editor will probably increase confusion for mot users.

 - A figure such as “637 occurrences” at the top of the screen is the final tally of search-hits even though the screen probably only lists the first hundred of these. If those 637 hits lie within only three chapters of the book searched, you will see three listings possibly arranged something like this:

(637 occurrences in 3 articles)

Chapter Five (200).

Chapter Eight (200).

Chapter Nine (237).


If you click on the first line (“Chapter Five”), Libronix opens that chapter to its first hit. Expect to see 200 hits highlighted in blue, another 200 in Chapter Eight, and 237 more in Chapter Nine (but probably only the first 100 at a time). Selecting  Window-TileVertical will vertically align the hit-list window with the book window to help you scroll them simultaneously. If you don’t care to split the screen, the alternative is to click any search hit to open up a full-screen window displaying the hit-containing chapter.  (Important: Sometimes the hit remains out of view above the screen until you scroll upwards slightly. Generally the hits will be highlighted in blue). When you are finished examining the chapter, simply close its window. Doing so will automatically reload the hit-list full-screen where you can access the remaining hits. A yellow highlight on the hit-list identifies the hit last examined. 

- One of the easiest ways to begin a search is to click MyLibrary to display your books, then right-click a particular book and choose “Search this Resource.”

- If you type multiple English words in the search field Libronix presumes the OR operator between them. Thus the three words Jesus God Christ pulls up every chapter in the Active Collection of books that contains at least one of the three terms whether Jesus OR God OR Christ. If you want to search for an entire phrase instead of individual words, you have to enclose the phrase in quotes to prevent Libronix from presuming the OR operator between the words. Enclosing the earlier sequence “Jesus God Christ” in quotes probably would return zero results because Libronix would look for that exact phrase so uncommon. If you type in two phrases enclosed within quotes such as “Jesus Christ” “Almighty God,” here again the default operator is OR, that is to say, Libronix will find chapters with either the phrase “Jesus Christ” OR the phrase “Almighty God” or both phrases. You can use a different operator such as “Jesus Christ” AND “Almighty God” which only finds chapters containing both phrases. You need quotes only for phrases, not for single words. Thus  metaphysics AND knowledge is a valid request that finds chapters with both “metaphysics” and “knowledge.”

- The Go-menu features the Topic Browser and the Reference Browser for topic searches and reference searches but does not provide a final tally and fails to color-highlight the hits for easy finding. You can manually reproduce these same types of searches on the command line (the search field) as explained below.  This is advantageous because Libronix usually tallies and color-highlights any hits generated from a command-line search. In other words you should have little need for the Go menu.

-Keywords that you want to search for will appear in red as you type them into the command line if currently invalid, misspelled, or incomplete. Fixing and completing your keywords will automatically convert the red text to black text on the command line.

-Libronix retained Logos’ TOPIC search. This important type of search reports each chapter in the Active Collection of books that contains your desired topic of study in its very title and is therefore likely to discuss your topic in detail. For example TOPIC(tongues) would return hits such as “Chapter 5: How Pentecostals Understand Tongues.” Adding the asterisk-wildcard (*) can increase the hits – TOPIC(tongues*). You can specify within the “IN” field which collection of books will be Active for the search. 

- In many verse-search engines including Libronix a question mark (?) serves as a single-character wildcard. It does not find multiple characters. For example the keyword ?ead would find lead, read, and head but not multiple-character additions such as bread or mislead. You can adapt the question mark to multiple characters by using two questions marks to find two-character additions, three question marks to find three-character additions, and so on. Thus ????ead would find mislead, misread, and instead.

- An asterisk (*) is a wildcard totally indifferent to the number of characters attached to the base. Thus *read would find bread, unread, misread, and proofread. Similarly read* would find reads, reader, readers, reading, readings, and readership. A double wildcard such as *read* would find both these sets of hits.

- The Logos Reference Search took the form REF(Rom 10:17) and returned every instance where the Active Collection of books mentioned this verse or mentioned a surrounding passage containing this verse. In Libronix the syntax for this same type of search is now:

Bible in “Rom 10:17” (where “in” means intersect). This is a command translated “Find all Bible references that intersect Rom 10:17 (either equal or contain Rom 10:17). If you would prefer only “equal Rom 10:17” and thus exclude passages that merely “contain” that verse, type

Bible = “Rom 10:17”

which means “Find all Bible references equal to Rom 10:17.”

- Libronix has an invisible catalogue of what it (prejudicially) deems “valid roots” and “valid suffixes.” If Libronix considers your keyword an invalid root, the search yields zero hits. If Libronix regards your keyword as a valid root or as containing a valid root, it pulls up all pre-catalogued suffixes attachable to that root (but no prefixes). Consequently “Holi” pulled up both “holy” and “holiness” whereas “powe” – apparently an invalid root in Libronix’s opinion – returned no hits at all, neither “power” nor “powers” nor “powerful.” Powerful” returned both “power” and “powers.” “Contention” pulled up  “contentment” and “content.”  “Glori” pulled up “glory” but not “glorified.” “Glorifi” pulls up both “glorify” and “glorified” but not “glory.” All of this is quite different than Logos whose default is exact matches (where “exact” does not demand identical capitalization and accent marks).  Libronix’s NOSTEM operator does away with prefixes and suffixes; it works precisely like Logos by finding exact matches indifferent to capital letters and accent marks. Thus NOSTEM(powerful) only pulls up “powerful.”  It does not return power, powers, and powered.

- The CASE operator and the MARKS operator are founded on the same principle as NOSTEM (i.e. exact matches) but add a further restriction to the hits. CASE demands symmetry in upper-case and lower-case letters; each match will have identical capitalization (but need not have identical accent marks) MARKS dictates that each hit have the same accent marks as the keyword. Finally, the WordsOfChrist operator searches only Christ’s statements.

- Each added operator imposes an additional restriction upon the hits. Thus WordsOfChrist CASE MARKS (Keyword) searches Christ’s statements for a keyword-match identical in both accent marks and capitalization. However, typing it so would cause Libronix to search for the word “CASE” and the word “WordsOfChrist.”  Accordingly the special syntax invented for adding an operator is nesting. You would write the above command thus,


The sequence of nesting is probably irrelevant because each added restriction will eventually take its toll. 

- These Libronix operators probably fail on books not tagged with them. This might especially be a problem for old Logos books. You can download Libronix versions of Logos books at Often you can see some of the tags applied to a particular book by right-clicking its listing in the MyLibrary index and selecting “About This Resource.”

-The King James Version, also known as the Authorized Version, displays Strong’s Numbers if View-InlineStrong’sNumbers is selected from the main menu. In the search field you can literally type the command StrongsHebrew=number to tally a certain Hebrew word in Scripture, or GreekStrongs=number to tally a certain Greek word in Scripture. For example StrongsHebrew=6963 yields 519 hits because the Hebrew word for “voice” (6963) occurs approximately 519 times in the Old Testament.  You can add the operator ANDEQUALS to create a concordance search because it reports how many times a given Strong’s Number (such as Greek 1411=dunamis) coincides with a particular English translation that you specify such as “power.” Thus typing in GreekStrongs=1411 ANDEQUALS power pulls up 77 hits (which includes suffixes such as “powers”). Thus on 77 occasions the KJV uses the English word “power” (plus or minus any pre-catalogued suffix) to translate “dunamis.” Likewise the NOTEQUALS operator reports how many times a given Strong’s Number does not coincide with a specified English tranlsation. Thus typing in GreekStrongs=1411 NOTEQUALS power pulls up 49 hits. To summarize these last two results, the Greek word dunamis (1411) is translated “power” in the KJV 77 times and something other than “power” another 49 times for a total of 126 occurrences in the Greek. Do not expect perfection in Bible programs, however, because at least 5 of the 49 “hits” were apparently errors yielding a corrected total of 121. Note that the E-sword verse-search engine,  unlike Libronix, features the rare but handy King James Concordance defined as a pre-recorded tabulation of all such concordance-searches.

- Do not confuse the NOTEQUALS operator with the ANDNOT operator. The NOTEQUALS operator takes two totally different types of elements – apples versus oranges, for example Strong’s Numbers versus English words  – to see where they happen to coincide in the text.   The ANDNOT operator deals with like elements – apples and apples, for example English words and English words.  Thus the search for God ANDNOT love pulls up all the chapters that mention God without mentioning love.

  - Incidentally another way to tally a Strong’s Number is to open the King James Version, right-click any Strong’s Number such as 6963, and choose “Selected Reference H6963” followed by “Speed Search this Resource.”

- You can perform searches on actual Greek or Hebrew words pasted from a book (use control-C to copy and control-V to paste) or typed from your keyboard onto the command line (right-click on the keyboard-icon at the bottom right of your screen to make your keyboard type Greek or Hebrew text).  This type of search seems to also pull up English letters or words coinciding on the keyboard with the Greek and Hebrew keystrokes. 

-If you want to look up in a lexicon the definition of a Greek or Hebrew word encountered in a book without Strong’s Numbers, first paste the word onto the command line. Then preface the word with the LEMMA operator (lemma means root) because lexicons are dictionaries itemized by roots. Thus LEMMA(keyword in Greek) tells Libronix to determine the root. Finally, use the “In” field (the search-in field) to designate your lexicons as the Active Collection of books to be searched (assuming you purchased some lexicons). Libronix will look up the Greek or Hebrew word in the lexicons as though you knew the Strong’s Number all the while. 

    Libronix retained most of the other Logos operators as follows.

-XOR finds chapters with either A or B but rejects chapters with both A and B. Thus metaphysics XOR knowledge finds chapters with metaphysics and chapters with knowledge but not chapters with both metaphysics and knowledge.

- Now for proximity searches. Libronix  substituted the BEFORE (character) operator for Logos’ BEFOREWORD operator. Thus “Jesus BEFORE 5 messiah” (typed without quotation marks) will find every chapter in a book where Jesus appears within five characters before messiah. Similarly Jesus AFTER 10 messiah will find every chapter where Jesus appears within ten characters after messiah.  WITHIN checks before and after simultaneously, that is to say, it finds words in the specified proximity regardless of whether they are before or after. Thus Jesus WITHIN 20 messiah finds every chapter where Jesus appears within 20 characters of messiah whether before or after. Apparently Libronix did not inherit from Logos the BEFOREVERSE, AFTERVERSE, and WITHINVERSE proximity operators for Bible searches. Nor did we see character class options as found in Logos, which function as an unusual form of wildcard searching (see the second section of our three sections on Logos searching).

- Incidentally, here’s how to make your keyboard type Greek and Hebrew characters.

 [Below is more help for Libronix or  Back to Table of Contents] 





- Galaxie Software admitted that Libronix has difficulty printing. It tends to print only a single page or a few pages even when a large page-range is specified. Your best bet is to paste the text into a word-processor such as Easy Word  (free) and then print from there. Our initial Libronix installation was too clunky to paste text without a Libronix-freeze-up but has since pasted 50-100 pages at a time. Try the following method of pasting text. First, use the mouse to highlight the first sentence. Then set the mouse aside. Next, use the page-down key to reach the desired endpoint. Then grab the mouse again and click the endpoint while depressing the shift key. This should expand the highlight from the first sentence to the endpoint. You can then choose Edit-Copy or control-C or right-click plus Copy followed by Edit-Paste or right-click plus Paste or control-V.

 - Prior to Libronix, Logos’ solution for printing was a convenient Export command that created a word-processing file comprised of chapters that users selected from their Logos books. Libronix retained the Export command only superficially and ineffectively. Pasting is the only way to fly in Libronix.


[End of Help for Libronix.  Back to Table of Contents] 





-Obviously the easiest way to bring a window into focus is to expand it to full screen. Click the maximize button to toggle a given window back and forth between full-screen size and partial size.

- The mouse can grab any window by its title bar and drag it anywhere across the screen. You can also expand any window by dragging one of its borders.  If two windows border one another, however, which of the two adjacent borders will be dragged? First priority belongs to the active window. The active window has a bright blue title-bar whereas the other windows are somewhat grayed out. Which border will be dragged if neither of the two windows is the active window? You will have to click one of the two windows to make it active. The mouse will then drag the border of the active window.

-Two important commands on the Window Menu - Tile Horizontal and Tile Vertical - actually do neither if four or more windows are open but instead behave identically, dividing the screen into squares just like a checkerboard.  Even this altered functionality is valuable, however, in that it still returns any background window to the forefront.

 - Suppose you have fifteen windows open but want to temporarily fill the entire screen with only two of them standing vertically. Select Windows-Cascade to see the title-bars. Grab one of the two windows by the title-bar and move it to the right side of the screen. (That way you can still see the titles at the left). Drag its borders until it fills the right-hand half of the screen.  Then click the other window and adjust it to fill the left-hand half of the screen.

- (Incidentally, if you drag the borders so as to overlap the two windows, both of them can simultaneously be almost full-screen - “almost” because you must leave a little room for the mouse pointer at opposite ends of the screen in order to click-activate the two windows alternately).

- Keep in mind that arranging windows only becomes a problem when four or more windows are open. If you intend to be a hardcore Libronix user who regularly works with that many windows, consider downloading Andrew McKenzie’s toolbar.  It has about fifty icons for instantly repositioning and resizing the active window. Chances are, however, that even most hardcore users only need to fill the screen with two of the open windows. Hence we will train you only on the first four icons (whereby the rest will be self-explanatory anyway).


             Using Andrew McKenzie’s Toolbar


-The first four icons on McKenzie’s toolbar cooperate to fill the screen with any two open windows. Each of the fifty icons only affects the active window; none of the other windows will be altered. Therefore your first step is to click (activate) one of the two open windows chosen as candidates to fill the screen. Each icon pictures the active window’s new position after clicking the icon.  Each icon looks like the screen divided into white-painted horizontal or vertical panes except that each such “screen” has a blue pane representing the active window. The first four icons only have two panes apiece, one white and one blue. Both panes are vertical in the first and second icons, the difference being that the first icon has its blue pane to the left, and the second icon to the right. Clicking the first icon will vertically fill the left half of the screen with the active window. Afterwards click the second window to make it active, and click the second icon to vertically fill the right half of the screen with the second window. The screen is now full.

- Icons three and four have two horizontal panes apiece, with the blue pane on the top of the third icon and at the bottom of the fourth icon. Click one of the two windows to make it active.  Click the third icon to horizontally fill the top half of the screen with the active window.  Now click the second window to make it active. Click the fourth icon to horizontally fill the bottom half of the screen with the second window. The screen is now full.

- My toolbar has 19 icons including four icons leftover from deleting about forty-six of Mckenzie’s icons. You can download his 50-icon toolbar at his website entitled Automation-X at:

Then follow our toolbar-installation instructions. To avoid clutter either delete some of the fifty or push them offscreen.  Be forewarned of a possible programming conflict that might prevent Libronix from permitting two toolbars with McKenzie-style icons. Incidentally he also offers a second toolbar entitled AjdustWindows.lbxctb that can repeatedly shrink the active window to ½ or 1/3 of its current size until invisible. Such finesse is surely overkill for beginners, however.






-Place your Logos CD in the CD-Rom drive and wait for the automatic-install menu to pop up. If it does not, open the MyComputer icon on the desktop and click the CD-Rom drive icon to display the files. Click the Setup file to install the program. If this is your second or later logos CD you might get a question asking if you want to overwrite a certain file. It seemed safe to answer “No.” After installation you will see a window showing a colorful icon named after your Logos CD title. Right-click on it and choose copy. Then right click on the desktop and choose paste. If you forget to do this, you can still do it later as follows. From the Desktop choose Start-Programs and select your Logos title from the list of programs (eg. “E4 Bible Study Library” or “Galaxie Software”) from the submenu of programs that now appears choose the colorful icon but don’t let go of the mouse button (the left button). Simultaneously right-click on the colorful icon and choose Copy. Escape out of the submenu, go to the desktop and right-click and choose paste. This won’t work in Windows 95, in which case note the title of the colorful icon and then do a search for it as follows. Go to the Desktop and choose Start-Find-FilesOrFolders and type the title in the search-field; make sure the C-Drive (the hard drive) is selected as the drive to be searched. Make sure to checkmark the box labeled “Include Subdirectories in search” if that option appears. When the colorful icon is found in the search, right-click on it and choose Copy. Then right-click on the Desktop and choose paste. You will then have a colorful icon on your Desktop.

[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




- You will probably want to copy the books from the CD-Rom to your hard drive for faster searching.  Select Tools-Librarian from the Logos menu. The Librarian Move/Copy now window appears with a list of books on the CD drive. The first book on the list should already be highlighted, but mouse-click it anyway to relocate the mouse-pointer there. Hold down the Shift Key and simultaneously arrow down so as to highlight the entire list. (Don’t be afraid to re-highlight books already copied in previous installations).  Then click on copy. A small Librarian-Copy window appears with three yellow folder-icons named C, Logos20, and Books. The second folder (C) will be highlighted, but that is probably not where you should copy the books. Instead mouse-click the folder Books to select it and then click it a second time to open it. (You will see the yellow folder open). Then choose okay to begin copying the books. You will see a little window appear each time a book is copying. The next step is the final step.

- You will be unable to copy books that fail to display. Make sure that you started up the correct Logos program since every CD installs a fresh instance of Logos. Go to Start-Programs and select the correct instance of Logos. If that fails, reinstall the CD to make the books display.

- IMPORTANT: Make sure you delete any LRSPCH.DAT files.  To find them, go to the Desktop and choose Start-Search-FilesOrFolders or Start-Find-FilesOrFolders and type LRSPCH in the search-field. Make sure the C-Drive (the hard drive) is selected as the drive to be searched. Make sure to checkmark the box labeled “Include Subdirectories in search” if that option appears. Select any LRSPCH.DAT files found in the search and hit the delete key or right-click and choose delete. (This type of file commands Logos to build the list of books from the CD in the CD-ROM drive, whereas you are trying to set up Logos to instead display the books on the hard drive).

- If you have any more Logos CDs, repeat the above steps, starting all the way from the beginning where you first install the software. In other words act as though each CD were your first Logos CD ever installed on your computer. You will end up with more than one colorful icon on the Desktop but, after the installation, any of them should display the whole list of books. Just save one colorful icon and delete the rest from the Desktop.  One reason the copying is so important is that Logos refuses to even itemize uncopied books unless the CD is in the drive.

- You will not need your CD anymore if all goes well. If  at startup Logos still asks you for the CD just click “ignore” after checkmarking “Don’t ask me for it again.”


[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]





- When the program first starts up, the vertical window on the left side that lists all your books is called the Library Browser. Get well acquainted with the Library Browser because smaller versions of it reappear in any menu that calls for selecting books or chapters. Library Browser is one of the few windows without a clickable restore square on its title bar for expansion to full screen. You have to drag its borders to expand it. Often you’ll grab the wrong border and thereby shrink the main program window.

- The Library Browser condenses your booklist into categories but starts out in somewhat of an expanded form.  As a beginner you might wish to condense the visual hierarchy for easier viewing. The main categories are marked with a blue icon shaped like a filing cabinet drawer with folders. (Important note: Notice the identical filing cabinet icon at the top left of the main program window, enabling you to open and close the Library Browser at whim – an extremely valuable shortcut, but you can also choose View-LibraryBrowser to open and close the browser).   Clicking on these filing cabinet icons condenses the booklist by hiding all the individual books to show only the main categories such as Bibles, History, Periodicals, Catechisms, Creeds, Commentaries, Sermons, Christian Living, Theology, etc. Condensing is especially valuable when the booklist becomes too long to fit into the window.

-At the top of the Library Browser is a toolbar consisting of six icons. They are a total waste of time because they merely duplicate functions easier to access with the mouse. Here Logos should have provided an icon for shrinking the book list down to its condensed categories, but alas no. As it stands, the quickest way to condense the list is to work from the top down. Condensing the first item draws up the second right underneath it. Condensing the second draws up the third right underneath it. And so on.

-Ready to open a book in the Library Browser? Click on the filing cabinet icons to expand them. Keep clicking deeper into the nested levels until no more expansion occurs. The final click will open up a window displaying the chapter or section last clicked.  You won’t see it open, however, if you accidentally pushed the main program window off the screen or shrunk it too much. Close the Library Browser and find the main program window, clicking its restore-square to fill the screen for easy reading. (Always close the Library Browser when not in use because it gets in the way. You can always click the top left icon to reopen it).

- VERY IMPORTANT: Click the capital letter “A” on the toolbar to enlarge the font size for easy reading.

-Note that even the Logos help files can be opened from the Library Browser; in fact we had trouble opening them from the Help menu.

- The option to turn on Strong’s numbers appears on the View  menu only when a numbered Bible window such as the King James Version is open. Strong’s Numbers, morphology numbers, and the words of Christ are difficult to distinguish if all are in red.  You need to create at least one color contrast. Choose Edit-Preferences and select the General Tab. The Color field is actually a small paragraph of text. In that paragraph click on the word “hotspot” to change the color of Strong’s Numbers to brown.  You might also want to click on “Bible References” to change verse-references such as Rom 10:17 from blue to green since search-hits are already blue.

- Set your default Bible to the King James Version (since it contains Strong’s Numbers) by going to Edit-Preferences, clicking the General Tab, and selecting King James Version  in the Preferred Bible field.

-The main toolbar is very useful. Pausing your mouse pointer over each icon reveals its purpose in a yellow window unless the option Show Popup Toolbar Tips is uncheckmarked in Edit-Preferences-ToolbarTAb.  Failing to check this box also disabled the option on the Help menu to pull up a user manual.

-It is convenient to carry over the previous day’s bookmarks and window settings. To do this choose Edit-Preferences-Startup. Checkmark both  “AutosaveWorkspace” and “LoadWorkSpace on Startup.”

- You should create an icon to the toolbar for quickly opening a bible. To do this, go to Edit-Preferences-Toolbar. Start with a clean slate by selecting every named toolbar (if more than one is named) and clicking delete. When there is one left click Customize. On the right hand side of the Customize Toolbar window, first highlight, and then click Remove, for each of the following icons to be removed:

Print (Ctrl+P)

Topic Browser

The Bookmark icons (typically there are five of them).


In fact you should remove all icons but the following eight:

(1) Library Browser.  (2) Search (3)  History (4) History (5) A-Smaller text (6) A-Larger Text (7) Tile Horizontally (8) Tile Vertically (9) Cascade. 

Several icons are irremovable. On the lefthand side of the same Customize Toolbar window, scroll down to find the red-Bible icon that stands for “New Bible Window.” Select it and click Add to put it on the toolbar. Close out the windows by clicking Close and OK. You will now be able to open the King James Version by simply clicking the red icon on your toolbar.  



[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]





- The Library Browser is like a huge table of contents. The toolbar actually has two icons for reopening it. The icon at the top left re-opens it to its previous position when last closed. The other icon opens it to your current chapter in case you forgot which chapter you are presently in.

- Logos numbered the pages of some books but not others. If a book  does not have page numbers, navigating it is a matter either of scrolling the window or using the Library Browser as the table of contents. Alternatively, mouse-clicking directly above or below the vertically sliding scroll button at the right-hand side will move you exactly one page up or down.

-Those books with page numbering have a page number field along the top left. Actually commentaries and Bibles have inside their field not page numbers but verse numbers utilized as a makeshift page-numbering system. At any moment feel free to type into this field a different verse number or page number to jump to that location. There are several ways to find your way back to a given starting point no matter how many times you jumped. Closing the current window will automatically return you to the immediately preceding window. The Back Button appearing as a black squiggly arrow on the toolbar also jumps you to each preceding window.  Now as to why a programmer would design a Back Button without a corresponding Forward Button is an unsolved mystery.  To the left of the Back Button, fortunately, is an icon almost as convenient as a Forward Button, namely, a History icon opening to a window displaying all previous jumps. Click on any listing to jump back to that point. You can also reach the History menu from the Bookmark menu.

- Another way to jump to a prior window is to set a maximum of ten bookmarks as you browse. Choose Bookmark-Set to establish a bookmark, BookmarkClear to erase one, or BookmarkClearAll to erase all. To jump to a bookmark simply scroll to any one of the nine bookmarks displayed on the Bookmark menu.

-Another way to jump to previous windows is to put them within easy reach by cascading them either by clicking the cascade icon at the top right (it looks just like cascaded windows) or by using the Window-cascade menu option. You can also situate two windows side by side for simultaneous viewing by clicking the tile-vertical toolbar icon (it looks just like two adjacent windows) or by using the Window-TileVertically menu option. Click here for more information on arranging windows.

- Logos hyperlinks every bible verse referenced by each author. Therefore clicking on a reference such as John 3:16 in a journal, book, or bible dictionary opens a Bible window to display the verse.

- The tool bar will have either one or two sets of left-right arrow icon pairs. These arrow-icons are Bible scrollers should you happen to have a Bible window open. The first pair moves forward or back a whole book of the Bible. The second pair moves forward or back a whole chapter of the Bible. These arrows also appear in any commentary window if the commentary is indexed by biblical chapter and verse. In fact any open book of any kind will have a pair of arrows for scrolling chapter headings.

- Two windows will sync-scroll if they are linked by means of the chainlink icon on each window’s toolbar. To make each of the open windows sync-scroll, use the chainlink menu to mark each one with a label whether A, B, or C. All windows marked A sync-scroll together (assuming the two are compatible for this purpose). All windows marked B sync-scroll together. All windows marked C sync-scroll together. The chainlink menu also has an option for removing the A-B-C labels. To watch two windows sync-scroll, choose Window-TileVertically or click the tile icon on the toolbar.

-Clicking on a footnote number opens a pop-window displaying the footnote. The window is often too small. Drag its borders to expand it. Next time it should automatically open in expanded mode.

- To see a book’s author and publishing date choose Tools-ViewCatalogueCards.

- If you see a tiny blue Bible-icon at the top left of the screen, it is for Dynamic Verse Insertion, a relatively unhelpful, insignificant method of copying verses of Scripture into word processors. To remove this annoying icon, go to Edit-Preferences, click the DDE/DVI tab, uncheck the box “Dynamic Verse Insertion (DVI) Active,” and click OK.


[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]





-Logos allows you to group any desired assortment of books under category names specified by you. Each such collection can be word-searched independently of the other books. Logos predefines several collections for you, some removable and others permanent. One may safely delete all of Logos’ removable collections prior to creating his or her own. Choosing Edit-PresetSearchRanges opens the collections window entitled “Define Preset Ranges.”

- To create a collection choose Add. In the Name field type a description for the collection such as “ALL THEOLOGICAL JOURNALS.”  You will see a miniature Library Browser below this Name field. Highlight any book or category of books that you want added to the collection.  Click Add after highlighting each selection and click OK when finished. You can incorporate into the collection entire Library Browser categories such as “Commentaries” or “Periodicals” or “History.” In fact if you have ten history books individually highlighted but then choose the whole category History, your list shrinks from ten items to “History.” (Some of Logos’ own predefined collections are precisely such an entire category either renamed or under the same name). Later you can go back and click Change to alter the new collection or rename it. 

-It is valuable to memorize at least one method of brining up the search window. Either choose Edit-Search or click the magnifying glass on the tool bar.  In the search window, “More” displays more search options than “Less” mode. Toggle the More/Less button on and off to see the two sets of options. The option for choosing which collection to search is called Books and appears in both modes but, oddly enough, shows up on the lefthand side of the search window in Less mode, and on the righthand side, under the Options Tab, in More mode. Click the drop-down arrow in the Books option to see the titles of the collections. The collection that you select will be the only one that Logos will word-search.  Choosing the (irremovable) collection “All Books” tells Logos to search everything in your library.

-One of Logos’ four irremovable collections is named “Special.” Its roster of books can change with each search. The default roster is the previous roster. There are at least two ways to change the Special roster. One is to click the tiny book-shaped icon next to the drop-down list of collections, thereby opening another small Library Browser where you can highlight categories or books to add to the Special collection. Another way to define Special is to right-click a single book or category in the master Library Browser and choose Search.

- The Verse Range option in the Search Window remains inaccessibly grayed out until you choose to search a collection containing Bibles. Only then may you venture into the Verse Range field to specify which chapters of the Bible are to be included in Logos’ search of your collection. Opting for a limited range of verses causes the word “special” to appear in the Verse Range field. This usage of the term special is not related to the Special collection.

- Anytime you reopen the search window for a new search, the parameters that you selected for the previous search are preselected. To clear this residue click the Reset button in the search window – a valuable tool since you probably won’t remember the whole complex of previous parameters must be deselected whenever you embark upon an entirely different kind of search.


See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




Click the magnifying glass to bring up the search window. Toggle the More/Less button to get the simpler version of this search window. Available in the Search Type field are three types of searches, namely Concordance, Phrase, and Topic. Concordance is the default, and rightly so because it is flexible enough to permit all types of searches, whereas Phrase and Topic do not allow Boolean operators. Hence the remainder of our study of Logos will assume that only Concordance-mode is ever used. Admittedly Phrase-mode alone accesses slow-search mode (=deactivated fast mode) and capital letter sensitivity (case sensitivity), but few users need these two special options. To see these two special options toggle the More button and click the Options Tab. Slow-searching slightly shrinks the search-results list by disqualifying phrases containing embedded punctuation (that’s why choosing slow-searching automatically uncheckmarks “ignore punctuation”). Thus “Praise Jesus; Christ is Lord” might qualify in fast searching as containing the phrase “Jesus Christ” but not in slow searching due to the embedded punctuation which uses a semicolon (“;”) to separate Jesus from Christ.

- A third checkmarkable option in the Options Tab, entitled “include non-Bible” text, causes Logos when searching a Bible to include the translator’s introduction and footnotes in the search. Most people have no use for such an option.  A fourth checkmarkable option, probably the only one of real concern, is “Show hits in context” (you may have to scroll down to see it). This changes the appearance of the search-results list to display the entire sentence in which a hit was found. Users are here advised to either checkmark this option or utilize the toolbar icon that does the same thing. In fact this option even shows up the Edit menu if you just conducted a search.

 -To search for a single keyword, simply type it into the search window and click search. Logos assumes that you only want exact matches of your keyword. You can indicate otherwise by using asterisks as wildcards. Thus roll* pulls up roll, rolls, roller, and rolling. The double wildcard *roll* does the same but adds to the list scrolls, trolls, trolley, controlling, controllers, enrolling, etc. A wildcard in the middle of a word can be used if you are not sure how many letters the word contains. Thus p*ology would pull up psychology, physiology, and pharmacology. (Note: if a wildcard is pulling up more words than you want, uncheck “show all wildcards” in the Options Tab so that next time the “Choose Wildcard Matches” window appears to let you choose exactly which keywords to pull up). If you know how many letters a word contains, you can use the question mark as a single-character wildcard. Thus ?sychology would pull up psychology but not parapsychology. Logos will never do a wildcard search unless you manually type a wildcard somewhere in the keyword, no matter which options you have checked or unchecked.

-To search for a phrase add the two-letter prefix PH plus parentheses, for example ph(god is love). Here again Logos assumes that you want an exact match. You can add Boolean operators (but not wildcards), for example ph(god is love) OR ph(earth is my footstool). The key is to use plenty of nested parentheses to clarify exactly what is to be searched out.

-Search results displays a separate line for every hit. Suppose the results screen says “forty hits total in 2 articles.” The first article “Hermeneutics Today” is only listed once. The second article “Dogmatic Dispensationalism” is listed thirty nine times. Therefore only one hit was found in the first article and thirty-nine in the second.

- If you get no search results, make sure that you didn’t accidentally select a foreign language such as Greek or Hebrew. The language field needs to display “English” under normal circumstances.  The language field has a drop-down menu for easily specifying English or another language. Or simply click the Reset button in the search window to restore all the defaults including English.

[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




- Logos supports standard Boolean operators such as AND, OR, and ANDNOT (=not) along with several advanced ones as follows.

-XOR finds texts with either A or B but not both. Thus metaphysics XOR knowledge finds chapters with “metaphysics” and chapters with “knowledge” but not chapters with both “metaphysics” and “knowledge.”

- ANDEQUALS functions as a concordance by reporting how many times a given Strong’s Number coincides with an English word that you specify. First you need to warn Logos that the number that you intend to type in is a Strong’s Number rather than a meaningless number. Apprise Logos of this fact by selecting “Hebrew Strong’s Numbers” or “Greek Strong’s Numbers” from the drop-down list of languages. Then type in the number such as 6963. Logos now understands that this is a Strong’s Number.  Next convert from Strong’s mode back to English mode by choosing English from the same drop-down languages menu. Then type the rest of the query so it reads like this: 6963 ANDEQUALS voice. The result on the KJV is 381 hits. That means the Hebrew word qowl (whose number is 6963) is translated “voice” only 381 times in the KJV (out of some 500 total instances).  Likewise the NOTEQUALS operator reports how many times a given Strong’s Number does not coincide with an English word that you specify. Thus 6963 NOTEQUAL voice (assuming you reminded Logos that 6963 is a Strong’s Number) yields 125 hits. To summarize the results, the Hebrew word qowl (6963) is translated “voice” some 381 times in the KJV and something other than “voice” some 125 times for a total of 506 instances. Note that the handy King James Concordance of the free E-sword verse-search engine  foresaw and pre-catalogued all such searches to save you time and effort.

-By the way, do not confuse the NOTEQUALS operator with the ANDNOT operator. The NOTEQUALS operator takes two totally different types of elements – apples versus oranges, that is, Strong’s Numbers versus English words  – to see where they happen to coincide in the text.   The ANDNOT operator deals with like elements – apples and apples, that is, English words and English words.  Thus the search for God ANDNOT love pulls up all the chapters that mention God without mentioning love.

- You can also right-click on any Strong’s Number in the King James Version (choose View-InlineStrong’s to display the numbers) and choose “Speed Search” to tally that Greek  or Hebrew word in the Bible.

-WITHINWORD finds all instances where two given words appear close to each other. How close? You specify. For instance Jesus WITHINWORD 3 messiah finds every chapter where Jesus and messiah appear within three words of each other. This is also called a proximity search. BEFOREWORD is a virtually identical proximity operator except for dictating that Jesus show up before messiah to qualify.  Thus Jesus BEFOREWORD 3 messiah will find every chapter where Jesus appears 3 or less words before messiah such as “Jesus the messiah.” Similarly AFTERWORD dictates that Jesus show up after messiah to qualify. Thus Jesus AFTERWORD 3 messiah finds every chapter where Jesus appears within the next three words occurring after messiah such as “the messiah eternal Christ Jesus.”  These proximity operators function identically in Bibles and non-Bibles.  Three additional proximity operators only work in Bibles, however, namely BEFOREVERSE, AFTERVERSE, AND WITHINVERSE. These operators also tally occasions where two words are close to each other, in this case within a certain number of verses away. Thus Jesus BEFOREVERSE 3 messiah finds every verse containing Jesus that is 3 or less verses before a verse containing messiah. Jesus AFTERVERSE 3 messiah finds every verse containing Jesus that is 3 or less verses after a verse containing messiah. Finally Jesus WITHINVERSE 3 messiah finds every verse containing Jesus three or less verses away from – either before or after – a verse containing messiah. 

- For your convenience the Boolean operators are listed in the Operators TAb of the search window.

- It is probably good idea to save a copy of your search formulae in a word processor as you work. There you can edit them easily and then copy and paste them directly into the search window. This circumvents having to retype complex queries such as (holy OR godly OR PH(pure and chaste)) AND (person OR PH(righteous saint) OR believer). Logos temporarily stores previous search queries for easy retrieval but erases them when the program is shut down. To see previous queries click the triple magnifying glass under the More/Less button in the search window.

-Very similar to wildcards is a feature called character classes. Where a wild card pulls up any character, character classes let’s you limit the possibilities to a set of characters specified by you. Thus [blr]ead would pull up all instances of bead, lead, and read but  not head. Conversely you can use a caret (^) or an exclamation point to specify which  possibilities will not be accepted such as in [!blr]ead or [^blr]ead. In this case head would be pulled up instead of bead, lead, and read. You can use a hyphen if there are too many possibilities to list manually within the brackets. For example 19[00-99] would search for all years of that century. These ranges are case sensitive apparently. Thus [A-Z] would include capital letters but not lower case.

[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




This discussion demonstrates that the main search window can be configured to output the same search results displayed in the three supplementary browser windows, namely the Topic Browser (T), the Reference Browser (R), and the Word Browser (W). All three windows can be opened either from the T-R-W toolbar icons or from  the View menu. (Actually you deleted the toolbars icons per our earlier instructions).

- Suppose you are searching for the term regeneration. You could find plenty of chapters that mention regeneration, but you might aspire to find chapters created specifically for that topic, that is, chapters containing “regeneration” in the title. A topic search checks chapter titles for a single keyword such as regeneration (but unfortunately does not check for an entire phrase such Holy Spirit). The syntax is similar to using PH for phrases except use TOPIC or TOP. Thus performing a search on TOPIC(spirit) would find all chapter titles in the current collection containing spirit such as, “The Role of the Holy Spirit in Conversion.” The Topic Browser (T) displays produces the same search results but displays every matching topic in your entire library, as opposed to merely the active book, only if its Globe icon is activated (brightened). Click it experimentally to learn the difference. -Suppose you wanted to find every paragraph in your books that discuss, mention, or make reference to a particular Bible verse such as Deuteronomy 6:5.  You could pull up many such instances by doing a phrase search, but you would have to include all possible abbreviations such as Dt 6:5, Deut 6:5, Deuter 6:5, Deuteron 6:5, etc. The makers of Logos have already done all this work for you by computer-indexing every Scripture reference wherefore Logos will pull up every instance where that verse is referenced no matter how the writers abbreviated Deuteronomy. This is called a reference search and is prefixed with the letters REF. Thus REF(deut 6:5) will find every reference to that verse in the designated book collection. The Reference Browser (R) displays the same results if its Globe icon is activated as noted above. Here again, if a single chapter referenced that verse thirty-nine times, the chapter title will be listed thirty nine times in the Reference Browser.  Unfortunately the Reference Browser does not assign a unique color-highlight to each occasion of that verse within the article.  Consequently users have to read the entire article to locate the hits. This terrible inconvenience surely drives most users back to the main search window to use the REF operator which finds the same hits as the Reference Browser but color-highlights them.

- At the outset of these discussions was mentioned the simplest search of all, namely, a concordance search for a single keyword such as Paul. Logos simply looks for all instances where the exact match appears in the designated collection of books. The Word Browser (W) displays the same results for every word in your entire library (believe it or not) if the Globe icon is activated as noted above. (Admittedly the list will be incomplete if you added any books to your hard drive without updating the global concordance by choosing Tools-RebuildGlobalWordList). Unfortunately the Word Browser does not assign a color-highlight to the hits.

 -What is the advantage of the T-R-W browsers if the main search window can perform the same search? The T-R-W browsers are search results windows rather than search windows. They prelist the results of possible searches that Logos foresaw on your behalf. They were designed to provide the convenience of quickly browsing through results instead of typing queries in the main search window.  Given the lack of color highlighting, however, users probably fare better without the browsers.

-  Another type of searching is Filter searching. We were not terribly successful or productive with it, however, perhaps due to lack of experience.

- The TVM and Morphology Tabs in the search window are used for finding words in the Bible conforming to a particular Greek or Hebrew grammar structure. Since the syntax for these searches is too complex to memorize, Logos writes it up in the query field at your request. Just choose the desired grammar structure in plain English from the drop-down list and click ADD to have Logos translate it into query-syntax. You can insert Boolean operators within the syntax.  Logos will search your English Bible looking for Strong’s numbers or morphology numbers in conformity to your request.

- Quite a bit of quick-searching can be accomplished from the right-click menu. Suppose you are reading an article and come across a surprising verse. Right-click and choose Reference Search All Books. This performs a REF search  to find additional articles commenting on that verse. You can also perform a TOPIC search in this fashion.

- Incidentally, here’s how to make your keyboard type Greek and Hebrew characters.


[See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




- A keylink is a book that automatically opens up to comment on text clicked on.  There can be a unique keylink assigned to each type of clickable text  whether Greek Strong’s numbers, Hebrew Strong’s numbers, morphology numbers, verse-references, or English text. Logos has already preset certain keylinks presumed preferable to you. For example clicking on a verse-reference such Rom 10:17 automatically opens up your default Bible to display the verse. Logos preset this keylink for you and we found no way to change this default (except for the special feature described below). If you purchased and installed Strong’s lexicon, Logos uses it to establish another preset keylink, namely that clicking on any Strong’s Number opens up Strong’s lexicon to its definition.

- A keylink that you can assign to English text, if you purchased it, would be a Bible dictionary such as Easton’s Bible Dictionary or the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Clicking on an English word would automatically look it up in this assigned dictionary.

  - There are basically two ways to set up a keylink in advance. One is to right-click on a particular type of text such as Strong’s Numbers and choose “Define Keylink.” The other is to go to Edit-Preferences-Languages, select from the list a particular type of text, and click Keylink. In either case a window will appear offering you a choice of either a topic lookup or a full text search of the lookup book. Just make a random choice between the two options since you can change it later. Next move down to the tiny Library Browser to select a lookup-book as your keylink for this  particular type of text.

- The above claim that clicking a particular type of text activates keylinks requires some qualification. If the text is a hotspot (as are all verse-references), single-clicking activates the keylink, but ordinary text requires double-clicking.  However, even double-clicking won’t work if you disabled the double-click option in Edit-Preferences-General. (You might have disabled this option if you became annoyed at how often keylinks open accidentally). You can still activate the keylinks by right-clicking on each type of text, however, and choosing “keylink.”

- Separate and distinct from the main keylink functionality described above, verse-references have an additional built-in keylink-capacity. This dynamic option allows you to set up on-the-fly a special book to offer commentary on all verse-references. It overrides Logos’ preset keylink for verse-references, namely the Bible that normally opens up to display the verse clicked on. To set up this special keylink, open up a desired look-up commentary or dictionary, for example Calvin’s Commentaries, and click the BibleTarget-Window icon on the toolbar. That’s all there is to it (but the catch is that you have to keep Calvin’s Commentaries open because accidentally closing it requires resetting it up with the same steps). The result of this setup will be that if you click on a verse-reference such as Acts 2:38 in any book or article, Calvin’s Commentaries, already open, will automatically scroll to its point of commentary on that verse. The Bible (the preset keylink) that normally opens to display the verse will no longer open, but a workaround for this problem is to always keep a Bible open and chain-linked to Calvin’s Commentaries so that that the two scroll together. Use the chain-link icon on the toolbar to set up this feature. 

- In sum a combination of chain-links and keylinks will help you to bring all your resources to bear upon the topics researched.


 [See more help below for Logos or Back to the Table of Contents]




-To print directly from Logos itself, choosing File-Print reveals an impressive print menu. You can even choose to print in multiple columns. A small Library Browser enables you to select chapters to print. Click ADD to put a selected chapter on the print-list, but subsections of that chapter might fail to print unless you add them separately. That is to say, to get the most reliable results you should expand the chapter-titles to expose all subtitles, and then click ADD for each subtitle even though this seems redundant.

- One problem caught us by surprise, however.  If, from this Print window, you choose “Print Setup” and then “Options,” the Options window invisibly opens up in the background. This locks up the system because the Options window demands attention, but how can you address an invisible window? Pull it from the background into the foreground by pressing Alt-tab a few times. The Alt-tab command lets you cycle through all open windows, placing icons onscreen to let you land on whichever window that you want pulled into the foreground. Land on the Z-icon to pull the invisible window into focus. 

- Sending a document to a word processor such as Microsoft Word or WordPad (Start-Programs-Accessories-Wordpad) is often the easiest way to browse a short article and to search it by using control-F (find). For reasons unknown Logos often failed to copy and paste text to our word-processor. Extremely helpful here is Logos’ powerful export feature for outputting chapters into a word-processor file.  Choosing File-Export opens the export window to display a choice of text formats: ASCII text (plain text), Rich Text Format (RTF – Word format), Unicode text (another plain-text standard), or HTML format (web page style).  A small Library Browser enables you to select chapters for export. Clicking ADD to export the chapter often fails; instead expand the chapter-title to display subtitles. Clicking ADD for each subtitle seems redundant but guarantees complete export. Afterwards Click OK twice to open up the File-Save-As window. You will see a partial filename in the top left field – either *.TXT (textfile), *.RTF (Rich Text Format),  or *.UNI (Unicode format).  Remove the asterisk and type in its place a valid filename such as Regeneration.RTF. Start clicking the yellow folders at the right-hand side until the folder c:\windows\desktop appears opened. Click OK and check your Desktop to verify that Logos saved it there. You should be able to open this file from a word processor such as Word or Wordpad (Start-Programs-Accessories-Wordpad) for easy printing.

 [End of help for Logos.  Back to the Table of Contents]

Quickstart Instructions for the E-SWORD Verse-Search Engine



- You can download E-sword free from  Or you can pay $15.00 to receive it on CD. It’s certainly worth the price.

-At the top the letters B, C, and D stand for Bible, Commentary, and Dictionary Windows. For ease of reading, quick-enlarge any of the three windows by clicking B, C or D. When finished reading, click the reset button next to B, C and D.

-The Georgia style font is the default and quite readable. Click the magnifying glass icon on the main screen to quickly enlarge and embolden the current font. If you wish to change the font size further, realize that you have to adjust it separately for each of the three windows – Bible, Commentary, and Dictionary. The menu selections are Options-BibleFont, Options-CommentaryFont, and Options-DictionaryFont.

[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-Strong’s Numbers assign a number to every Greek and Hebrew word for the sake of English-only students. Hopefully you downloaded the full King James Version with Strong’s Numbers. E-sword has no morphology tags for parsing the verbs (i.e. for itemizing the verb tenses). Moving your mouse pointer over a Strong’s Number displays the Strong’s definition of the Greek or Hebrew automatically in a yellow window if you have checkmarked Options-StrongsToolTips.  Similarly, moving your pointer over a verse reference in a commentary such as John 3:16 pulls it up in a yellow window if you have checkmarked Options-Scripture-ToolTips.

[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-E-sword's Bible navigator is a narrow vertical window found at the far left of the screen. Here you can jump to any verse by manually typing a location, say Mat 5:4, or by clicking plus signs (+) to open books of the Bible and minus signs (-) to close them. Clicking on a verse makes it the Active Verse to which the commentaries synchronize (sync scroll). A maroon-colored pointer arrow appears to the left of the Active Verse. To display the Active Verse in all Bibles at once for easy comparison, just click the COMPARE tab right above it. The PARALLEL tab does the same thing vertically, but limits its display to four versions at a time whereas COMPARE displays them all.

-Bibles and books are arranged onscreen as a set of gray tabs arranged in rows. Consider the set of Bible tabs for instance. The Active Tab is always on the bottom row and usually outlined with a black dotted line. You can click the tab to restore the dotted outline if missing.  Cycling through each tab (each Bible) is accomplished as follows. Click the top row once to move the entire top row down to the bottom row (which shifts UP each of the other rows one level to fill the vacancy). When you are finished examining each of the tabs (the Bibles) on the bottom row, click the top row again to bring another row down to the bottom. And so on, until you are finished examining all the tabs (all the Bibles). If you decide there are some Bibles and commentaries not worth showing on screen, just choose Options-Resources to deselect them. 

- Unfortunately E-Sword does not seem to provide a way to scroll commentaries verse-by-verse. You have to go back to the Bible window to move to the next verse and then return to the commentary – unless you set up in advance a queue of verses using the Verse List, or the Bookmarks, or the Forward and Backward arrows as described below. This inconvenience marks one of but few complaints with an excellent program.

[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-Backtracking and retracking are invaluable for serious study. At the top left, to the left of the binoculars, is a back arrow and forward arrow.  Simply click the back-arrow to backtrack the list of all verses previously made Active (as designated by the maroon pointer-arrow), and click the forward-arrow to retrace your steps forwards. Commentaries automatically backtrack and retrace in sync with any verses backtracked and retraced. Visited verses disappear from computer memory at shutdown but are, prior to shutdown, temporarily stored in two Verse Trail windows that are quite unnecessary given the powerful Verse List feature.

- The Verse List feature is a good way to backtrack and retrace because it stores lists of visited verses permanently. Any study session geared toward serious commentary study or exegetical analysis should utilize the Verse List feature. Click the Bible icon at the top mid-screen to open the Verse List window. The first field displays the title of the Active List. If no title is present, no list is Active. E-sword initially installs one or two built-in lists. Using the drop down menu, access any built-in lists and delete them. To start your own list click Add and assign it a name. You might name it today’s date such as “August 25th 2002.” Or if you are about to perform a commentary study on a long passage, name it by the verse range such as Romans 7:5-21.  Click Update to close the window. Go to the first verse that you plan to study (Romans 7:5). Right-click on that verse and choose “Add to verse list.” Immediately move to the next verse and do the same until you’ve quickly added all seventeen verses to the Verse List.  Click the Bible icon to reopen the Verse List window. Make sure you did not miss any verses in the desired range. Suppose you missed verse sixteen. There are two ways to add it. Either click the plus sign (+) and simply type Rom 7:16 or exit the window altogether and right-click on Rom 7:16. Either way, Rom 7:16 will unfortunately be appended to end of the list instead of in sequence. This disorder is detrimental to commentary study. To fix the sequence, click the Bible icon to reopen the Verse List window. The last verse on the list is the one out of sequence. Highlight it and then repeatedly click the up-arrow located in the Verse List window, watching the verse move steadily up the list. Nice feature! If you overshoot the mark, simply click the down arrow to position the verse in sequence.  Unfortunately the main screen does not update the sequence until you reopen and reclose the Verse List window, so close it, click the Bible icon to reopen it, and click OK to reclose. You are now ready for your commentary study. Click “C” to expand the commentary window. In fact get in the habit of toggling the “C” and “B” to switch between the commentary window and Bible window as necessary. Click the forward Bible-icon to scroll the commentary forwards one verse at a time, and the backward Bible-icon to scroll it backward one verse at a time.

- E-sword will store any number of Verse Lists. To start a new Verse List, click the Bible icon again, choose Add, and assign it a name. The new list automatically becomes the Active List. To rework an old list created any number of months ago, simply select it from the drop down list to make it the Active List. You can even rename it by clicking Edit, typing the new name, and clicking Update.

- After you have used the Verse List feature a few times, it becomes so easy to add and remove verses that you probably won’t need the Bookmark feature. Hence Bookmarks will not be discussed in this study.

- A powerful application of the Verse List is that a list of search results can be stored as a new and permanent Verse List or added to an old Verse List. To do so, perform an ordinary word search (see below), and when the list of hits appears click the tiny Bible icon in the hit list window to open the “Convert Search to Verse List” window. To append the hit list to an old Verse List, choose “Add” and select any old list from the drop down menu. If you prefer to use the hit list as a new Verse List, choose “Create” and assign a name to it.

[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-Double click on a word or Strong’s number to activate the dictionaries, or type it into the dictionary lookup field (Prefix a G for Greek to NT Strong numbers and an H for Hebrew to OT Strong numbers. Thus “sin” (#266 in the Greek) would be typed in as G266).  If the field is missing, restore it by clicking the tiny red book-icon underneath the gray dictionary tabs. Then cycle through the tabs (as instructed above) to see which dictionaries returned relevant results for the word or number double clicked. Obviously a Strongs Number will return irrelevant results in all English dictionaries. Likewise an English word will return irrelevant results in Strong’s Greek and Hebrew dictionaries – but here a little trick can bring them into play, namely, clicking on the binoculars to word search a Greek-Hebrew dictionary for random appearances of that English word. [Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-Right-click on any English word or Strong's Number to quick search for it. You have to search for Greek and Hebrew from the KJV+ because that’s the only Bible with Strong’s Numbers. Another way to bring up a search window is to click the larger binoculars and then manually type the word or number to search for.

-The total number of hits appears halfway down the search window. Choose "Accept" to move the hit list to the screen-top between the small binoculars. Click on the righthand set of binoculars to step forward through the hit list, or click the left-hand binoculars to backtrack through the hit list.

-The program’s normal mode (default mode) is to search for the exact word entered. Thus "love" will find only love. It will not pull up loves, lover, or glove. Likewise Strong's Number 22 will pull up only 22. It will not pull up 222, 228, or 7222.

-You can change this default by enclosing the request within two asterisks that serve as a double wildcard such as *roll* to pull up scroll, rolls, troll, trolls, trolley, and scrolls, or use a single wildcard (*roll) to pull up just roll, troll, and scroll. Checkmarking the option “Include Partial-word Matches” has the same effect as a double wildcard (two asterisks). 

-The Exclude option, equivalent to the Boolean operator NOT, reduces the total hits by omitting verses containing any disqualifying words that you specify. You can type in several exclusory words at once. Thus searching for Jesus but while excluding Christ will only find those Jesus-containing verses that omit Christ.

-The “All Words” option is equivalent to the Boolean operator AND. This finds verses with, for example, both “God” and “holy” in the same sentence.  The “Any Words” option is equivalent to the Boolean operator OR. This finds sentences with only one of the keywords (as well as those with both), for example sentences with either “God,” or “holy.”

- A question mark (“?”) serves as the single-character wildcard. An asterisk stands for an unlimited number of letters whereas the question mark restricts extension to a single character. Thus hol? pulls up hold, hole, and holy but not holiness. Likewise ?ell pulls up hell, bell, cell, fell, sell, and tell but not quell or inkwell.

-Normally the Bibles only do searches for individual words whereas the dictionary window and commentary window search for entire phrases as well. However, there is also a separate window, the “Extended Search Window” for phrase-searching Bibles. Access it through the menu option entitled Bible-ExtendedSearch.

- Most programs that tally Strong’s Numbers cannot automatically tally the occasions that a given Greek or Hebrew word such as dunamis was translated into a particular English word such as power.  In other words most programs lack a true concordance whereas E-sword, an exception, has The King James Concordance.

- Incidentally, here’s how to make your keyboard type Greek and Hebrew characters.


[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].




-The Study Notes tab is E-sword’s built-in word processor for taking notes. This area also doubles as the library section because E-sword has a small library of bonus books. To see them, click the Study Notes tab and look for a tiny menu bar across the bottom. If missing, you must still be in Study Notes mode rather than library mode. In the upper left corner of the window click the notebook icon underneath the magnifying glass. This puts you in library mode.

[Below is more help for E-sword or return to table of contents].


Quick-start Help for the Online Bible Verse-Search Engine




After THE modules are downloaded, clicking them one at a time will install them. You can then delete them to save space on your hard drive. Installation windows will often pop up requesting your permission to overwrite files. Always respond Yes. Make sure the first file you install is the 9MB core program (The “Advanced Starter Pack”).

-From Online Bible’s duplicate site obtain the following files because they are not downloading properly from the main site:

-The “Advanced Starter Pack” (9MB). Contains the core program and Online Bible’s own proprietary Greek and Hebrew Lexicon.
From the “Ancient Texts” section download the Interlinear Greek-English NT with Strong’s Numbers and Morphology numbers (no letters). This is a must-have because it allows you to see every Greek word side by side with an English translation.

-If you want NT morphology letters, download at least one of the following three Greek NT texts, but only Sword-Project has letter-dictionaries). Probably only students on a seminary level will need the letters.

- The Westcott-Hort Greek Text NT (Variant readings - UBS 3-4/ Nestle 26-27 editions, 1881, with Strong’s numbers, morphology numbers, morphology letters). This one is recommended.

- Textus Receptus Greek NT 1550/1894 (with Strong’s numbers, morphology numbers, morphology letters).

- Byzantine Greek Majority Textform NT (with Strong’s numbers, morphology numbers, morphology letters).

- You will also need, if you want Old Testament letters, the LXX Analytic Septuagint (LXXM = LXX morphology Greek OT).   

-The following three texts from the duplicate site are optional and probably unhelpful if you can’t read Greek or Hebrew. 

- Jerome's Septuagint in Greek (Greek OT)

- Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia text Hebrew OT

- Peshitta Syriac New Testament

- Make sure to download Strong’s Lexicon.  (This web page also features a Greek and Hebrew lexicon, but these were already included in the 9MB Advanced Starter Pack). 

-Download all the commentaries on this page

-Download The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, The Smith’s Bible Dictionary,  The American Tract Society Bible Dictionary, and The Naves Topical Bible.

- Choose as many Bibles from this page as you like. Our favorites are the Webster Version, The World English Bible, The  Weymouth New Testament, The Douay Rheims Version, The Darby Translation, the American Standard Version, and Young’s Literal Translation.  These older Bibles are generally more faithful to the Greek and Hebrew than modern versions.

-From the “Books” and “Theology” sections of the above web pages you can download bonus items such as the Arthur Pink theology collection, the Alfred Edersheim history collection, John Gill’s Body of Divinity (a systematic theology), John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion, the William Law collection, and various devotional books.

[Back to the Table of Contents]




VERY IMPORTANT! The screen often becomes unreadably cluttered due to a nasty default on the right-click menu called Paragraph Style. Deactivate it so that verses display clearly in easy-to-read vertical columns instead of running together horizontally in continuous paragraphs. You will have to repeat this step every time the clutter reappears. Also, if a window’s word wrap is disabled, reactivate it by right clicking and choosing Rotate Carousel.


Readability is a major problem for the Online Bible. Go to Tools-CustomizeSettings-Fonts-DisplayFont and click ChangeSelectedFont. Leave the font style unchanged but choose boldface typeset and 18 point font size or larger. (To restore the original font settings click SetDefaults). Here’s the kicker – there are four different “Desktop modes” on the following menu: View-Desktop-Load. You might as well permanently change the font size and boldness on all four modes to get it over with. The purpose of the four modes is to start up the search engine with different sets of windows open. For example “Basic Desktop” starts up with the Quick Study window open. Close that window because the four modes will be irrelevant if you learn our instructions for controlling the windows.

- Note: Bibles consisting strictly of Old Testament books will show blank lines for all NT verses, and likewise Bibles consisting strictly of New Testament books will show blank lines for all OT verses. 


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].





-The following step is necessary to activate all your Bibles and books. If you download more books later, you will have to repeat this step to activate them. Click the hammer-screwdriver button to view the various Preference tabs (the Versions Tab,  Alternate Versions Tab, Notes Tab, Topics Tab, Library Tab, Dictionary Tab, and Show-Tabs tab). Checkmark all the books under each tab to activate them, and single out one book as the default item wherever a choice of defaults is offered. (You should make your default English dictionary the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) since it is the largest).   Two of the tabs deserve more discussion, namely the Versions Tab and the Alternate Versions Tab. Checkmark the bibles under the Versions Tab before checkmarking those under the Alternate Versions Tab. Otherwise the Alternate Versions section might be empty. The bibles checkmarked under the Versions Tab are the only ones that the Online Bible search-engine will allow to be opened during a session. Those bibles checkmarked under the Alternate Versions Tab will automatically display by default whenever a new Bible window is opened. For example, let’s say you checkmarked ten different versions under the Versions Tab, but only checkmarked four of these ten bibles under the Alternate Versions Tab.  That means four versions will always display automatically whenever a new Bible window is opened (you will see each verse listed four times except where omitted by OT-only bibles or NT-only bibles), but a maximum of six more versions can be displayed at any time by right-clicking and choosing “Open/Close Alternate Version” (do not choose  “Open Version”). 

-The Show-Tabs tab, already mentioned as part of the hammer-scredriver window, determines whether a particular book or Bible features a representative gray tab onscreen for easy access to that book or Bible. Assuming you checkmarked all the books and Bibles under the Show-Tabs tab, a freshly opened bible window will have ten gray tabs corresponding to the ten bibles checkmarked under the Versions Tab. Clicking on any gray tab brings that version to the top of the window for easier reading – but malfunctionally bumps offscreen one of the other versions. Eventually you will be reduced from the original four displayed versions to a single version displayed per gray tab. You can still see all four, nay all ten, one at a time by clicking its gray tab, but no longer simultaneously unless you either right-click and choose “Open/Close Alternate Version” or simply open a fresh Bible window by clicking the Bible icon at the top left of the screen and pressing Enter. (Here there will be a “Passage” field where you can type the chapter number and verse number to jump to. Or use the scroll bars to select the verse to be reached).

-How do you know which verse belongs to which gray tab? By remembering which tab you clicked on last! The program was supposed to provide an easier way, namely it was supposed to display each version’s abbreviation (such as KJV) to the left of each verse (and to the right of each Hebrew verse since Hebrew reads backwards). Unfortunately this abbreviation displays only when at least three or four versions are on simultaneous display. Until then you will have to click the gray tabs and deduce from the results what version you are currently reading. Or simply make sure that you always have at last three or four versions simultaneously displayed in which case the abbreviations will display as well.

-Are any gray tabs missing? This implies that you failed to checkmark all the Bibles under either the Show-Tabs tab or the Versions Tab in the hammer-screwdriver window.

- Like bibles, each commentary has a gray tab for easy access, usually visible if you click the Notebook icon (which is the commentary icon) on the toolbar.  However, an ambiguity that can make it impossible to know how many commentaries are currently open is that if a given commentary happens to be silent on the current verse, its gray tab vanishes to reappear only when you jump to a verse where this commentary is not silent.

-Each gray tab has its book name or abbreviation inscribed visibly upon it.  If you forget what title an abbreviation stands for, go to the hammer-screwdriver window to see the list. (As you may have deduced, there are only two primary icons to master - the hammer-screwdriver and the Bible icon. Most everything else is available on the right-click menu. Of course the right-click menu only works if you have at least one window open).

-Surprisingly there are no gray tabs for its English bible-dictionaries despite those that appear when Greek and Hebrew dictionaries are opened. You can open an English dictionary with the File-Open-Dictionary command, and Greek-Hebrew dictionaries with the File-Open-Definition command. A better method than these commands, however, is to reset two unimportant toolbar icons to perform these functions. Excellent candidates include the globe-icon (which normally opens a maps-and-charts window) and the stylus-and-parchment icon (which records personal notes). Simply right-click on the globe-icon to bring up the Configure Function Key window. It has two scroll bars. The upper scroll bar allows you to choose the new function for this key; scroll up to choose “View Definition.” The lower scroll bar allows you to choose a new icon, recommendably the “books04” icon which resembles a colorful set of books on a bookshelf.  Click OK.  Similarly right-click the stylus-and-parchment icon to change its function to “View Dictionary” and its appearance to “book08” (an open book). Voila! You can now click the colorful icon to bring up a Greek-Hebrew dictionary window, and the open-book icon to bring up an English dictionary window.

- The right and left arrow keys  conveniently scroll slowly through dictionaries, commentaries, and bibles. For faster navigation, using the toolbar icons to open a new window will enable you to  jump directly to the desired location.


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].




-The most important Bibles are the AV (Authorized Version) and the Interlinear Greek New Testament  (IGNT) because they show the Strong Numbers and the morphology numbers - unless the “Strong’s” option is deselected either on the right-click menu or on the View menu. On the View menu checkmark Footnotes to display the English text of the IGNT. On the View menu also checkmark FloatingWindowLookup to activate automatic lookups; then simply drag your mouse pointer across a verse. When the pointer lands on a Strong’s Number, a morphology number, or select English words, it will change to a hand in order to signal you to pause for an autolookup.  An autolookup means that a yellow window will pop up with the definition.  In the case of Strong’s Numbers, the definition is drawn from the lexicons selected in the hammer-screwdriver window as the default Greek and Hebrew dictionaries. There are two sets of lexicons, namely (1) the Online Bibles’ very own (excellent!) Geek-Hebrew dictionaries and (2) Strong’s Greek and Hebrew dictionaries. What if you want to see both sets of lexicons at once? Doubleclick the Strong’s Number that your mouse pointer originally landed on. This will open a window with two gray tabs, one for Strong’s lexicon and the other for the Online Bible’s proprietary lexicon. A tab would be missing, however, if you failed to checkmark it under either the Show-Tabs tab or the Dictionary Tab in the hammer-screwdriver window.

-Strong’s lexicon only provides definitions for Strong’s Numbers. When your mouse lands upon a morphology number, therefore, you will draw a definition only from the Online Bible lexicon.

-When a definition pops up in a yellow window by autolookup, green numbers within it link you to further information. If a green number fails to readout more information, try highlighting it and double clicking. If it still fails, allow the yellow window to close and double click the word or number upon which your mouse originally landed. This will bring up a black and white window with the lexicons as just stated. Here the green numbers tend to read out just fine.


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].




Don’t get too accustomed to using the Library menu (Library index) to read your theology books because some of the books don’t show up on the library directory tree. Instead choose File-Open-Books/Topics. Choosing a book produces onscreen a table of contents.  Click on the first chapter heading to read it. To scroll to the next or previous chapter, right click and choose “Next Note” or “Previous Note.” Alternatively, closing the window will automatically bring up the table of contents again for easy navigation.


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].




-Bookmarking appears on the right-click menu. This comes in handy when you want to compare several verses in an intense word study, cycling and backtracking through them over and over.

--You can open as many windows as you like. Multiple windows should scroll together in sync under the following conditions. (1) On the main “Window” menu at top of the screen checkmark “Synchronized Scrolling.” (2) If a window fails to sync scroll, right click that window and checkmark “sync-scrolling.”  (3) Sync-scrolling must be controlled from a Bible window, preferably the first one opened, never from a commentary window. Windows that never sync scroll  include dictionaries, search results, and cross-references (“cross references” is a right-click option that displays related verses). Moreover commentary windows sometimes refuse to sync scroll, although clicking their gray tabs sometimes brings them back to speed.

- You cannot scroll commentaries using the page up and page down keys. Either use the right and left arrow keys – a very valuable tool - or instead sync-scroll them from a Bible window.

-Opened windows get lost almost irretrievably if you use the top right underline mark ( _ ) next to the X to minimize them. Instead click the restore square next to the X.  Using this square, maximize windows as often as possible to make reading easier. Any windows slightly out of place can usually be resituated by maximization. Overlapped windows often refuse to emerge apart from the menu options Window-TileVertically or Window-Tile-Horizontally.

-If a window's top right corner lacks an X for closing it, use Ctrl-F4 to close it or choose Windows-Close-All. If word wrap becomes disabled, right click in that window and choose Rotate Carousel. Do NOT select Paragraph Style (Clutter Style!). Always keep Paragraph Style deactivated.  


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].




-Another screen-cluttering annoyance is that search-results will appear in all versions that auto-start, namely, those checkmarked under the Alternate Tab in the hammer-screwdriver window. Unchecking them solves the clutter-problem only at the expense of auto-started Bibles. Apparently there is no satisfactory solution.

-Click the flashlight and type in an English word or Strong's number in the search window. YOU MUST ENCLOSE A STRONG'S NUMBER BETWEEN ANGLE BRACKETS (< >) TO SEARCH FOR IT. You will also have to checkmark, in the search window, a Strong numbered version. You can checkmark several versions, but a new window will pop open with search results for every version checkmarked. THE ONLINE BIBLE REPORTS NOT THE NUMBER OF HITS BUT THE NUMBER OF VERSES CONTAINING HITS. Thus if five verses each contain the hit twice, it will only report five hits where other verse-search engines would report ten hits.

-The program’s normal mode (default mode) is to search for the exact word or phrase entered. Thus "love" will find only love. It will not pull up loves, lover, or glove. Likewise Strong's Number 22 will pull up only 22. It will not pull up 222, 228, or 7222. You can change this default by using two asterisks as a double wildcard such as *roll* to pull up scroll, rolls, troll, trolls, trolley, and scrolls, or use a single wildcard (*roll) to pull up just troll, roll and scroll. An asterisk stands for an unlimited number of letters whereas the question mark wildcard (“?”) restricts extension to a single character. Thus hol? pulls up hold, hole, and holy but not holiness.

-Choose Select-Range or manually type the range of books and chapters to search through such as Romans - Galatians. The total results-count will appear in the title bar as for example 3/402 means the mouse is positioned on the third instance of 402 total hits. Oddly enough, no warning pops up for zero results. The machine just sits there silently.

-Searches seem faster than possible. Probably every word in the Bible is already indexed (precounted) so the computer just spits out the results. That might explain why unbiblical words foul up Boolean searches. For instance a search for “God | astrology” pulls up zero hits. The vertical bar (“|”) is a code for the Boolean operator “OR.” It is supposed to find all verses with either God or astrology. “God | revelation” correctly pulls up 3925 hits. If you suspect that a word might be unbiblical, try searching for it by itself. If a strange “Word Wheel” window comes up to reject the search word as invalid terminology, using that word will foul up your Boolean searches. The bad thing about the Word Wheel window is that it forces you to put in a recognized word. What if you wanted to put in a partial word only because you are not sure how the rest of it is spelled? Apparently you are out of luck.

-Other Boolean operators include the AND operator (use the “&” sign), and the NOT operator (use the infinity mark ~ ). Surprisingly it even has a proximity operator (use the @ sign). Thus “Lord @1 silver and gold” finds every verse with “Lord” within one verse away from the phrase “silver and gold.” This verse-search engine also has an operator that we had never heard of, the "ambiguous phrase operator" (use three periods “...”). This will search for a start-keyword and end-keyword no matter what words fall in between. Thus "Jesus ... Christ" (note the spaces in the syntax) pulls up "Jesus is Lord and Christ" or "Jesus proved Himself to be the Christ" (etc.).  When using any of these operators, you must separate operators from keywords with spaces.  These are amazingly sophisticated search features for a free verse-search engine.

- Most engines, including the Online Bible, that tally Strong’s Numbers cannot automatically tally the occasions that a given Greek or Hebrew word such as dunamis was translated into a particular English word such as power.  In other words most verse-search engines lack a true concordance whereas E-sword, an exception, has The King James Concordance.

- Incidentally, here’s how to make your keyboard type Greek and Hebrew characters.


[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].


Morphology Tags Both Alphabetic and Numeric


-The Online Bible has a built-in Greek-Hebrew lexicon plus Strong’s lexicon. Both display English definitions automatically whenever you place your mouse pointer over a Strong’s number unless this feature is deactivated. (For starters make sure to checkmark “Strong’s” and “FloatingWindowLookup” on the View menu).  Only the built-in lexicon handles morphology numbers; Strong’s lexicon does not help with morphology.  Neither handles morphology letters.  What are these numbers and letters? By popular convention each Greek or Hebrew verb is assigned two numeric codes and one letter code, three codes in all. Nonverbs are assigned only two of the three codes, specifically items 1 and 3 below.

- (1) A Strong’s Number stands for a Greek or Hebrew word. Both verbs and nonverbs are assigned a Strong’s Number.

(2) A morphology number stands for verb tenses such as past, present, and future. Nonverbs are not assigned a morphology number.

(3) A morphological letter-tag stands for a word’s total list of attributes (whether adjective, adverb, noun, verb, present tense, past tense, participle, etc). Both verbs and nonverbs are assigned a letter-code. 

-Students on a seminary level might be disappointed that the Online Bible provides no lexicon for letter codes (item 3). The Sword Project verse-search engine offers the Packard and Robinson lexicons for letter codes

[Below is more help for the Online Bible or return to table of contents].





-Sword Project is strictly necessary only for advanced students in need of morphology letter-code dictionaries. Pretty much everything else available in Sword Project is already contained within the Online Bible search-engine and the E-sword search-engine.

-Files to download are classified as Locked, Raw, or Windows. Only download the Windows modules. The files are in zipped (compressed) format. After downloading, right-click on each file looking for an option such as “Extract here” or “Extract to folder.” If no such option appears, you probably don’t have an unzip program (decompression program) installed.

-Download the main search-engine module of Sword Project and install it. You either can have Sword Project download remaining modules on-the-fly or can download them manually. Do it yourself manually. Download all the Bible dictionaries. 

- Download the KJV lite (no Strong numbers) and KJV (with Strong numbers).

- Download the Interlinear Greek-English NT (IGNT) to see every Greek word side-by-side with an English translation.

If you want morphology letters, obtain at least one of the following Greek NTs.

-1881 Westcott-Hort Greek NT with NA27/UBS4 variants. Recommended.

-Byzantine Majority Text Greek NT

-1550/1894 Textus Receptus Greek NT

-There is also a Greek OT morphologically tagged, namely, the LXX Septuagint.

[Back to Table of Contents]





- Sword Project has lexicons for morphology letters (as discussed earlier).

-Various defaults can be set in File-Preferences but don’t seem to work correctly except in the case of fonts. To change the onscreen font, choose File-Preferences-Display and in the “Module Type” field select “All modules” from the drop-down list. This option changes the font in all windows simultaneously. Click “Select Font” and choose a larger font size for easier reading. Close and restart the program after changing the font to see the results. However, there is probably nothing you can do about the unreadable font in the latest version of the JFB commentary (some verses) and huge Webster’s Dictionary, except laboriously paste the text into a word-processor that will provide a readable change of font.

-Enlarge any window for easier reading by dragging the borders. Choose File-SaveLayout to make it permanent.

-If too many books are cluttering the screen, right-click on the gray tabs and choose “Hide/Show Modules.” Deselect any unwanted Bibles, commentaries, and dictionaries.

- On the Options menu checkmark Strongs Numbers, morphology, and Footnotes. The Footnote option is what puts on display the English text of the IGNT (Interlinear Greek NT).   

-Jump to a verse either by using the navigator scroll bars or by typing the verse-reference in the verse-field and pressing enter. Unfortunately Bibles jump five verses ahead but fortunately highlight the Active Verse in blue or red for easy recognition. Commentaries sync-scroll properly instead of jumping ahead. 

- A simple way to perform an effective commentary study on a lengthy passage is to jump to the first verse using the navigator bar. Read the commentary on the first verse and then click the up-arrow on the navigator bar to increase the verse number by one (i.e. to move forward one verse). This causes the commentary window to sync scroll to the next verse.  Continue in this manner until reaching the end of the passage.

[See Below for More Help with Sword Project or Back to Table of Contents]   




-The Bookmark icon saves even yesterday’s bookmarks if the “save bookmarks” option is checkmarked in File-Preferences. It is powerful for backtracking. Bookmark the current verse (the Active Verse) by simply clicking “Add Bookmark.” Jump to any bookmarked verse by scrolling down to “Personal Bookmarks” to view the list. Now that’s easy – so easy that you might as well bookmark every verse visited. You can even arrange bookmarks in trees (hierarchies) to create topical outlines. Choose Tree View to see the tree – it’s the same list of verses seen when scrolling to “Personal Bookmarks.” You can expand the Tree window to fill the entire screen. Navigate the tree by clicking plus signs (+) precisely like the Bible navigator in E-sword.  The tree consists of phrases. You can rename any phrase by right-clicking. Any phrase recognized by Sword Project as a real verse such as “Jn 1:1” is a bookmark; just double-click it to jump there. If the phrase is not a verse, there is no point in double-clicking it because Sword Project will simply take you to Genesis 1:1. Why would you want non-verse phrases? As topics! You can stack endless verses under a topic and even create subtopics under topics. To create a new phrase to serve as either a topic or a verse, highlight the parent phrase, that is, the phrase under which you wish to stack the new phrase. Right-clicking the parent and choosing “child” stacks underneath the parent a generic phrase called “New Topic.” Right-click “New Topic” to rename it as either a topic or a verse. Let’s suppose you just created subtopics under subtopics nested ten levels deep. When you exit the Tree Window and scroll down once again to “Personal Bookmarks,” a new arrow appears on the verse list. Scrolling to this arrow will display a new arrow, and then another, and so on for ten levels deep. (Nested-level bookmarks must be manually added by creating phrases; the automatic “Add Bookmark” option will not stack bookmarks under a nested level but only under the main parent “Personal Bookmarks,” at the bottom of that stack).

-Another powerful means of backtracking is the Back button even though the program sadly lacks a matching Forward button to retrace steps. Here’s a good way to use the Back button. Suppose a commentary says “also see my commentary on  Mk 10:5.” Highlight the end of that sentence (“Mk 10:5”) and right-click. You might be surprised to see “Mk 10:5” appear on the right-click menu. Selecting it sync-jumps all Bibles and commentaries to that verse. Read the commentary and then hit the Back button to sync-scroll back to the original verse and commentary. 

[See Below for More Help with Sword Project or Back to Table of Contents]   




- Dictionaries, Bibles, and commentaries are arranged as a set of gray tabs configured in rows. The Active Tab is always on the bottom row and usually outlined with a black dotted line. You can click the Active Tab to restore the black dotted outline if missing.  Cycling through each tab requires the same technique used in the E-sword search-engine. Clicking the top row moves the entire row to the bottom while shifting up all lower rows to fill the vacancy. When you are finished examining each of the tabs on the bottom row, click the top row again to bring another row down to the bottom. Proceed in this fashion until finished examining all the tabs.

-Cycling through all the tabs in that fashion is vitally important for the Dictionary tabs. Right-click any Strong’s Number, letter-tag, or English word and choose “Dictionary Lookup” (but letter-tags have to be highlighted first). Or type the item into the dictionary look-up field (but if the lookup field is missing, drag the right-hand side of the dictionary window to expose it). Then cycle through the dictionary tabs to see which ones returned relevant information. Obviously Websters dictionary will not produce information relevant to Strong’s numbers. (The Packard and Robinson dictionaries are for letter-tags).

[See Below for More Help with Sword Project or Back to Table of Contents]   




Click the magnifying glass to bring up the search window  whose misleading title bar often reports the wrong Bible until during or after the search. Choose "Custom Range" and then manually type a range of books to search such as "Romans-Galatians."

- SWORD PROJECT’S VERSE-SEARCH ENGINE REPORTS NOT THE NUMBER OF HITS BUT THE NUMBER OF VERSES CONTAINING HITS. Thus if five verses each contain two instances of the hit, it will only report five hits where other programs would report ten hits.

-It might be better to use engines other than Sword Project for searches because, to begin with, Sword Project’s default search mode is, confusingly enough, always a double wildcard. Thus “roll” is read as *roll* and pulls up roll, scrolls, trolls, trolley, etc. Likewise Strong’s number 13 pulls up  Strong’s Numbers 13 and  513 and  2213 and  1355, etc. (but you can prevent this by using angle brackets such as <13>).  The currently Active Bible must be Strong-numbered for such a search to work. 

- You cannot manually add the question mark wildcard and asterisk wildcard to the search field since Sword Project always assumes a double-asterisk wild card to begin with..


Keeping this double-asterisk wildcard in mind, note there are three search styles, namely "Multiple word," "Phrase," and "Regular expression." Typing in a single keyword produces identical results in all three styles, namely, a list of all double-wildcard appearances of that keyword. The three styles do not differ in results until you attach additional spaces or words to a keyword. Let’s examine the three styles.


(1) "Multiple word" style means the AND operator. Thus typing in “love Christ pity” is read as “love AND Christ AND pity.” A verse must have all three keywords to qualify – well, not exactly, since this is wildcard searching. Therefore a verse could qualify if it has any derivative of each of the three keywords such as “gloves antichrist serendipity” because these three words contain love, Christ, and pity.


(2) "Phrase Search" style links your keywords into an unbreakable phrase. Thus "God is kind" pulls up verses with that exact phrase – well, once again, this is wildcard searching, so a verse could qualify with “Mr. Thurgod is kindling a fire” since this phrase contains “God is kind.” (If you have a second phrase such as "Christ died," and you only want verses with both phrases, then, after the "God is kind" search, do a search on the results (by using the "search current results" option), this time searching only for "Christ died." This will eliminate all verses except those with both phrases. If you possess a third phrase, just do a third search using the "search current results" option.


(3) "Regular expression" style uses the vertical bar (“|”) as the OR operator if no spaces surround the bar. Phrases can be used. Thus “King Tom|Lady Ann” would only find verses with either of the two phrases “King Tom” or “Lady Ann” or both  – well, not exactly, since this is wildcard searching. So a verse could qualify with “making tomorrow successful” (which contains “King Tom”) or “a terrible malady annihilated them” (which contains “Lady Ann”). 


- While this AND operator and OR operator are helpful, we found no NOT operator to do exclusions, that is, an option for “find verses with none of the following words.” This deficiency was disappointing.


There is a way to do regular, non-wildcard searching. Choose "Regular Expression" style with the following modifiers \<love\>  The slashes tell the program that a modifier is coming. The angle brackets mean "no wildcards." Applying this syntax to complex queries becomes unbearably confusing, however.

- Most programs that tally Strong’s numbers, including the Sword Project, cannot automatically tally the occasions that a given Greek or Hebrew word such as dunamis was translated into a particular English word such as power.  In other words most programs lack a true concordance in contrast to E-sword’s King James Concordance.

- Incidentally, here’s how to make your keyboard type Greek and Hebrew characters.


[End of Quickstart Help for Sword Project.  Back to Table of Contents]


                        How to Reformat Your Hard Drive


- The present writer is no expert on computers but nonetheless has successfully reformatted his hard drive a couple of times. Three safety steps are recommended. You may choose all or none. (1) Burn a backup mirror-image of your entire system to a CD for emergency recovery. (2) Either burn to a CD, or copy to a Zip drive (or even to a floppy in the case of minimal data), any files difficult or impossible to re-create or to find on CDs. (3) Either burn to a CD, or copy to a Zip drive, all your device-drivers.

- You will also need a Windows installation CD whether Win95, 98, 2000, ME, or XP (whereas Windows NT is probably too thorny for beginners to reformat). You will find the CD-password, about 20 characters long, on the sticker affixed to the Windows manual or to the computer itself.

- Windows 95, 98, and ME users will need a Windows-98-style bootable floppy (unless your computer shipped with a special bootable recovery CD).  All Windows 2000 and XP CDs are bootable unless you have an old computer with a non-bootable CD-Rom. Set the BIOS to boot either from the floppy or the CD depending on your version of Windows.

- If you booted from the CD, look for an option to “delete the existing partition” (=reformat the entire hard drive).  Windows 95, 98, and probably ME as well do not offer this option. Nor do all recovery CDs. You are seeking complete erasure. Therefore avoid any options to merely overwrite the Windows folders, or repair the existing Windows installation, or add a new Windows installation alongside the current Windows folders (click here to read typical options that the CD will propose).

 If your hard drive is 20 gigabytes, you will be installing Windows to a partition roughly 19, 900 megabytes. If it is 5 gigabytes, the partition will be roughly 5000 megabytes. And so on, because a gigabyte is 1000 megabytes.

-  If you booted the floppy, at the A-prompt (A:\>) type the command


Or better yet,


The /S-switch commands DOS to put the system files (the boot files) on the C:drive after the format (the erasure). The /Q-switch erases the drive’s table of contents instead of erasing the actual data (hence the name “quick-format”).  Ignore the warnings about loss of all data. (If you have a secondary drive and/or partition dedicated for data, not for bootup, erasing the C:drive will leave the secondary location intact).   You don’t need to assign the disk a label (a name) when prompted.

- When the format is complete, insert your Windows CD and determine the CD-ROM drive letter. Start by assuming it is the E:drive. Activate the E:drive by typing E: plus Enter to change the prompt from the A-prompt (A:\>) to the E-prompt (E:\>). At the latter prompt type the command:

DIR /p

You will see a listing of all the filenames in the main file-area of the E:drive (versus peering into a subfolder), which is the main-file area of the CD if the CD-Rom drive is indeed the E:drive. (Otherwise try the letter F).  One of the files in the main file-area should be “Setup” for Windows-Setup. Assuming the E-drive is the CD-Rom, type

E:Setup to launch the installation of Windows.

Proceed with Installing Windows.

- The present writer does not assign a password to the system because it tends to slow down future bootups. Rather he hits Enter to bypass any password fields. However, Windows does require you to assign a name to the computer.

-You may at times be asked to specify the location of data. For example you might be asked for a driver, for instance the modem driver. If you took safety step 3, try inserting your special driver disk or CD, browse to the correct folder of drivers, and click OK. If not, rummage through your CDs looking for, in this case, the one with the modem driver. Sometimes Windows won’t tell you which device it is seeking a driver for. “PCI” devices are usually add-in cards such as modem cards, sound cards, network cards, and video-cards. If you can’t find the driver, hit “Cancel” to skip it. Later you will have to go Start-Settings-Control-Panel-System-Hardware looking for devices with question marks indicating that no driver was loaded. Right-click on each, choose properties, click “Update Driver,” and make another effort to browse to the correct driver.

- Having removed your Win98 CD to put in the driver CD, Windows might stop and say, “We were unable to locate the next file.” Reinsert your Windows CD and, if necessary, the path of the Windows files such as E:\win95 or D:\win98 (depending on the drive letter for your CD-ROM).

  Install your printer if not already done.  (Open WordPad at Start-Programs-Accessories-Wordpad to see if it can print a page).

-  Complete what we would call a “light installation.” Make sure there are no question marks as discussed above (although the writer purposely left a question mark for a network card whose installation only slows down reboots)  Install the smallest and most basic programs such as the CD-burning program, Norton Antivirus, and your favorite word-processor (but not a comprehensive Office Suite). Find your internet CD, if necessary, Get your internet service up and running. You may need your internet CD to do this. Otherwise you might have to get an AOL or MSN internet CD from a local computer store for a temporary account until you can obtain another copy of your internet CD.

- If for some reason you can’t find a driver, try to download it from

- Then, if you followed safety step 1, consider repeating that step to burn a copy of this “light installation” to a CD, in fact two copies. You will then be at full liberty to experiment with your computer in any fashion without concerns over recovery.


          Safety Step 1: Make A Backup Copy of Your Hard Drive


- Many name brand computers ship with a bootable recovery CD that will rapidly reininstall Windows but has no knowledge of programs, device drivers, and data written upon it after arrival. Admittedly this problem is not insurmountable, since you could reload all your programs, dig up all your device-driver CDs, and download any missing drivers from (www.)  But what if you needed to recover from a crash within 15 minutes? Use the following method.

- You will pay about $50 for a CD-burner, $10 for a stack of 20 blank (CD-R) CDs (32x speed or  faster), and $20 for the program Image for DOS. While there are plenty of Windows-based image-programs, what happens if a virus prevents Windows from even partially booting up? You would have to first re-install Windows the slow way unless your computer is a namebrand such as Dell or Gateway that ships with a bootable recovery CD.  Image-For-DOS will put a Windows-image of your drive on a bootable CD for quick recovery even from an unbootable Windows  (unless you have a pre-1996 computer incapable of CD-booting).

- You will need to create a Windows-98-style bootable floppy.

- Download Image-for-DOS. Right-click to unzip Image-for-DOS to a folder containing several files.  (Be forewarned that an image created with the trial version remains bootable only until the trial period expires a few weeks later. Afterwards you will need a Window 98 bootable floppy to use the CD now unusable until you  pay for, download, and unzip the licensed version). One of the unzipped files, CDBOOT.F35, is a flag-file that, when present in the Image-for-Dos folder, signals Image-for-Dos to inscribe a bootable image on the burned CD. Consequently you won’t need your Windows-98 bootup floppy to restore the image after a computer crash.

 - To put Image-For-DOS in easy reach, hit control A or Edit-SelectAll followed by control-C or Edit-Copy, and then paste the files into a C:drive folder entitled “image.” To create “image,” open MyComputer and click open the C:drive. Right click inside the C-window and select New-Folder. Now assign a name, or right-click to rename, the folder “image.” Right-click within “image” to paste the files into “image.”

- Image-For-DOS probably uses data-compression but still requires perhaps one CD per gigabyte (=1000 Megabytes) of hard-drive data. In MyComputer right-click the C:drive and choose Properties to see how large and how full your hard drive is.  You may have to delete some preserved data if you want your image to fit on three CDs or less. You could also uninstall huge programs such as video games, Microsoft Office (=Excel, Word, Power Point, etc), photo-editing software, and downloaded music. To see how large a given folder is, right-click it and choose properties.

- Reboot from the Win-98 floppy. When the highlighted option for CD-Rom support appears, press Enter to accept it. At the A-prompt (A:\>),  type C: to institute the C-prompt (C:\>), activating the C:drive. A prompt is like a window except the files and folders do not display on screen until you type DIR plus Enter.  Try it, but make it DIR /P (the page-switch) to see a page at a time. You want to reach the subfolder of the C:drive entitled “image.” To change the current window from the main folder to a subfolder, type the command CD (“Change Directory) plus the subfolder’s path. Thus you would type:

CD C:\image

The prompt (>) should change to reflect the fact that “image” is now the active window. The prompt should now be: C:\image> instead of just C:\>.

-Next locate the ramdrive, usually the D:drive. Type D: to activate the D:drive. At the D-prompt (D:\>), type DIR or DIR /P. You should see the word ramdrive somewhere near the top of the screen. If not, type E: to activate the E:drive and type DIR again.  When you have located it, activate the C:drive again. It should still be as you left it, that is, with the “image” folder activated and hence with the prompt C:\image>.  Now you will copy the Image-for-Dos files to the ramdrive.  The reason is to preserve the purity of the process. You want the C:drive perfectly still, totally inactive, to create a perfect image even as a painter needs a still model.  Forcing the ramdrive to run Image-for-Dos enables the C:drive to relax motionless. The command that copies the Image-for-Dos files to the ramdrive (assuming your ramdrive turned out to be the D:drive) is this:


Copy   *.*    D:


(The asterisks are wildcards that encompass all filenames. You need two wildcards because a filename in DOS consists of both a prefix and a suffix separated by a period such as myfile.exe). Your computer assumes that since the currently active window is C:\image,  the files will be copied only from the folder “image.” If another window were active, you have to tell DOS specifically to ignore the active window and look instead to the “image” folder. To do this you would need to type the path of “image” thus:


Copy C:\image\*.* D:

This command translated would read:

Copy all files from the C-subfolder entitled “image” to whatever window (whatever folder) is currently active on the D:drive. 

The two backslashes indicate folders. The first backslash stands for the main folder that constitutes the C:drive (it’s like opening the C-window in MyComputer). The second backslash tells Dos that “image” is a folder, not a single file.  (Otherwise DOS would look for a single filed called “image,”  if it existed, and copy it to the D:drive). The *.* is positioned to tell DOS to look for files within “image.”

 - Remember, you won’t have to deal with any of  this syntax once your bootable CD is completed. Just boot the CD to load the image.

- Now activate the ramdrive to run the program. Just type in D: if your ramdrive is the D-drive.

- Now simply type Image and press Enter. Your two choices will be to either create an image or restore a previously burned image. Choose “Create.” Next select your main hard drive – the bootup drive if you have two hard drives – which is “Hard Drive 0.” The next screen is simply a confirmation screen indicating how many megabytes make up the selected drive. Press Enter.  Your next two choices are to put the image either onto a CD or to a disk file. Choose CD.  Choose between either an Atapi  CD-drive or an Aspi-drives.  Choose Atapi (even if Aspi were the correct choice, the program would let you know that no Atapi burners are present).   The next screen is a confirmation screen indicating the brand name of your CD-burner (for example Sony CD-RW). Press Enter. The program will ask you to insert a blank CD to begin burning the image.  When that CD is full, you will be prompted to insert another.  You can use a permanent marker to label the TOP of the CDs (where TOP is from the standpoint of an inserted disk whose surface faces upwards toward the roof of the computer).

- The program might ask for permission to validate the image (verify the data). We always choose “No.”

- You might want to make a second copy of your hard drive.

- Obviously, restoring a burned image to a hard drive will overwrite all of the latter’s information. When your restore, the program will ask you to insert the last CD of the image-set to verify that you have a matched set. It will then ask you to insert the first CD. It does this even when there is only one CD in the “set”!

- Program limitations: You might have some difficulty trying to transfer this image to a different computer. The image probably won’t transfer to a hard drive of different size (at least the trial-version of Image-For-DOS so failed). Even if you move the old hard drive to the new computer, the new motherboard forces Windows to replace the old motherboard-drivers installed on the hard drive with new ones (especially if you switch from an Intel-based Pentium motherboard to an AMD Atholon-Duron motherboard). Windows seems to get confused during this process. The potential result is a system slightly less stable than Microsoft intended.


                              Safety Step 2: Preserve Important Data


- Important files can be burned to a CD or copied to a Zip disk.  While a CD holds 600 MB, a regular Zip disk only holds 100 MB and the larger ones 250 MB. A ZIP drive costs as much as a CD burner due to $7.00 per 100MB disk compared to fifty cents per CD. The main advantage of a Zip disk is that it is very easy and extremely convenient to use. (A Zip disk has nothing to do with zipping files, but you can indeed zip (compress) any file before burning it or copying it)

- See our discussion of uninstalling Logos and Libronix for tips on data to preserve.  Right-click any folder and click Properties to see its size. You could make a backup copy of the Libronix Resources folder of books and the Logos20 folder of books, any scanned photos, and any downloaded music. Also investigate your hard drive for any documents created in a word processor, often located in the MyDocuments folder on the Desktop. You can do a text-search rather than a filename-search to find your documents. If you do a lot of word-processing, make a copy of the custom dictionary (entitled Custom.txt in the case of Microsoft Word).  It contains any odd words that you added to the Microsoft dictionary during a spell-check. Click it open to verify the presence of words added by you. Use the copy to replace the fresh cutom dictionary supplied by the word-processor after reformatting.

- Know your internet service password to restore your dial-up, cable modem, or DSL service.


Safety Step 3: Preserve Your Device-Drivers


- WinDriversBackup is a free utility for copying your drivers to a file copyable in turn to a CD or Zip disk. Obtain it from

You can download the professional edition because the saved drivers will continue to work even after the 14-day trial period is over. You can then decide whether to register for $14.95, but you can download the free version anytime. (Annoyingly the password changes at each reinstallation even on the same computer. You obtain the new password for free by email. Fortunately this is not a program used very often). The program is simple to use but did not record our printer-driver. It has two basic options.

(1) Identify non-Microsoft drivers

(2) Identify all drivers

Microsoft Drivers are built-in Windows drivers probably unnecessary to back up. However, Windows occasionally asks you to specify the location of a file during installation. It is possible that the backup folder could come in handy if the file cannot otherwise be located. Therefore select option 2 “Identify all drivers” and, upon doing so, you will see the list appear. Only checkmarked drivers will be copied. At the right opt for “Select All” to checkmark all drive. Checkmarking them reveals the option to the back them up. By default the program will copy them the folder C:\MyDrivers. Just click open the C:drive in MyComputer to find the folder MyDrivers. Or select the option “Back Up Drivers in This Folder” to browse to a different folder as the backup destination.

- Right-click to copy MyDrivers to a Zip drive, or burn the folder to a CD. 

- WARNING: THE DRIVERS WILL ONLY WORK FOR THE INSTALLED VERSION OF WINDOWS WHETHER 95, 98, ME, 2000, NT, OR XP. If you install a different version of Windows, most of the drivers will be useless.


              Set the BIOS to Boot From Floppy or CD


The BIOS is the master program that provides the language whereby the computer receives instructions from DOS and Windows. The BIOS is actually a chip on the motherboard. User-preferences can be sent to the BIOS via a setup program activated by a hotkey at bootup. Reboot the computer on the lookout for a message on screen indicating the hotkey (usually the Delete key or F2). You must hit the hotkey before Windows takes over the bootup. Scroll through the menus, particulary the “Advanced Bios Features Menu” if present, looking for an option to specify the first, second, and third bootable drive. You will select either the floppy (the 3 ½ inch, 1.44 MB drive), or the CD-ROM, or the main drive (HDD-0) as the first bootable device depending on your purposes. DO NOT CHANGE ANY OTHER FEATURES IN THE BIOS PROGRAM. Keep in mind that your computer will refuse to bootup after installing Windows until you reestablish HDD-0 (hard disk drive zero) as the first bootable device.

- When attempting to boot from a CD, be on the lookout for a message onscreen stating, “You must hit any key now to boot from the CD-Rom.” Overlooking this message will cause the BIOS to default to the second bootable device. 


                            Old Computers with Non-bootable CD-drives


  If perchance you have an old, pre-1996 computer incapable of booting from a CD, the Windows-98 bootable DOS-floppy will suffice only if you intend to install Windows 95, 98, or ME.  DOS cannot read a Windows 2000, XP, or NT installation-CD (unless created by Image-For-DOS). In this case you have two choices. (Option 2 is quicker and easier than option 1, but we have never actually tested it on such an old computer). 


                              Option 1 For Non-bootable CD-drives


Read the Windows help file under “boot disks” (or search the Microsoft website) for instructions on creating a non-DOS bootable floppy capable of reading a Windows 2000, XP, or NT installation-CD. For example the Windows 2000 help file has a make-boot command copyable directly from the help file onto the Start-Run command line. That command is

D:\bootdisk\makeboot a: 

(assuming that D: is the CD-ROM drive that contains the Windows 2000 CD). Pressing Enter prompts you to insert a blank floppy – i.e., the first blank floppy. Windows 2000 required four blank floppies to create the boot-image needed to read the Windows 2000 installation-CD!


                              Option 2 for Non-bootable CD-drives


Option 2. The easiest conceivable way, admittedly untested by us, for an old computer with a non-bootable CD to install Windows 2000, XP, or NT is to use its existing installation of Windows to read the CD. This strategy will succeed only for those versions of Windows whose CD’s are willing to both (A) proceed with an installation even in the presence of an existing installation; and (B) fulfill your intention of purging (reformatting) the entire hard driven before reinstalling. It is our understanding that the CDs for Windows 95, 98, and ME do not lend themselves to both A and B. In fact even XP seemed too unwilling to bother researching. Windows 2000 (our operating system) is perhaps a different story. Our insertion of the Windows 2000 CD during a regular Windows session pulled up the Setup menu with the following two choices: (A) Upgrade to Windows 2000; (B) Install a new copy of Windows as a Clean Install. We selected choice B. The next menu offered the option to upgrade to the NTFS file system (versus the FAT32 file-format of Windows 95, 98, and ME). That is probably a good idea, but we declined for old-fashioned sake. The next menu offered a choice to either setup Windows 2000 or repair Windows 2000. Since we had in mind a complete purge (reformat), we chose “Setup Windows 2000.” The next menu redundantly offered a choice between “repairing” and “installing a fresh copy.” We chose the latter. This (finally!) took us to a menu offering to delete the existing installation (purge the existing partition). We accepted the offer. The next menu asked if Windows 2000 was to be installed on that same purged partition or some other partition. We had no intention of dividing our hard drive into multiple partitions and hence chose the former.  Next came a redundant choice between NTFS file-format and old-fashioned FAT32 file-format.



                               Create a Windows 98-style Bootable DOS-Floppy


Windows 98 is probably the only version of Windows that creates a bootable DOS-floppy suitable for creating a bootable CD.

- Windows 98 users can simply go to Start-Settings-ControlPanel-AddRemovePrograms and look for an option to create a startup disk.  Insert a blank floppy into the drive and voila!

- Those without Windows 98 can download from a program that imprints the very same Windows-98 bootable DOS-image to a floppy inserted into any computer. Topping the main menu at this website should be the listing:

DOS - Windows 9X/Me/NT/2K/XP Excellent - Bootdisks

Click Bootdisks to see a listing of downloadable DOS-images. Choose a Windows 98 OEM version of the DOS-image. Do not choose a Win98 version labeled “No ramdrive” because our recommended process does in fact use a ramdrive. Executing the downloaded file will prompt you to insert a blank floppy – and voila!

-  Slide open the floppy’s tiny plastic window to write-protect it. 

- Booting the floppy to DOS should the CD-Rom drive accessible. Reinsert the floppy and reboot. If the system boots to Windows reset the BIOS to boot from the floppy drive. When the system finally boots to DOS, an onscreen menu will have a highlighted option to start up with CD-Rom support. Hit Enter to accept this option apart from which the CD-Rom would be non-functional.  At the A-prompt (A:\>), type E: to change the active drive from the A:drive (the floppy drive) to the E:drive (usually your CD:Rom Drive). Put any CD in the drive and type DIR to get a directory-listing (a filename listing) of the drive’s contents. The filenames onscreen should match those seen on your CD when browsing it in Windows, except cut down to 8 characters.


                               Installing a CD Burner or Zip Disk


- You can either install the CD-burner in an empty 5 ½ inch bay or replace the old CD-Rom drive. A ZIP drive installs into an empty floppy-sized bay or uses a 5 ½ inch mounting bracket purchased separately (unless the fine print indicates that your Zip drive ships with a free bracket). About $40 will purchase an Iomega Zip drive from (www.) Spend a buck or two on an IDE ribbon cable if not sure whether one is needed.

- CD-devices seem notorious for performing at less than their rated speed. The present writer’s Sony CD burner was inexpensive and yet is both quick and reliable. Its speed-rating is 48x12x48.  It has sold for as little as $40 at (www.) Make sure the fine print indicates “Buffer Under-run Protection,” as the Sony label usually does, to reduce the number of crashed CDs. Make sure it comes with free bundled burner-software, preferably Nero software, because the software costs about $25 purchased separately. Purchase CDs of type CD-R at least 16x (preferably 32x). (CD-RWs are rewriteable but seem too unstable for long-term storage).  CD-R disks also record music but probably need to be of higher speeds than 16x for best results. 

- Although the experts warn that magnetized screwdrivers can fry the motherboard, you can probably get away with them unless you accidentally drop them onto the board. We have used them several times without a problem.

- You can put the Zip drive in a floppy-size slot if your computer case exhibits an unused one. Don’t be afraid to use pliers to rip open the metal casing inside the computer to gain access to it. Especially do not hesitate to remove the plastic slot-covers best removed from the inside of the computer. Usually you can succeed without cracking either the covers or the outer case.  If your computer only has a full-size slot (CD-ROM size) available, hopefully your Zip drive shipped with a full-sized mounting-bracket (a 5 ½ inch bracket). Otherwise you will have to purchase one. If neither is available, you could still buy a USB-port external burner or Zip drive, but Image-For-DOS is probably limited to internal IDE drives.

- A regular, unmodified PC can have up to four drives in virtue of a 40-pin IDE pad on the motherboard. The IDE ribbon cable that runs from the pad to the drive has a second connector midway down the cable for a second drive. The motherboard also has a second 40-pin IDE pad for two more drives. Hence the normal total of four possible drives.

- Many motherboards label the two 40-pin pads “Primary IDE controller” and “Secondary IDE controller.” If you are looking at this label upside down, pin 1 is to the right. If you are reading it right-side up, pin 1 is to the left (as would be expected since we read from left to right). The red stripe running down one side of the ribbon capable is the side that connects to pin one. As for the drive itself, pin 1 is always closest to the drive’s power-cord inlet and hence in the middle of the drive. Just look at the hard drive cable to verify which side pin 1 falls on.  Computers are surprisingly resilient; the cables generally will do no damage if plugged in improperly except for the two special power-cables plugged into the motherboard which virtually no would attempt to remove and transpose (P8 and P9). Power cables are multicolored sowing threads that look like speaker-wire and end in a white plastic 4-pin connector. Data cables are not threads but gray strips about two inches wide.

 The main hard drive connects to the primary IDE 40-pin pad. If you are aiming only for a total of three drives or less, you can leave the speedy hard drive as a standalone device versus slowing it down by attaching a second drive to the primary ribbon cable.  (By the way the primary ribbon cable for most post-2001 modern drives is actually “fast cable.” Its three connectors (one to the motherboard, two for drives) are color-coded for proper installation and resulting speed. As we recall, the black end is for the hard drive, the blue end for the motherboard, and the gray mid-connector for any kind of second drive.  The secondary ribbon cable lacks such requirements; just make sure that the long end connects to the motherboard versus the short end comprised of the two drive-connectors spaced close together.

- Most modern ribbon cables are “keyed” to preclude inserting a connector upside down. 

- Recently our non-working floppy drive put the floppy cable under suspicion. Unfortunately the only other floppy cable in the house was from a brand-name manufacturer that, to our surprise, leaves one of the pinhole sockets filled in with plastic instead of drilled open. There was no way to plug this cable into a standard motherboard containing all the pins. Equally surprising, however, was that a hole hand-drilled by a sowing needle not only facilitated attachment but restored the drive to full functionality!

- It is a good idea to remove your shoes and socks to reduce the risk of frying the motherboard with static electricity.  Other than the power supply, however, which is the 4x4x4 inch metal cube to which the power cord plugs in (and virtually no one would be foolish enough to open this cube),  the parts inside a computer are low enough in voltage to safely toy with pretty much in any manner desired.

- Once the drives are installed, boot the computer before putting the cover on. There is no need to bother with the cover until everything is working properly.  Covers are difficult to put on because there is usually no easy way to tell whether they are supposed to slide into place or snap into place. But make no mistake about it – all computers except laptops are designed with the expectation that the user will eventually want to open it for an upgrade. Even cases made of cheap plastic can usually survive this experience, and a cracked case does not spell disaster for a computer.

- Given that an IDE 40-pin pad is designed for two drives, you have to designate one of the two as the “master” and the other as the “slave.” For this purpose each drive usually has a set of about 6 jumper pins arranged in two rows of three. A tiny plastic jumper embraces two pins at a time. The diagram at the top of the drive indicates which set of two pins mean master when jumped, and which two mean slave. Assuming you are attaching the new drive to a cable already in place, that is, to a cable with a drive already attached, you can assume that the drive already present is already set to be the master. While some people prefer to make the new drive the master for a possible increase in speed, a beginner should probably take the simpler route of setting the new drive to be slave.  (However,  even the beginner will have to re-jump the master drive if it has two special jumper-pins to indicate, “This is the master drive, but a slave drive is now present.” Only suspect this possibility  if one of the drives won’t work).

- Attach any of the power cords to the drive. This is not so difficult, but removing an attached power cord can be a monstrous task. Try wriggling it while yanking it out. You will have to use your hands since pliers would almost certainly damage it.

- If the installed drive fails to appear in the MyComputer window, you might need to inform the BIOS that you installed a new drive. For example the BIOS menu might state:

Master drive on primary IDE controlller: Enabled

Slave drive on primary IDE controller: Disabled

Master drive on secondary IDE controller: Enabled

Slave drive on secondary IDE controller: Disabled.


You would change the final “Disabled” to “Enabled” if you just attached a second drive to  the second 40-pin pad..

- Your old CD-Rom probably played fine music in virtue of a thin  cable to the sound card, much like speaker cable.  If you intend to keep both a regular CD-Rom and a CD-burner in place, decide which one is to play music and transfer the cable if necessary, unless you have one of those recent sound cards with multiple sockets for multiple cables.

- Any drive listed in the MyComputer window probably installed properly.

- A Zip drive is just like using a floppy drive. Click open Zip-drive icon in the MyComputer window and right-click to copy and paste files into the Zip drive window..

- For a CD burner, you first have to use the installation CD that shipped with the drive to install the burner-program such as Nero or Roxio. There should actually be two burner-programs, one for regular, once-only burning (it uses CD-R disks) and one for rewriteable burning (it uses CD-RW disks. First let’s discuss regular, once-only burning. You don’t have to load both programs. Many people probably don’t use rewriteable disks.

- Start up the burner program. A popular option is “CD-Copy.” You should have two backup copies of every highly valued CD in your household because they are easily scratched. The program will ask you to specify the source-drive, that is, the drive that contains the original  CD to be copied. You can conveniently use the old CD-rom drive, if still installed, as the source drive. Burning directly from the old CD-Rom drive to the CD-burner is a quick, convenient process often called “burning on-the-fly.” Otherwise you will have to designate the burner to be the source drive. In that case insert the original CD into the drive and allow the program to first copy the data to your hard drive, usually to an image file on the C:drive entitled image.nrg (click open the C-drive in MyComputer to find it, or try a search). If you specified that you wanted five copies, the program will automatically preserve the image for that duration, asking you to insert another blank disk after each completion. You might find an option to permanently preserve the image after the process for a future duplication, but you in that case you should find and copy the image to another folder to prevent overwriting it accidentally on another burn. To re-use a preserved image, find the command to “burn an existing image” and expect to see an option to browse to the image’s location.  Select the image from the browser window and click Open.

- Always look for an option to allow the program to determine the maximum speed. After all, if you attempt to burn a 16x CD at a speed of 48x, the process might crash. A blank CD that crashed during a burn is unusable. The programs are smart enough to know, however, that a 16x CD can at times be burned at 48x. Let the program decide.

- Another important function is making a Data-CD. Selecting this function enables you to designate important files and data burnable to a CD for backup purposes. The same option, “make a Data-CD,” also appears under the rubric “New Image” on the File menu. The screen usually divides at this point into two browser windows. One of them is empty, the other a standard browser window. Any files and folders that you copy (or drag with the mouse in some cases) from the full window into the empty window will be set up for burning. Usually a meter at the bottom reports whether you have exceeded the limit of 600 megabytes.  When you are finished setting up the burn, find the option to “Write CD” (usually on the File menu) whence the program will ask you to insert a blank CD-R. If you chose the option “begin multisession CD” you can later select “continue multisession CD” to repeatedly add data in any number of subsequent burns known as subsequent sessions (although you cannot re-write those sectors already burned).

- CD-RWs (rewriteables) are less stable than CD-R. However, if you are writing a book and don’t want to continually waste CD-Rs, you can buy 7 CD-RWs labeled from Sunday through Saturday (preferably 14 CD-RWs). For example on Wednesday night save your book to the  CD(s) labeled Wednesday. On Thursday night save it to the CD(s) labeled Thursday.

- CD-RWs function like a large floppy disk. You might recall that floppies have to be formatted although usually sold pre-formatted. To the best of our recollection, you first have to start up the CD-RW program. Then look in your system tray at the bottom right for a corresponding icon. Right-click and choose “format.” We seem to recall that the initial format was painfully slow, about 20 minutes, but afterwards you could do a quick format. Thus if you get a warning that the disk has become unstable, you can  copy the data to your Desktop, do a quick-format, and then copy the data back to the CD-RW. By the way, you generally cannot eject a CD-RW with your hands. Normally you have to right-click either the tray-icon (at the bottom right) or the drive-icon (in MyComputer) and select “eject” from the right-click menu. 



                                       DOS Defined


- DOS stands for Disk Operating Sytem. It  was the dominant operating system of IBM-compatible computers until Windows captured the scene. An operating system is a program that advances the BIOS  program by running more devices or in more complex ways than the BIOS could run on its own, by supplying a series of bonus programs useful to some users, and by communicating with users in language far more plain than the numeric codes constituting the BIOS program.

- Windows advances DOS in precisely the same three areas that DOS had advanced the BIOS. Windows also manages about two hundred times more memory locations than DOS could coordinate, enabling users to run sophisticated, huge programs - such as Libronix!



                                  Loading a Driver


- A driver is a program that runs a device. The BIOS of modern computers has built-in drivers for essential devices such as the hard drive, keyboard, monitor and mouse. Some people basically replace these built-in drivers with more sophisticated versions such as those used to facilitate a USB keyboard, a wireless mouse, and an AGP video card.

- In addition to the drivers built into the BIOS, a Windows installation-CD contains numerous device-drivers supplied to Microsoft by device-manufacturers. Some of these devices are so standard that built-in Windows-drivers can run them even when manufactured after that version of Windows. For example Windows 95 can run any CD-burner, Zip-drive, or DVD Rom drive created for post-Windows-95 computers. However, Windows 95 runs a CD-burner as though it were a mere CD-Rom until the user installs the special driver needed to unleash its burning capability.

- A driver-program sometimes won’t work if you install it before Windows perceives the device, or to a window other than a Windows device-perception window, or to a Windows perception-window of a wrong device. The driver won’t work if  Windows is uncertain which device it is supposed to run. A device-perception window enables you to designate the perceived device as the driver’s target.

- Windows has two varieties of device-perception windows differing primarily in appearance. One type puts a message onscreen stating, “Windows has found new hardware” followed by messages such as, “Windows is locating the software for your new hardware,” and possibly, “Windows is installing the software for your new hardware.” This last message means that Windows found and installed a suitable driver. Otherwise you will see a message such as, “Windows was unable to locate a driver for this device” with an option to specify the location of the driver. Windows has always allowed you to specify the CD-ROM as the location of the driver-CD, but was apparently too obtuse in Windows 95 and Windows 98 (and Windows  ME?) to automatically search all the subfolders of that CD. You had to look for the browser option and then browse the subfolders on the CD. You would usually succeed if you found a subfolder entitled “Drivers” with a subfolder entitled “Windows 95” or “Windows 98.” Annoyingly enough, in many cases Windows still refuses to install the driver until you browse to the folder a second time – even though already aware of the driver-filename before you specified its location! (In fact one way to know that you found the right driver is when the filename already onscreen matches the filename that suddenly appears underneath it when you click open the correct driver-folder).

- The second device-perception window is located at Start-Settings-ControlPanel-System-DeviceManager (or Hardware). Here you will see a listing of all devices currently perceived by Windows. Windows may list the device under “Other” if unsure as to is nature due to lack of a driver. Windows expresses its uncertainty by placing a question mark next to its listing. Windows also places an exclamation point next to a device in conflict with another device. To load a driver from this perception-window, right-click the device-listing and choose Properties. Select the Driver tab and click “Update Driver.” You will eventually encounter a browser window for specifying the driver’s location (presumably on the driver-CD ).

- If your device is not listed in the device-perception window, Windows has failed to detect it, perhaps due to a conflict. For example video cards can conflict with a motherboard video-chip built-in precisely to spare a person the expense of purchasing a video card.  Windows 2000 refused to boot all the way in our case of such a video-conflict. Such computers will have two video-outlets attachable to the monitor cord, one linked to the onboard video-chip and the other to the purchased video card. Probably a similar conflict could occur in the case of a sound card installed on a motherboard with built-in sound-chips. These computers will likewise have two separate sets of sound ports attachable to speaker cords, one set of ports linked to the onboard sound chip and the other to the purchased sound card. In the case of our vide-conflict we had to reboot holding down the F8 key to bring  up the emergency menu, choose to boot Windows in  “Safe Mode,” and then go to Start-Settings-ControlPanel-System-Hardware (or ”Device Manager”) to disable  the built-in video-chip driver from the right-click menu (because choosing to “remove” the video-chip driver merely prompted Windows to reinstall it on the next reboot). On reboot Windows finally perceived our video card and asked for the driver-disk.  Conflict resolved! (The screen was not quite crystal clear, however. We still had to go to Start-Settings-ControlPanel-Display and toy with both the resolution and the number of colors).

- Printer-drivers do not necessarily install from the two regular device-perception windows. In many cases the user must go to Start-Setting-Printers-AddPrinter.  You should have your printer connected and the power turned on before you make this attempt. This will increase the likelihood that Windows will perceive the printer. Set it up as a “local” printer versus a “network” printer serving networked computers.

-Until the recent frequency of USB-port printers, most printers connected to the “printer port” officially known as LPT1.







This section is a glossary in the general sense of a collection of essays placed at the end of the book to avoid cluttering the main discussions.


How to Browse a Path to Find Folders (Main Glossary)


- A browsing-window allows you to select a particular folder or file from a list of installed drives and their subfolders. It may appear to offer access only to the C: drive when in fact carefully scrolling its drop-down drive-menu (which takes patient scrutiny and practice) usually exposes the A:drive, the  D:drive, the E:drive – however many drives are installed

- A browsing-window is actually an alternative view of an important folder known as the Desktop. A browsing-window lists the Desktop’s submodules in headings preceded by a color icon and typically a plus sign (+). Sometimes you have to scroll upward in a browsing-window to see the usual first line of text  (usually “Desktop”). A sample is as follows:




   +MyComputer (click this +  to see all drives)

   +My Network (click this + to see linked computers)

     Recyle Bin

     Internet Explorer


The above format appears in a popular two-paned browsing-window named Windows Explorer (not Internet Explorer) found at Start-Programs-WindowsExplorer. The plus signs (+) next to a heading indicates that the heading encompasses at least one openable module whether a drive, folder, or networked computer. (The “Recycle Bin” heading has no plus sign because its subfolders are not openable).  Clicking a plus sign displays the openable modules. (Some one-paned browsers do not attach plus sings to the headings). The left-hand pane of a two-paned browsing-window does not show the individual files but rather only the submodules whether drives, folders, or networked computers. The right-hand pane can show both submodules and individual files.  In fact, clicking a module in the left-hand pane displays both its submodules and its individual files in the right-hand pane.  One-paned browsers often show no individual files at all or limit the list of individual files to those of the type currently to be selected by the user (since selecting a particular file is a common purpose for a browser window). Some one-paned browser-windows such as the File-SaveAs window accessed from a main menu, may have a field where you can type the double-wildcard *.* to force the window to display all types of files, not just the type to be selected.

- A computer stores its programs and data on the hard drive called the C:drive or “Local Disk (C:).” Similar information can also be stored on the floppy drive, called the A:drive, as well as CD-Rom drives and Zip drives assigned letters such as D:drive or E:drive. The MyComputer window on the Desktop has a lettered-icon for each installed drives. You can click the icon to access the drive, or right-click it and select Open.

- Each file or folder on any drive has a unique location called a path. The path to a file specifies the route to its containing-folder. Thus a path is not just an address (a location) but also a folder. The main area of a drive – the first  part of the drive that is accessible prior to delving into its folders and subfolders – is know as the “root directory” indicated by the first backslash (“\”) in the path. For example C: is the hard drive, and C:\  refers to the root directory of the hard drive.  Consider the following path:


This means that a file entitled DataStorage.doc is located on the root directory the C:drive. To access DataStorage.doc, simply click open the C-drive icon in the MyComputer window on the Desktop and look for the file by name. 

- If a file is hidden within a series of nested folders, the path identifies each subfolder. Take for example the path:


To find the file DataStorage.doc, click open the C:drive looking for the yellow folder Database, then the subfolder Storage, then the subfolder RecentStorage, then the actual file (DataStorage.doc). From Window-98 onward, you can jump to any folder by typing or pasting its path into any address bar.

- The main path for Libronix files is usually

C:\Program Files\Libronix DLS

- The two main paths to Logos files are usually:



If the file or folder currently sought is located on a CD-Rom drive, Zip drive, or floppy drive, the path begins not with C: (the hard drive) but with the appropriate drive-letter whether A:, D:, E:, F:, etc. The MyComputer window indicates the drive-letters.

Purchase Books in Logos format or Libronix format? (Main Glossary)

Speed and functionality are equally valuable. The Libronix engine upgrades the Logos-engine in the sense of adding more features and functions but is disappointingly slower than Logos.  We tested Libronix on a 256MB RAM 500mhz Celeron Dell computer (7200 RPM Maxtor hard drive) and a speedy Abit-motherboard 900mhz Duron computer 256MB RAM (7200 RPM Maxtor hard drive). Both machines were equipped with excellent video cards.

- Also, printing in Libronix can be a bit inconvenient. It is a good idea to purchase books in the older Logos format since Libronix will access them anyway. That way you can access both programs depending on your present needs.


Libronix’s Location Manager Window (Main Glossary)


The “List Resources” field displays the source of books to be copied to the (Libronix) Resources folder on the hard drive (the C:drive). That source should be the CD-ROM drive and hence the option, “Unlocked [books] on Removable Media.” A CD is a removable storage-medium. The alternative option “All [books] on Removable Media” would include locked demo-books added to the CD to entice your purchase. However, purchasing a new unlock code for each desired book becomes too expensive and results in too many codes for convenience. Instead you should purchase Libronix books in large CD-collections unlocked by simply installing the CD.  Two other options, “All [books[ on local  drives,” and “Unlocked [books] on local drives” set up Libronix to copy Logos books already on the hard drive into the Libronix folder. But why consume space with a needless second copy?  Two final options are, “All [books] on a network drive” and “Unlocked [books] on a network drive.” If another computer is serving the books to your computer across a network, you could potentially speed up your access to the books by copying them to your computer.






  Other error-messages, less frequent, are documented here. Most can be fixed by a purge-and-reinstall. 

- “Another version of this product is already installed. Installation of this version cannot continue. To configure or remove the existing version of this product, use Add/Remove Programs on the Control Panel.” At least three versions of Libronix are presently available. You have probably installed a file from two versions at once.  Uninstall the unwanted version before installing the desired version.

- “A required .DLL file, STL45.dll, was not found.” Go to the Installs folder whether on the Libronix CD or among the unzipped files and try uninstalling and reinstalling DLSsetup.exe.  Failing that,  purge and reinstall.

-  “The dynamic link library icuin24.dll could not be found in the specified path.” The Libronix 2.0 installation-module CommonSystemFiles.msi (located in the Installs folder on the CD or among the unzipped files) creates icuin24.dll later summoned by LDLS.exe. The two-step installation automatically executes CommonSystemFiles.msi to create icuin24.dll. A more likely source of this error is failing to complete our purge-instructions.  The unpurged Libronix 2.0-file LDLS.exe attempts to summon the 2.0-file icuin24.dll even when 1.x is now being reinstalled! 1.x is supposed to create a 1.x version of LDLS.exe that summons icuin21.dll. Thus 1.x should neither create nor summon icuin24.dll. 

- “A required .DLL file, ICUIN21.DLL, was not found.” You probably failed to load. CommonSystemFiles.msi which creates this DLL.

- “The dynamic link library stl45.dll could not be found in the specified path.” This usually results from omitting the first step of the two-step installation. That first step is to run DLSsetup.exe.

- “Cannot delete [filename]: There has been a sharing violation. The source or destination file may be in use.” You are attempting to delete an open file. Windows usually refuses to delete any program or document currently executing in RAM memory.  Perhaps you closed the file, but it failed to exit memory properly. The solution is to bring up the Task list (control-alt-delete) which lists the programs that are executing. If the file you are trying to delete, or a closely related file, is currently executing, highlight it and select “End Task” or “End Process” (or whatever). If you can’t find it on the list, rebooting usually closes the file automatically.

   - When trying to do a Search, “An error has occurred. Line 4200 (GoToResource.html); ‘Application UserInterfaceData’ is null or not an object. Shell, “LDLS.en” [en-US].”  You probably have a 1.x version o of LibronixDLSApplication.msi installed when in fact you need the 2.0 version. Uninstall the 1.x version if possible and install the 2.0 version.

- DDraw.dll error. Occurs when opening the Home page in Libronix, download and install DirectX from



- Wordpad is a simple word processor located at Start-Programs-Accessories (unless your computer-vendor failed to load it from the Windows installation CD). You can still load it from the CD at Start-Settings-AddRemovePrograms and select AddRomoveWindowsComponents.  You can also make it your default word-processor.

- Make sure to enable word wrap. Select View-Options-Text-WrapToWindow.


Changing a Default Program such as Word-Processor  (Main Glossary)


If you want to preserve text quality,  pictures,  and fonts, make sure to save your documents in DOC format (Word format) or alternatively in RTF format (rich text format) rather than plain-text format (TXT format).   A light-weight word-processor such as Wordpad as that it tends to alleviate the problem of large programs such as Libronix vying for control of available memory at the expense of crashing the system.  

You can set up Windows to automatically open a particular word-processor of your choosing for each type of format (TXT, RTF, and DOC).  The present writer has often used WordPad as his default word-processor for TXT files (versus the ultra-lightweight default entitled “Notepad”) and the heavy-duty Microsoft Word for DOC and RTF files. WARNING: THIS PROCEDURE TO CHANGE A DEFAULT PROGRAM COULD IMPAIR ALL YOUR PROGRAMS IF EXECUTED IMPROPERLY.  Use the field at the bottom of the File-SaveAs window to save a document of any length in a particular format such as TXT, scrolling up the save window to select the Desktop as the destination. Then close the document, go to the Desktop,  highlight the document’s icon, and right-click on it while holding down the shift-key to make sure the “Open-With” command appears on the right-click menu (or choose Properties on the lookout for the option to choose a different program to open the file). Scroll down the resulting list of programs to select the word-processor of your choice, whether Wordpad, Word, the free Easy Word, or some other word-processor as the program to open this file. Checkmark the box “Always Use this program to open these files.” Click OK. Thenceforth Windows will always assign this word-processor to that type of document format.

    You should use the same method to create an HTML file and set up Internet Explorer as your default reader of HTML files. However, if you want to actually type text into a particular  HTML file or edit it any alternative way, use Start-Programs to  launch your heavy-duty word-processor, select File-Open, browse to that HTML file (probably on your Desktop), and click Open. To shortcut this method, Microsoft Word sets up the mouse to right-click any HTML file and choosing Edit. This only works for those who own Microsoft Word. You can purchase Word 2000 as a standalone program for only $30 on the Web).




One easy way to change your keyboard font to Greek or Hebrew is to simply copy or paste such text from a Bible program into your word processor. Another way is to use the Format-Font command of your word-processor to select a Greek font such as Greek2.  The font selector on the toolbar probably does not display Greek2 as an option. That is why you should use the Format-Font command instead.  To create accent marks such as a circumflex, type the letter and then hit special keys such as quotation mark keys (‘). Sometimes the shift-key must be depressed to get the desired effect. Inferior word processors such as Wordpad have trouble producing or retaining the stress marks.




- In both Logos and Libronix, a “hotspot” is any type of hyperlinked text. Single-clicking a hotspot has the same effect as single-clicking a web link, namely it takes you to related information. Logos has three main types of hotspots. (1) Those that reposition you within the current book, for instance forwarding you from a chapter-title in the table of contents to the actual chapter. (2) Those that open a window to display footnotes. (3) Those that open one or more books, called keylinks, which offer explanatory commentary on the hot text. For example if the hot text is a verse-reference such as Acts 10:17, the usual keylink activated by clicking this verse-reference is a Bible that opens up to display the verse. If the hot text is Strong’s Numbers, the usual keylink is a Hebrew or Greek lexicon providing the definition.

- Libronix allows you to deactivate certain hotspots at Tools-Options-Keylink-Display. Specify the type of hot text in the DataType field. Uncheck the checkbox “Make Hyperlink (Single-click performs keylink).” Apparently this tactic fails to deactivate certain hotspots evidently mandatory such as Strong’s Numbers.

- As for colors, in Libronix choose Tools-Options-General and select Text Display to see the default color for hotspots (also displayed here is the default color for search hits). Regardless of whether you accept or change the default color for hotspots, there is another window which can override this decision. That window is found at Tools-Options-Keylink-Display. There you will see a Data Type field where you can select, for example, “Greek Strong Numbers” which, it so happens, are always hot. You can then select one, and only one, of the following three color-choices for this Data Type (Greek Strong’s Numbers). Choosing “Hot” simply means to accept the default hotspot color selected in the other window. Choosing “Auto” overrides the other window by converting Greek Strong’s Numbers to Libronix’s preferred color for non-hot text (usually black). Your third option is to choose whatever color you like for Greek Strong’s Numbers, and this too overrides the other window.  To summarize, changing colors usually need not involve the first window because the second window overrides it. The first window is crucial only for assigning a color to search hits since the second window does not mention search hits. 




-Conducting research by surfing rather than downloading? The following are search engines for online reading. Articles, books, and commentary by both laymen and scholars are featured. [] [Bible Encyclopedia] [ theology of the church fathers] [Blue Banner] [Founders] [Alliance] [Mountain Retreat] [Reformation Ink] [His by grace] []  [Religion-online] [Pastor Net] [God Rules] [Faith Alone] [Biblical Horizons] [Bible History] [Doctrinal Studies]

 -The next set of sites for online reading are not necessarily search engines but offer classics or scholarly studies. [Christian classics] [Biblical Theology Index] [Quodlibet Journal] [Protestant Reformed Journal] [Contra Mundum] [[Founders] [Journal for Christian Theological Research] [Leadership U] [Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies] [Reformed resources] [Caledonian Fire] [Dabney's Systematic Theology] [Charles Hodge's Systematic Theology] [Calvin Institute] [Abraham Kuyper's writings] [Theologia] [Reformed Online] [God Rules]

- Search engines for locating free sermons or illustrations: [Sermon Central ] [The Biblical Studies Foundation]

-Free sermon illustrations and sermons Arranged by Index: [][Biblical Studies Foundation] [Ken Collins][Sound of Grace] [Spurgeon] [Free Sermon Illustrations]

-See also: [Various Christian Links]



E-sword’s Verse Trail Windows: A Side Note (Main Glossary)


In E-sword both the back-arrow and forward arrow each have at the right a tiny down-arrow that pops up a Verse Trail window.  Thus there are two Verse Trail windows, one for backtracking, the other for retracing. The backtrack window lists all verses currently available for backtracking; obviously if you backtrack all the way back, there will be no more verses left for backtracking, whence the backtrack window refuses to open. Likewise the retrace window lists all verses currently available for retracing; obviously if you retrace all the way forward, there will be no more verses available for retracing, when the retrace window refuses to open.



                                Version Number (Main Glossary)


A new version number is assigned to each fully revised, freshly published edition of a particular program.  The first published version is usually numbered 1.0, and minor revisions 1.1, then 1.2, or something similar. The second full revision is numbered 2.0, and then the next minor revision typically 2.1, then 2.2, and so on. The variable X encompasses all of the minor revisions in a class. Thus 1.x includes 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, etc. Normally you can find the version number on the installation CD or the packaging. Once installed, the program will usually display the version number if you select Help and then About from the main menu. For example, open up Internet Explorer (at Start-Programs or click the blue “e” on the Desktop) and then select Help-About.  Another way to find the version number is to search for the main program file, right-click on it to select Properties, and click the Version tab. For example right-click the blue “e” on the Desktop to determine the version of Internet Explorer. 

- Microsoft Windows generally has used an altogether different version-numbering system, by date. Thus we have Windows 95, 98, 2000, and Millenium. Minor revisions and additions are called service packs. Thus one could have Windows 95 service pack 1.

- Versions put out in the public for pre-publication testing are called “beta versions” which may contain many malfunctions called “bugs.” As of May 16th 2003 Logos claimed that Libronix beta version 2.0 was working quite well for the programmers but still needed testing among the public. Technical support for beta versions cannot be obtained from Libronix except from its website publication of “Known Issues” and online beta newsgroup. See our introduction to Libronix newsgroups for more information. You can download Libronix 2.0 free.



Searching For a File Whose Path is Unknown (Main Glossary)


-This discussion pertains to the option Start-Search-FilesAndFolders.

- One can easily browse to a file of known path. Otherwise from the Desktop choose Start-Find or Start-Search and select “Files or Folders” as the search target. In the search window make sure the proper drive is selected. Most problems call for searching the computers internal drive called the C:drive.   Checkmark the option “Include subfolders in search” if it appers.

-Type your keyword in the search field. When the candidates appear, you can find the path if you set your View-Options (or Tools-Options in Win 2000) to show the full path onscreen. Choose FolderOptions and select the View tab to checkmark the following boxes. 

-Display the full path in the address bar.

-Display the full path in the title bar

- Show hidden files and folders

- Hide protected operating system files (if this option appears)

- Remember each folder’s view settings.

- Hide file extensions for known file types (actually UNCHECK this option).

Click OK. Back to the search-window discussion. When the candidates appear, highlight any one of them and choose File-OpenContainingFolder.  When the folder-window that contains the file opens, the path to that containment-folder shows in the title bar. You can highlight that title and paste it into your word-processor if you might need this information later, for example if you want to browse the path manually.  Choose Edit-Copy (or ctrl-C) followed by Edit-paste (or ctrl-V). Or right-click click and choose Copy and then right-click and choose Paste.


Preserve User-Defined Settings for Reinstallation (Main Glossary)


- Libronix and Logos have a crucial feature for saving your activation codes to a file in order to preserve your access to potentially locked books. Use Tools-BackupLicenses (Libronix) and Tools-BackupLogosSystemFiles. Place a floppy disk in drive A. Scroll the drive list to select drive A as the destination. This might require careful clicking to scroll. Or just make the destination the C:drive for easy finding.  Type a name for the file or accept the default and click Save. 

- Your personal notes typed into Logos are safe during uninstallation unless stored in the Logos20 folder or LRSystem folder. You can use the wildcard-keyword *.not to locate them and make copies of them. However, we are not sure how to move them into Libronix except to tediously open them from Logos one by one, copy them into a word-processor, and then paste them into new Libronix notefiles created one by one. (This is why we don’t use Bible programs for recording notes!).

   -To preserve user-defined settings and personal notes in Libronix, find the two relevant folders and deposit a backup of them on the Desktop. They are both entitled Libronix DLS. Using “documents” as your search-keyword, find the “My Documents” folder that contains a subfolder entitled Libronix DLS. Right-click Libronix DLS and select Copy, and then right-click the Desktop to paste the copy. Right-click the copy and rename it to Libronix DLS-1 to prevent the second Libronix DLS folder from overwriting it. Now for the second folder. Using “application” as your second keyword, find the “Application” folder containing a subfolder entitled Libronix DLS. Right-click Libronix DLS to paste a copy on the Desktop.

-  On a piece of paper write yourself a memo to perform the following restoration after Libronix is installed.  Run the installed Libronix program at least once to make sure it re-creates on-the-fly these two folders. From your backup copies on the Desktop, copy all the files back into these two folders. (You can use Edit-SelectAll and Edit-Copy to mirror multiple files at once). Allow Windows to overwrite/ replace any files and folders there.


                              Desktop Defined (Main Glossary)


- The Desktop is basically a regular yellow folder on the hard drive (the C:drive) that one can easily browse to. Its principal difference from other folders is that Microsoft, when designing Windows, chose to fill the main screen, the screen that shows after booting up, with a display of its contents which, just like the contents of any folder, consist of files, yellow subfolders, and shortcut icons. The shortcut icons conveniently activate programs, whether built-in Windows programs or third-party programs added after Windows was installed. For example the MyComputer icon is a shortcut built into Windows for activating a built-in Windows browse-drive program that displays the drives for easy access to folders and files. In a sense the MyComputer Icon is a folder (though not yellow in color) that contains shortcut-icons to all the drives. Similarly the Network icon is basically a Desktop folder that contains shortcut-icons to computers if your computer is part of a local, in-house network.

- You can search for the Desktop folder by using “Desktop” as your keyword, thereby obtaining the path.  Several candidate folders named “Desktop” might appear during the search, but the true Desktop is the folder whose contents match the subfolders and icons on your visible Desktop. You can follow (“browse”) the path to get a better understanding of this folder’s location on the hard drive (the C:drive).



                            On-the-Fly Installations (Main Glossary)


- A program downloaded in the usual way is a self-contained file. As such, it is easy to share with others. Just copy the file to a floppy,  Zip disk, or a CD depending on its size. You can even email it to them depending on the file-size limitations of your email program.  When the recipient clicks on the file, the program will begin to install itself. What does “install” mean? First of all the downloaded file is generally a compressed file that self-expands (“unzips”) into several subfiles. Secondly the program has to stretch its tentacles into various areas of the enormously complex program manager entitled Microsoft Windows. For example it has to provide Windows with various specifications as to how the program is supposed to work. It literally has to rewrite and restructure certain components of Windows. Moreover the programmer had to design the program to handle each version of Windows differently, and to be sensitive to the unique combination of settings on each computer. An on-the-fly server undertakes this complex installation process immediately instead of downloading a single compressed file subsequently unzipped to do the job. As a result, there is no easy way to copy the program from one computer to another. Another disadvantage is that if the process is interrupted halfway through, the user must begin again whereas regular downloads, if controlled by a modern download manager, usually can resume where they left off.





 - If you clicked on a download link in order to download an audio file, but your browser keeps playing the audio message live instead of downloading the file, try right-clicking on the link and looking for an option to “save link” or “save file to disk.” This option typically opens a browser window where you can specify your desired destination (preferably the Desktop) although many download managers target the Desktop automatically unless you click the “Change Destination” option to browse elsewhere.  The Desktop is your main Windows screen, so placing downloaded files there makes them easy for you to find.

- One can install a professional download manager such as DAP (Download Accelerator Program, free to keep) which can resume interrupted downloads versus starting over.  Once installed, DAP will automatically run every time you try to download a program. Clicking “Start Download” in the DAP window places that program on the running list (the queue). Click the yellow-red boomerang at the bottom right of the Desktop to pull  up the running list (the queue) of requested downloads. You can have dozens of programs on the running list. After the first two finish downloading, the next two start automatically, so you can sleep while they download. In the morning check the running list for downloads possibly interrupted by a lost connection. Reconnect and choose the menu option Downloads-ResumeAll to pick up where they left off. Then go back to sleep! DAP’s major disadvantage (other than its annoying advertising) is that it occasionally reports a server as malfunctional when in fact DAP itself is malfunctioning. Therefore if a site fails to download its files to you, hopefully you will have a second download manager installed as a backup to do the job (see below).

   - What is so tricky about download managers  is that the download window appears invisibly in the background when you click the download link. A beginner might assume too quickly that the program is not working.  To retrieve the download window or summon the running-list window, try minimizing the open windows. Or look for the download-manager icon usually located either at the bottom right or on the Desktop or on the Start-Programs menu.

- If Internet Explorer instead of your download manager activates the download, click Cancel and try right-clicking the download link and selecting “Download with DAP” (or whatever the name of your download manager). As a last resort, right-click the link and choose Properties. Use the mouse to highlight the entire address, scrolling the Properties window horizontally if necessary. Right-click the highlighted address and choose Copy. Then pull up the running list (the queue). Look for an option to “Add URL.” This means to add a download address to the queue. Selecting this option opens an address bar. Right-click to paste the copied address into the bar. Click OK.

- If DAP ever becomes unavailable try to obtain one of these other free download managers:

Net Ants

Net Leech

Fresh Download

- Some of these programs might add the download to the queue without actually starting the download. You can right-click on the queued package and select “Start Download” or check the menus for an option that forces the queue to always download immediately.

- Fresh Download does not add itself to the right-click menu unless you specify. Follow these steps to add to the command, ”Download with FD.” Check the bottom right for the Fresh Download icon shaped like a blue circle containing a white down-arrow. Click it to summon the Fresh Download window or go to Start-Programs-FreshDownload. Select View-Options and click the Integration Tab. Checkmark the box, “Show FD in IE context menu.” This option means, “Show Fresh Download in the Internet Explorer right-click menu.” Now click the File tab and checkmark the box, “Start download after adding to the list (the queue).” THE RIGHT-CLICK MENU WILL NOT SHOW THE COMMAND UNTIL YOU CLOSE AND REOPEN YOUR INTERNET BROWSER.

- Be aware that suppliers of downloads are notorious for deactivating download links. 

- Typically the downloaded packages are compressed files that download either in self-extracting format (.EXE files) or in zipped formats (.ZIP files) that you have to unzip. If right-clicking and choosing Properties reveals a different extension such as HTML, the link is probably not a download. Perhaps clicking the link will take you to a download page.

- A regular dial-up modem might take three minutes to download each megabyte.


Unzipping Compressed Files (Main Glossary)


- Windows XP has a built-in unzip-utility accessible from the right-click menu.  Unfortunately a zipped folder in XP is almost indistinguishable from a regular yellow folder. In fact, clicking a zipped folder in XP displays the files precisely as a regular folder would! One is then left wondering why the files won’t work. The reason is that they have not yet been unzipped.

- Those who do not have Windows XP will need to download a free unzip-utility such as Zipgenius from’s download page for Zip Genius. Here the downloaded program-file is entitled zg14sR3 (Zip Genius version 1.4 service release 3). Once it is installed you can unpack any zip-file by right-clicking it and choosing “extract here” or “extract to folder.” When unzipping a file from a CD, you cannot “extract here” because the unzip program is not designed to burn the unpacked data to a CD.  Instead right-click to copy-and-paste the zipped file to the Desktop, and then right-click the copy on the Desktop and choose “extract to folder.” Alternatively, from the zip options on the right-click menu, choose the fill-in-the-blank option “extract___.” You will see a browser window allowing you to select the Desktop (preferably) or some other folder as the destination to  unzip the data. However, be careful about unzipping to the Desktop because you could end up with a hundred files scattered all over it. A better way is to first use the right-click menu to put a new empty folder on the Desktop. Then use the browser window of the extraction utility to select the new empty folder as the destination.

- Those zip programs inaccessible from the right-click menu usually require you to open the program from Start-Programs and then use a File-Open or File-expand command. Then you will use a browser window to select the package to be unzipped, and then another browser window to select the destination (preferably a new folder that you  created on the Desktop to receive the unzipped files).

- Files can be compressed in various formats, but nowadays the ZIP format (.ZIP) is basically standard for files downloaded over the internet. Zipgenius can handle most other compressed formats as well. Winzip has a higher rating than Zipgenius but is actually retail software for about $30.

- Suppose you want to compress a file called Sample.txt, for instance to fit it on a floppy disk (assuming you have already installed either Zipgenius, Winzip, or a competitor). Right-click Sample.txt and look for an option such as “Create” or “Add to” Shortly thereafter you will see a compressed file appear nearby to Sample.txt called

- Although a zip-utility can compress word-processing files to about 1/3 size, it usually cannot substantially compress image-files (pictures and scanned photos) and program-installation files.

- If Zip Genius ever becomes unavailable, try to obtain one of the following unzip programs. All of them were still free the last time we checked.

Muzip (use the right-click menu)

Optimal Archive (use the right-click menu)

Quick Zip (use the right-click menu)

Zip It Fast  (use the right-click menu)

Stuff It (use the File menu, or drag zipped packages onto the program window).

Linos – installs two programs. Use the File-Extract command for the full-featured program. The other program is only an expander. Its browser windows are self-explanatory. 

Zip Archive – use the File menu, but you have to remember to click the Extract icon to summon the destination browser-window.


Saving a file and its path for restoration (Main Glossary)


-To save a backup copy of a file to be deleted from the search window,  right-click on it and choose Copy. Right-click the Desktop and choose Paste.  Now you have to save the file’s path in a word-processor so you can remember where to return the saved copy. Go to Start-Programs-Accessories and open Wordpad. Click File-SaveAs and name the document Path. In the bottom field choose Word format or RTF format (which will change it from a Wordpad document to a Word document if Word is installed). Scroll up the Save window to select the Desktop as the destination. Save the document but keep it open for pasting the path shortly.

 Make sure the folder view options are configured to display every file’s full path  in the title bar. Returning to the search-window, highlight the file to be deleted and choose File-OpenContainingFolder.  At this point the path should appear in the title bar or, with Win98 and higher, in the address bar. Thus a Win98 user can highlight the address, right-click it, and choose copy. A Win95 user might have to manually type the path into the document but should first try right-clicking the file, choosing Properties, and looking for a “Location” (the path). Use the mouse to highlight this entire path (scroll horizontally if necessary), right-click the highlighted path, and choose copy. Return to the Wordpad document, right-click and paste the path. Choose File-Save and exit the document. Verify that both the document and the backup copy of the file appear on the Desktop.

- Now you can safely delete the file and continue with Stanley Kober’s instructions itemized above. Write yourself a memo to restore the file if the deletion did not solve the Libronix installation problem.

-To restore it, return to its address by following its path or copy its path into the address bar (Win98 and up). Copy and paste it from the Desktop back to its original folder indicated by its path.


Positioning Libronix Toolbars (Main Glossary)


Every horizontal toolbar has at the left end a thin vertical grip-bar whereby the mouse can drag it to another line. Although you can’t append your toolbars to the Main Menu row, appending them to the other toolbar rows is easy when there is plenty of room. However, if a preexisting toolbar only left space barely sufficient or insufficient, the effort to append will fail until you perfectly flush the two toolbars. Insufficient space will cause Libronix to substitute a double-arrow (>>) for any toolbar pushed off the screen. Click the double-arrow to display the toolbar menu, no longer horizontally on account of insufficient space, but vertically as a drop-down menu. In fact the present writer has on occasion deliberately pushed a rarely used toolbar offscreen to keep it out of the way.

- If you intend to keep Andrew Mckenzie’s fifty-icon toolbar, a good place for it is a vertical column down the left-hand side. Of course some of the icons will be pushed off the bottom of the screen. To do this, pull the toolbar downwards along the left-hand side until Libronix takes the hint. Restoring it to the horizontal is even easier;  just drag it to a point anywhere on the top row.

- Attempting to install both Mckenzie’s toolbar and my shortened version of it might create a conflict that deactivates one of the two.


                        Easy-Word Word-Processor (Main Glossary)


Microsoft Word 2000 is about $30 today as a standalone purchase on the web and worth every penny, but Easy Word is free to keep and equally powerful according to one review by a desktop-publisher website. When using the spell-checker, click the “options” button and uncheck the five “Ignore” checkboxes for better results.

- The package is an 8-megabtye download from who might redirect you to either: for the download or for the download

- You might want to make Easy Word the default program that Windows automatically uses to load and edit word-processing files.

- See our introduction to word-processors if you don’t know how to use them.




- Customer ID Number. If you enter in the wrong customer ID number there is probably no way to change it except to purge and reinstall.

- Error Logging: To log an error with the programmers, follow the instructions at

-DDraw.dll error. Occurs when opening the Home page in Libronix, download and install DirectX from

- Network. To make another computer with Libronix books function as a source (server) of books to your computer when networked, select Tools-Options-General-AddResourcePaths on your computer and click the Browse button to browse  the network looking for the server-computer. Then browse the Libronix and Logos paths within that computer looking principally for the Logos20 folder (the usual Logos books-folder if present) and the Libronix Resources folder (the usual Libronix Books folder). When you find a folder that contains books click OK to add its path to your computer. These two paths (folders) should do the trick (assuming the two folders have been “shared” from the right-click menu).


                 Introduction to Word-Processors


- The present writer does not use Bible-programs as a notepad because they usually (1) do not provide a convenient way to make backup copies; (2) are not transferable from one Bible-program to the next;  and (3) do not make the disk-location of the notes easy to remember.

- A word-processor is a computerized notepad for typing text. However, you will forever lose your typed notes unless you save them to a storage-file on a disk before shutting off the computer. The word processor will create this storage file when you select the Save command on the File menu, but first it will ask you to assign a name to the storage-file. Choose a name that corresponds to the topic of the notes and is easy to remember. If you choose a name identical to that of a file already existing in the disk-area under consideration, the program will warn you that saving the notes under that filename will overwrite (erase) the contents of the existing file. Therefore choose a new name to protect any existing files. Once named, resave after each newly typed paragraph – even after each sentence if you like – to avoid a loss caused by a computer crash. Usually you can re-save the data very rapidly by memorizing the keyboard shortcut which is usually Alt-F-S or control-S. (The F means to activate the File menu, and the S to save. Hence the F is underlined at the top of the screen).

- The word processor will choose the particular disk and particular disk-area for saving the file unless you override it by using the browsing option in the Save-window to pick an alternative destination.  You should always be very selective about the destination of your data to avoid losing it, wherefore you should acquaint yourself with the disk-areas listed in MyComputer.  Your destination should always be the hard-drive invisibly hidden inside the computer case, also called the C-drive, which has two important folders entitled Desktop and MyDocuments. What makes the hard drive ideal for saving data is a level of speed probably twenty times faster than floppy drives and Zip drives. However, if the hard drive breaks down or is virus-infected you will lose all your data unless you saved a backup copy to a floppy disk, a Zip disk, or a CD-burner. Floppies are low in capacity but nonetheless have enough room for most word-processing document especially if the document is first “zipped” (compressed).

- To make a backup copy of a note-file, you first have to find it. Browse to wherever you seem to recall saving it or do a search based on its name. If you can’t remember its name, you can do a string-search (a word search) in post-Windows-95 computers.  In the search window look for a field for inserting a string of text. Enter a word or phrase likely to be somewhat unique to the document. Windows will search every document on your entire hard drive (the C-drive) looking for the phrase. Once you have found it, right-click it and select “Copy” to put the file on the clipboard (the area of computer memory reserved for making copies). Then click open the MyComputer icon, click open the drive to be used as a backup (usually a floppy drive or Zip drive if installed) and right-click to paste the file onto the disk inside the drive. Of course you will overwrite, and therefore lose, the previous edition on that disk if present - unless you save it to a different folder. You can always create a new folder by right-clicking and selecting New and then Folder.

- To add notes or make changes to an old note-file, simply find it on the hard drive as stated above and click it open to begin typing. However, sometimes clicking open an existing note-file will load the notes in a word-processor other than the one that you created it with. This is most likely to happen if you put the note-file on a floppy disk and opened it from another computer. Of course the new computer might not have a copy of your word-processing program installed. Saving your data in a different word processor can actually result in a loss of any special formatting such as fonts, font-sizes, pictures, and footnotes. A low-capacity word-processor such as Notepad might even chop off most of the document! You could save it under a different name, however, to create an all-new note-file that leaves the original note-file safely intact. However, assuming that the new computer does indeed have a copy of your word-processing program installed, there are two ways to make it the editor of your note-file. First, assuming that your word-processor is called EasyWord (free) you can go to Start-Programs-EasyWord and, when the EasyWord window opens, choose File-Open and then browse to your note-file to click it open under EasyWord. Secondly you could right-click a particular note-file and use the “Open With” command to make EasyWord the default program that always opens your note-files.

- What if you make a mistake? Cheaper word processors usually allow you to undo no more than the immediately preceding step. You should be aware that heavy-duty word processors such as Easy Word allow you to automatically undo as many mistakes as you like unless you close the file. After closure it is too late for the automatic restoration. Look for the Edit-Undo option or try control-Z. You can also use the Edit-Redo option or control-Y.

- One of the most common functions utilized in a word-processor is to highlight blocks of text for simultaneous formatting, deleting, or copying. To highlight text hold down the shift-key plus the down-arrow key, or the shift-key plus the page-down key. In most case you can also use control-A or Edit-SelectAll to highlight the entire document. You can then use the Format menu to change the font for the entire document at once. A common shortcut is control-B to make type boldface, and control-I for italics.

- You might notice that the SaveAs window has a field at the bottom that allows you to change the format in which the document is saved. The formats are usually identified by a three or four letter extension such as DOC (Microsoft-Word-Document format), RTF (Rich Text format), HTML or HTM (web-page style), and TXT (plain text format). If the document was previously saved, using the SaveAs window to change the format will actually leave it intact by virtue of creating a new document in the new format and renamed with the corresponding three-letter extension. DOC format is probably the safest, although HTML and RTF also do an excellent job of preserving all your special formatting. Plain text format (TXT), however, loses the formatting after you close and reopen the document.

  Warning: If a document is open – suppose its called Bible-Notes - and you accidentally click it open a second time, Windows will ask you, “Do you want to revert to the saved copy of Bible-Notes?” Always refuse this offer! Answer “No.”  Otherwise you will lose any unsaved changes. The meaning of the question has to do with the way that Windows works with an open file. Windows considers it intact, regardless of changes, until you actually save the changes. Thus if you try to re-open an open file, Windows supposes that you want to open the original, intact version at the expense of the changed version currently onscreen.

 - On the other hand Microsoft Word has generally been the only word processor that allowed one to work on several open copies of the same document without danger of losing changes. You cannot access this special feature by simply using the File-Open command, however, because Windows would still pop up the same question. Rather you have to use the Window menu. Select the option “New Window.” To switch from window to window either hit control-F6 or select one of the numbered windows on the Window menu. Note that most word-processors allow you to open several copies of a document but fail to warn you that the windows don’t synchronize; changes in one window will be lost upon the other windows, and the last window that you save is the winner – how frustrating! Microsoft Word – even the Dos version – has always synchronized multiple windows.  EasyWord, a recent free word processor, follows Microsoft Word in this respect. 







Online Bible

Sword Project

A Conservative Version (ACV)




American Standard Version  




Ben Asher Morphological Hebrew  Text




Bible in Basic English




Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia OT




Byzantine Majority Greek NT




Common Edition New Testament 




Contemporary English Version




Douay Rheims Version Bible 1899




Interlinear Greek New Testament




International Standard Version




Jewish publication Society OT




John Darby Version 




King James Version Bible (=Authorized Version or AV)




Living Oracles New Testament 




Modern King James Version




Murdock's Syriac Peshitta




Noah Webster 




Revised Standard Version




Rotherham's Emphasized Version 




Scrivener Textus Receptus Greek New Testament




Septuagint Greek Old Testament LXX




Septuagint LXX OT in English




Stephanus Textus Receptus Greek New Testament




Tischendorf's Greek New Testament




Young's Literal Translation




Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament (WH)




Weymouth New Testament




World English Bible




Montgomery New Testament Bible




Orthodox Jewish British Cas.            




Twentieth Century New Testament




[Back to Table of Contents]



Major Commentaries Available


Online Bible

Sword Project

Adam Clarke’s commentary




Barnes’ Complete Commentary




JFB Commentary         




John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible




Keil & Delitzsch OT Commentary




Matthew Henry Complete Commentary




Robertson's Word Pictures




Treasury of David




Treasury Of Scripture Knowledge




Vincent’s Word Studies




 [Back to Table of Contents]




 Dictionaries / Lexicons Available




Sword Project

BDB Hebrew Dictionary Linked to Strong's Dictionary




Easton's Bible Dictionary 




International Standard Bible Encyclopedia




Dictionary of numeric morphology




Robinson’s Dictionary of alphabetic morphology




Packard’s Dictionary of alphabetic morphology




Thayer Greek Dictionary Linked To Strong's Dictionary




King James Dictionary




King James Concordance




Smith's Bible Dictionary




Strong's Greek and Hebrew Dictionary




Torrey's Topical Reference Dictionary




Nave's topical reference




Greek to Hebrew dictionary




Hebrew to Greek dictionary




Websters Dictionary





[Back To Table of Contents]








Sword Project

Easy for beginners to use




Automatic readout of Strong's Greek and Hebrew Dictionary Definitions




Synchronized scroll of commentaries with Bibles




Displays a verse in all Bible versions at once for easy comparison




King James Version (Authorized Version) with Strong's Numbers




Lexicon keyed to Strong’s Numbers




NT morphology numbers with morphology dictionary




OT morphology numbers with morphology dictionary




Shows LXX OT morphology letters




Shows NT morphology letters




Has dictionary for morphology letters.




Has a Hebrew Old Testament




Has a Greek Old Testament (Septuagint) LXX            




Has a Greek New Testament




Has an Interlinear Greek-English New Testament 




Searches for Greek and Hebrew words by Strong's Numbers




Limits search scope to specified books of Scripture




Limits search scope to specified chapters of Bible




Searches for a phrase, not just multiple words    




Has a "find all of these words" search option (AND operator)




Has a "find any of these words" search option (OR operator)




Has a "find none of these words" search option (NOT operator)




Proximity searching




Permits change of font size for ease of reading




Permits opening unlimited number of windows




Enlarge windows by dragging borders




Quick-enlarge windows by clicking




Copies and pastes Greek and Hebrew text into word processors




Copies and pastes Grk and Heb into the search field to find all instances.




Sets bookmarks for instantly backtracking to reexamine verses




[Back to Table of Contents]




ACV - A Conservative Version Bible

AM Tract - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

AKJV - American King James Version Bible - This is the exact King James Version with the "THOUs" and "THEEs"  removed.

ASV - American Standard Version Bible (1901 update of the King James Version)

AV - Authorized Version = King James Version Bible

Calvin - Calvin's commentaries.

BDB - Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Dictionary

BBE - Bible in Basic English

BHM - Ben Asher Hebrew Bible in morphologically separated format

BHS - Ben Asher Hebrew Old Testament Bible without morphological separation.

Broadus - John Broadus' Commentary on Matthew

BRSO - Briefs; or, Addresses in Outline. (Sermon Outlines)

BHS - Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (Hebrew Old Testament )

Burkett - Burkett, James - New Testament Bible notes (commentary.).

Calvin – Calvin’s Commentary on Genesis

CBC Condensed Bible Encyclopedia

CEV - Contemporary English Version Bible

Common - The Common Edition New Testament Bible

Darby - Darby's English Version Bible

Dbynotes- Darby's notes

Death - Spurgeon, Charles - sermon on Death of a Christian

DETI - Dictionary, Encyclopedia, and topic index

Deuterocanon - Apocrypha books

Divinity - "The Body of Doctrinal Divinity" theology by John Gill.

DR - Douay-Rheims Version Bible

DRA - Douay-Rheims Version with Apocrypha Bible

DRB - Douay-Rheims Version Bible

ENT - Eclectic Notes (Commentary on Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Matthew, Romans, Philippians)

Family - Family Bible Notes Commentary

Geneva - Geneva Bible Translation Notes Commentary

Gill - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible.

GNB - Good News Bible

GNT - Greek New Testament Bible

GW - God's Word Bible

HebModern - Modern Hebrew Bible

HNV - Hebrew Names Version of the World English Bible (WEB) (English Text)

HOT - Hebrew Old Testament Bible

ISBE - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ISV - International Standard Version Bible

KJD - King James Dictionary         

JFB - Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary

JPS - Jewish Publication Society Old Testament Bible

LSCS - Spurgeon, C. H. - Lectures to My Students

LITV - Literal Translation of the Holy Bible

LO - Living Oracles New Testament Bible

LXX - Septuagint (Greek OT) Bible

LXXM - Septuagint (Greek OT) Morphologically tagged Bible

MHC - Matthew Henry Commentary Complete

MHCC - Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

Montgomery - Helen Montgomery's NT, first-ever Bible by a woman

Naves - Naves topical dictionary

NT - New Testament

MTRACTS - modern tracts by AIG, answers to tough questions

MKJV - Modern King James Version Bible

Murdock - (New Testament translation) James Murdock's Translation of the Syriac Peshitta

ORTHJBC - The Orthodox Jewish Brit Chadasha Bible

OT - Old Testament

OWSERM - John Owen Sermon's

Packard - Dictionary of the Alphabetic Morphology codes for the OT.

Peshitta – Aramaic and/or Hebrew New Testament

Pink - Pink's commentary on John and Hebrews

Pink-OT - Pink's commentary on the Old Testament

Poole - Poole's New Testament notes (commentary)

PNT - People's New Testament Commentary

RAJE - Jonathan Edwards sermon on the religious affections

RNKJV - Restored Names King James Version

RSV - Revised Standard Version Bible

Rotherham - The Emphasized Bible by J. B. Rotherham

Rwebster - Revised Noah Webster bible

RWP - Robertson's Word Pictures Commentary

RWP1- Robertson's Word Pictures Commentary

SAM - McClaren Alexander's sermons

Scofield - Scofield Reference Notes Commentary

Scripn - Scripture Names and Meanings

Scrivner - 1894 Scrivener Textus Receptus Greek New Testament Bible

Shebt - The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge

Sight-B - Harold B Sightler Sermons

SGE - Edward Griffin's sermons

SJCR - JC Ryle sermons

SJE - Jonathan Edwards Sermons

Smith - Smith's Bible dictionary

SRB - Richard Baxter Sermons

SRMM - Robert Murray M'Cheyne's sermons

Stones - Stones and Bones: Evidence against evolution

Stephanus - 1550 Stephanus Textus Receptus Greek NT

STM - Thomas Manton's sermons

Talight - Lightfoot, John - Commentaries on the New Testament

Tbsermon - Thomas Boston Sermons

TCR - Thompson Chain Reference Topics

Thayer - Thayer's Greek Lexicon - dictionary of numeric New Testament morphology codes.

Tisch - Tischendorf's Eighth Edition Greek New Testament Bible 

Tdavid - C. H. Spurgeon's Treasury of David commentary on Psalms

TFG - The Fourfold Gospel and Commentary on Acts of Apostles

TSD - C. H. Spurgeon's Treasury of David commentary on Psalms

Torrev - Revival Sermons

TSK - Treasury of Scripture Knowledge Commentary

Ttbdic - Definitions and Symbols from the Two Babylons

Twenty - Twentieth Century New Testament

TR - Scrivener Textus Receptus, Greek New Testament

YLT - Young's Literal Translation Bible

WEB - World English Bible

Webster - Noah Webster Bible

WebsterDic - Websters Dictionary

Wesley - John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

WEN - John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Wesser - John Wesley's sermons

WH - Westcott Hort Greek New Testament

Whitefield - Whitefield, George - Sermons.

WILL - Jonathan Edwards sermon on freedom on the will

WNT - Weymouth New Testament





    Apostolic preaching/exhaling imparted fellowship with the living Word/God. As my book explains, today’s pastors preach written Word/law functioning largely as a ministry of death (2Cor 3:1ff) accusing like Satan[1] and arousing sin (Rom 7:5). The Spirit blesses written Word/law only minimally.[2] Imagine a child raised among loving friends and family versus a lonely, rejected child. Which child will be more likely to join a sinful crowd just to make friends? Solitary confinement is considered extreme punishment precisely because fellowship is our deepest emotional need. God praised each creation stage, “This is good” (Gen 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31; 2:9) except Adam’s creation where He said, “It is not good.” Why not? “It is not good that man should be alone” (2:18). How much more in need of fellowship is the sinful Christian! “One will chase a thousand; two will chase ten thousand.” “Wherever two or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them.” “As iron sharpens iron, so one man strengthens another.” Fellowship creates positive peer pressure against sin. 

Members of the same family suffer no social inhibition. They jump into each other’s conversations and activities uninvited. Churches call themselves “the family of God” without combating social inhibition. “Family Fellowship” is an agreement among voluntary participants to interact without social inhibition. Pastors can dedicate any number of weekly hours to it, preferably 24 hours a day. Admittedly womanizers will manipulate it, but Judas is unavoidable.  Its rules should be served to anyone who enters the fellowship building during the designated hours. At no other hours or locations do these rules apply. Proctors must enforce them to prevent the deadly dynamic of social inhibition from rearing its ugly head. Pastors should prune away any unpalatable rules instead of rejecting the whole program. After all, every ministry has rules whether for pew members, greeters, ushers, musicians, choir members, cooks, sound technicians, deacons, teachers, security, and parking attendants. Rules can counteract social inhibition (viz. “Hug two or three people right now.”) Family Fellowship should be advertised not as rehabilitation for social outcasts but as an excellent opportunity to minister. Here are suggested rules. First-timers are required to write, “I agree,” next to each rule.

        (1) You will immediately join a group of occupants and handshake at least one person while exchanging names. Upon leaving a group you must join another or exit. (2) All prayer will be audible and in a group. A group who prays for one of its individuals can lay hands with his or her permission. (3) A private conversation justifies turning away a newcomer only if immediately moved outside the building. (4) On a table will be forms for social activity. Suppose you wish to attend a movie, restaurant, or bowling alley tonight. Fill out a form indicating the time to rendezvous at the table. Anyone who sees your form can sign up. You must provide transportation for yourself. (Such a table can also be placed in the lobby before services).[3] (5) You agree to presume all greetings, conversations, and invitations from the opposite gender nonromantic. You agree to strive for spending equal time with males and females. (6) The fellowship building is for conversation rather than spectator-activities such as televisions, board games, pool tables, table tennis, video games, etc. (7) Any lull in the conversation is to be remedied by someone in the group reading aloud a few verses of Scripture for group comment. (8) Once every hour or two appointed ministers will congregate everyone for five to ten minutes of corporate prayer or worship/singing. (9) Report any harassment to the proctors, but for your own safety, do not trust even the proctors implicitly. (10) You here testify that you are a born-again Christian in the Protestant, evangelical sense.


 (random letters for test purposes – KFSSZMBVEBU)


[1] A son continually criticized by his father will never realize his full potential, indeed will be emotionally scarred, compared to a son regularly praised for his talents and achievements. For centuries pastors have been preaching sermons designed to criticize believers, that is, to point out their shortcomings in the faith. When is the last time your pastor devoted the entire sermon to praising the congregation for their good deeds such as earning bread for their families? A certain pastor, highly respected, when complimented for a particular sermon, replied half-seriously, “Preaching is easy. Just beat them up and send them home.” Sermons condemn, accuse, and arouse guilt because such is the very nature of the Law. To “beat them up” implies leaving scars similar to those left upon a child continually criticized by his father. 

[2] The Spirit blesses written Word/law somewhat minimally. Someone will object that the OT contains many statements about God’s willingness to abundantly bless users of His written Word. But that Word originated in the voiced Word to Israel. For them to exalt it was, more or less, almost the same thing as honoring God’s voice. We have no right to presume the same.

  [3] Note: A church could also use its website as an online “table.” Or perhaps a Christian web technician could create a website that enables any church in the USA to create its own table automatically. A unique street-number-plus-zip-code  combo could help to prevent duplicate tables.